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Dictionary of Vexillology: M (Magen David - Maltese Cross)
Last modified: 2022-08-27 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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On this page:
- MAGEN DAVID
- The Shield or Star of David composed of two interlaced triangles forming a
six pointed star, and symbolic of Judaism (see also ‘menorah’).
Naval Ensign, National Emblem
and Civil Ensign of Israel (fotw and Wikipedia)
Please note that the Magen David is also known as
the Seal of Solomon and as such may be represented as a pentagram of with five points as it now
appears on the flags of Ethiopia and Morocco (based on the Hebrew Encyclopaedia)
- see ‘pentagram’.
National Emblem of Ethiopia
- MAGIC RATIO
- See ‘golden mean’.
National Flag of Togo in the golden mean/magic ratio (fotw)
- MAIL FLAG (or PENNANT)
- See ‘postal flag’.
Flag of the Mail/Postal Service 1918 – 1941, Yugoslavia (fotw); Flag of the Mail/Postal Service, Russia (fotw);
Royal Mail Pennant, UK (fotw)
- MAIN, AT THE
- (adv) The phrase used when a flag is flown from the truck of a ship’s
mainmast it is described as being “at the main”
– see ‘mainmast’ (also ‘mast’,
‘masthead’, ‘masthead pennant 1)’
Flag of an
Admiral c1850, Austria/Hungary (fame)
Please note that in the sailing/steam-assisted navy, the command flag of a full-admiral was formerly flown in this position (also ‘balls of difference’, ‘flag of command’ and
- MAINMAST (or MAIN)
- The most important mast in a ship or yacht, or the tallest mast in a sailing
warship from which the masthead pennant was formerly flown
– but see ‘main, at the’
(also ‘foremast’, ‘mast 2)’,
‘masthead’ and ‘mizzen’).
- MAIN ORDINARIES
- In heraldry see ‘ordinary’.
Examples: Chief; Cross; Pale; Saltire; Fess; Pile; Chevron; Quarter; Bend
- MAJOR'S COLOUR (or COLOR)
- See ‘stand of colours 1)’ and ‘venn’.
Examples of Major’s Colours, English c1641 (fotw)
- MAKE HER NUMBER
- (v) To hoist that group of signal flags which identify a ship in a recognized
code code – a term now increasingly obsolete – see ‘call sign hoist’
and the note below (also ‘International Code of Signal Flags’,
‘pendant number’, ‘private signal 3)’ and
MTLQ in the 1866 Commercial Code of Signals – from 1880 The International Code
of Signals - and the “number” of SS Australia (P&O Lines) c1898
Please note that use of two flags to indicate the country of registration applies only to a call sign hoist in the current International Code.
- MAKING COLOURS
- See ‘colours 5)’.
Naval Ensign, UK (fotw); Naval Ensign
South Africa 1952 – 1981 (fotw)
- MALTESE CROSS
- 1) In correct heraldic/vexillological usage the term for a cross made up of four arrowheads, with
straight-sided arms, eight outward facing points and four inner points which meet at the centre – a cross of (the order
of) St. John of Jerusalem or a cross Maltese.
2) In less precise usage this term can include a cross of the Maltese pattern which does not have four points meeting in the centre –
a cross pattée fourche,
cross of eight points or a
Maltese-like cross – but see note a) below (also ‘cross fourché’).
Flag of the Grand Master of the Military Order of Malta (fotw);
Flag of Portel, Portugal (fotw);
Flag of Bardonnex, Switzerland (fotw)
a) With regard to 2) in strict heraldic terms a cross of this type should be
correctly called a “cross pattée fourche” as referenced above.
b) The cross on the national flag of
Malta is not a Maltese cross but is the emblem of a British order of
gallantry – the George Cross – see ‘George
- MALTESE-LIKE CROSS
- See ‘Maltese cross 2)’.
Flag of Reiden, Switzerland (fotw)
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