Last modified: 2022-04-16 by rob raeside
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Commander in Chief of the Army (1938), Thailand (fotw)
Dhvajas of the Hindus (Zeljko Heimer & CS)
a) "Dhvaja" is the Sanskrit word for “flag” and the examples shown above are flown on festivals and other special occasions to mark the victory of Sanatana Dharma, however, pennants dedicated to individual gods within the Hindu pantheon are also sometimes seen.
b) The word is sometimes pronounced as d’vahjah, but other pronunciations exist.
Flag of Lanzarote, Spain (fotw); National Flag, Papua New Guinea (fotw)
Flag of Pont-à-Celles, Belgium (fotw)
Flag of the Army For Slanted Display, Bolivia (fotw & CS)
Flag of Nidfurn, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Luzein, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)
Flag Flag of Honnelles, Belgium (fotw); Flag of Ommelanden, The Netherlands (fotw)
National Flag, The Congo (fotw); Flag of Colomera, Spain (fotw); National Flag, Tanzania (fotw)
Flag of Cruzaltense, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Picada Café, Brazil (fotw)
Flag of Flor do Sertão, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Porto de Moz, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Ciríaco, Brazil (fotw)
Flag of Mato Grosso, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Colniza, Brazil (fotw); Flag of Paranaguá, Brazil (fotw)
Flag of Hollandscheveld, The Netherlands; House Flag of Michael Jebsen & Co., Germany (fotw); Flag of Saba, Caribbean Netherlands (fotw)
National Flag of France (fotw); National Flag of Italy (fotw); National flag of Russia (fotw); National Flag of Bulgaria
a) As examples and with regard to 1), the flags of Italy and Bulgaria were differenced from those of France and of Russia by changing the blue stripes to green, whilst as further examples:
b) The flag of Slovakia was differenced from the Russian tricolour by the addition of a charge, and that of Serbia by the reversal of its colour sequence – see ‘pan-Slavic colours’.
c) Regarding 2), in heraldry the terms difference and differencing may not have exactly the same meaning, that these terms do not necessarily equate directly with cadency as shown above and that we therefore suggest a dictionary or glossary on heraldry should be consulted for further details.
Flag of Venice, Italy (fotw)
Flag of Nysa, Poland (fotw); Flag of Geneva, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of the Cinque Ports, UK (fotw)
Please note, however, that where two sets of dimidiated arms or any elements thereof are set side by side in heraldic terms they are said to be ‘impaled by dimidiation’, and that (whilst this is often the case) one dimidiated charge, or set of dimidiated arms, need not necessarily be set beside another so halved (as per the example shown above) – see ‘entire 1)’ (also ‘conjoined’).
Arms and Flag of Kornowac, Poland (fotw)
Dinner Flag, US (fotw)
Please note that the usual protocol with regard to flying a flag in the half-mast position on land is not followed at sea.
Ambassador’s Flags – UK, Thailand and Gambia (fotw)
Please note that these flags are not generally flown outside embassies or consulates (although they may be), but are more usually seen ashore as car flags, within diplomatic premises and/or outside the residences of ambassadors or consuls, or they may be flown from the main masthead or a jack staff of a vessel carrying a diplomatic or consular officer when afloat (see also ‘car flag’, ‘jack staff’, ‘main’ and ‘masthead’).
a) A warship will never dip its ensign to another vessel (whether warship or merchantman) but will invariably return the salute when offered by a merchant vessel - a courtesy that (whilst formerly given as a matter of course) is rarely seen today – and that that warships only return salutes from the ships of countries recognized by their own government. Saluting between warships not wearing the flag of a flag officer or a broad pennant is carried out by bosun’s call or bugle, and when flag officers meet at sea they salute each other with the appropriate number of guns, although usually only by prior arrangement (see also 'flag of command', ‘flag officer’, ‘gun salute’ and ‘private ship’).
b) At sea a manoeuvring signal will be dipped by the flagship when it has been acknowledged, and signifies that the signal is to be executed, however, an answering or code pennant flown at the dip in response to a hoist from the flagship, indicates that the signal is not understood - an answering pennant flown close-up confirms that the signal has been received and understood (see also ‘code pennant’, ‘close-up’, ‘dip, at the’, ‘hoist 2)’ and ‘signal flag’).
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