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Dictionary of Vexillology: S (Salient - Saw-toothed)

Last modified: 2022-09-10 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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SALIENT
The heraldic term used when an animal is shown leaping (possibly upon its prey), or rearing up with both hind feet on the ground, and its forepaws drawn as if level with each other – but see ‘forcené’ and ‘rampant’.

[Salient] [Salient] [Salient]
Flags of Concise, Hunzenschwil and Siglistorf, Switzerland (fotw)


SALTIRE
1) In vexillology a cross whose arms are diagonal - a diagonal or diagonally-centred cross (see also ‘orthogonal’, ‘layered saltire’, ‘panel’, ‘ragged cross’, St. Andrew’s Cross’ and ‘St. Patrick's Cross’).
2) In heraldry as above but traditionally symbolic of martyrdom (see also ‘in saltire’ and 'per saltire').

[Jamaica - saltire] [saltire] [saltire]
National Flag of Jamaica (fotw); Flag of the Federal Security Service, Russia (fotw); Flag of Láb, Slovakia (fotw)


SALTIRE RAGULY
See ‘ragged cross’ and raguly’.

[saltire raguly]
Regimental Colour of the Louisiana Infantry 1780, Spanish America (fotw)


SALTIREWISE
In heraldry see ‘in saltire’.

[saltirewise flag] [saltirewise flag]
Flag of Wohlenschwil, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Babimost, Poland (fotw)


SALUTE TO THE FLAG
That custom, often prescribed by law or regulation, which requires military personnel to salute and civilians to remove their hats or place the right hand over their heart when a flag is raised or lowered, or when it passes in parade (see also ‘flag salute’).

SANGUIN
The heraldic term for blood-red - see ‘shades of tincture’.

tincture


SASH
1) A band of material, usually in the national colours and sometimes bearing the national arms, worn across the chest by a head of state, especially (but not exclusively) in South America, or by some civic officials (see also ‘national colours 2)’ and ‘state arms 2)’ under ‘arms’).
2) A similar symbol (although usually – but not invariably - based on political rather than national colours) used by political organizations (see also ‘political flags 1)’).

[Political sash]  [Presidential sash of Honduras]  [Civic sash of France] 
The Presidential Sashes of Uruguay, Honduras (fotw); Civic Sash of France

Notes
a) The civic sash of France is often (although not invariably) seen with the blue stripe uppermost; it is frequently fringed and sometimes worn around the waist rather than across the chest.
b) Sashes are also worn with some military and civilian awards when in UK usage (and in some others) they are known as a “ribbon”..


SASHIMONO
See ‘daimyo flags’ and its following notes.

[sash ]
Flag of Makino Yasunari 1555-1609, Japan (fotw)


SAUTANT
The French for “leaping”, which is also sometimes used in place of, or in addition to, the heraldic terms rampant or salient – see ‘rampant’ and ‘salient’ in (also ‘erect’).

Betten, Switzerland
Flag of Betten, Switzerland (fotw)


SAW-TOOTHED
See ‘serrated’ (also ‘wolfteeth’).

[saw-toothed example]
Flag of Magellan Region, Chile (fotw)


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