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Dictionary of Vexillology: T (Tribal Flag - Triskelion)
Last modified: 2021-05-21 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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The sub-national flag of any group which shares an ethnic origin, but
which is not internationally recognized as independent – but see ‘national
flag 2)’ and ‘political flag 1)’
(also ‘sub-national flag’).
Flag of Maori Tribe, New Zealand (fotw);
Flag of the Arapaho Nation, US (fotw);
Flag of the Mohawk Nation, US (fotw);
Flag of the Metis Nation, Canada (fotw)
a) Tribal flags may also be political flags under certain circumstances,
b) Some tribal flags may be considered as national flags dependent upon the legal status and/or ambitions of the tribal group concerned.
Flag of the Kurds, Iraq (fotw);
The Aboriginals, A
National Flag of Australia under the Law (fotw)
TRIBAND (or TRI-BAND)
1) A flag of three (usually) parallel stripes or bands but using only two colours.
These stripes may be disposed vertically, horizontally or diagonally (but see note b) below), be of
equal or unequal width and be either defaced or plain – a three-striped flag
or tiercé (see also ‘bar’, ‘deface’,
‘plain 2)’, ‘stripe’,
‘tricolour’, ‘unequal triband’
with its following note and ‘width
2) An undefaced flag with three equal parallel stripes or bands using two
colours whether disposed vertically or horizontally – a simple triband (see also ‘undefaced’).
Carpena, Brazil (fotw);
Flag of Lika-Senj, Croatia (fotw);
Flag of Cruzaltense, Brazil (fotw);
Civil Flag/Ensign of Guatemala (fotw); Civil Flag of Nicaragua (fotw)
a) The Editors have drawn a distinction between
flags with three stripes and three colours and those having three
stripes but only two colours, with the definitions for tricolour and
triband having been carefully drawn up using all available sources.
b) With regard to diagonals, the orientation of its central stripe can be critical
to this definition – if the charge in question runs directly into the corners then it
considered as a plain flag bearing a diagonal stripe (as per the example illustrated below), if
however, the central stripe has its entire width along either the top and bottom edges and/or
along the hoist and fly then the term “diagonal triband” may be used in description – see
‘north-south diagonal 1)’ and its references.
Flag of Araruna, Brazil (fotw)
TRIBAR (or TRI-BAR)
A term sometimes applied to a flag of three stripes in two colours –
but see ‘triband’ and the note below.
Please note however, before using this term it
is suggested that the entry on ‘bar’ and/or a
suitable glossary or heraldic dictionary be consulted.
The national flag, civil ensign and naval ensign of Italy
- see ‘tricolour 1)’ and ‘tricolour 2)’ (also ‘ropework border’).
National Flag, Civil Ensign and
Naval Ensign of Italy
The national flag and National Ensign of France, see ‘tricolour
1)’ and ‘tricolour
National Flags of France for Use on Land and at Sea
TRICOLOUR (TRICOLOR, TRI-COLOUR or TRI-COLOR)
1) A flag of three (usually) parallel stripes or bands in three different colours. These
stripes may be disposed vertically, horizontally or diagonally, be of equal or unequal width and
be either defaced or plain – a three-striped flag or tiercé (see also ‘deface’, ‘plain
2)’, ‘stripe’, ‘striped’,
and ‘width 2)’).
2) An undefaced flag with three equal parallel stripes or bands of
different colours whether disposed vertically or horizontally – a simple
tricolour – but see note b) below (also ‘undefaced’
Flag of Chaguarpamba, Ecuador (fotw);
National Flag of St Vincent (fotw);
Flag of Algar, Spain (fotw); National Flag of Mali (fotw);
National Flag of Bolivia (fotw).
a) The Editors have drawn a distinction between flags with three stripes and three colours, and those consisting of three stripes but only two colours, with the definitions for tricolour and triband having been carefully drawn up using all available sources, however this distinction is not always observed (see also ‘triband
b) With regard to 2), several
national flags, for example those of
France and Italy, are
referred to as a “tricolour” in their respective languages and fall into this
c) A flag of five stripes and three colours, such as that of Thailand (which does not come under this definition) is also so called – but see ‘multi-stripe’
d) With regard to diagonal tricolours, the orientation of its central stripe can be critical to
this definition – if the charge in question runs directly into the corners then it can be
considered a flag bearing a diagonal stripe (as per the example illustrated below), if however,
the central stripe has its entire width along either the top and bottom edges and/or along the
hoist and fly then the term "diagonal tricolour" may be used in description – see
‘north-south diagonal 1)’ and its references.
Flag of Roraima, Brazil (fotw)
TRICOLOUR PENDANT (or PENNANT)
See ‘common pendant’.
The Tricolour/Common Pendant, England then UK 1661 – c1850 (fotw)
1) When the border of a charge, or of a flag, is embellished in a contrasting or complementary colour – see ‘fringe’.
2) In heraldry see ‘garnished’.
Flag and Arms of Soengas, Portugal (fotw);
President's Colour of Air Force, India (fotw)
Flag of Eagum, Netherlands (fotw)
A term that is used to describe the (layered) cross of the Catholic Order
of the Holy Trinity in which a blue horizontal arm is overlaid by a red
vertical. (see also 'layered cross'
and 'layered saltire').
The Order of the Holy Trinity (Wiki)
See ‘Eye of God’.
Flag and Arms of Radzymin Poland (fotw)
TRIPARTITE (TRIPARTED or TRIPLE-PARTED)
Alternative terms for a charge, particularly (but not exclusively) a cross or
saltire, that is divided longitudinally into three parts in three different
colours, as in the flag of Dominica – triparted or triple-parted (see also ‘cross
3)’, ‘layered cross’ and ‘layered
National Flag of Dominica
(fotw); Flag of
Guatavita, Colombia (fotw)
TRIPLE-ARMED (or TRIPLE) CROSS
1) See ‘papal cross’
2) See ‘orthodox cross’.
TRIPLE-MOUNT (or TRIPLE–MOUNTED)
In heraldry see ‘coupeau’ (also ‘mount’).
Arms and Flag of Canedo, Portugal (fotw)
See ‘cotticed 1)’ and following note
The term for a 17th Century Dutch naval flag of usually (but not
invariably) nine even, horizontal stripes in the Dutch national colours
repeated – but see ‘double-prince’
(also ‘dreikleur’ and ‘princeflag’)
Triple Prince c1660 (fotw); With
Stripes c1660 (fotw)
Please note however, whilst all available
evidence suggests that red, white and blue were employed, orange instead of
red may have been used at an earlier stage.
A term sometimes mistakenly used in place of swallowtail and tongue or
triple-tailed – see ‘swallow-tail
and tongue’ and ‘triple-tailed 1)’.
TRIPLE-TAILED (or TRIPLE-TONGUED)
1) Terms that should be used when a flag has three tails or tongues whose
width and lengths are of equal dimensions (see also ‘length
2)’, ‘tails’, ‘tongues’, ‘triangular-tongued’
and ‘width 2)’).
2) See ‘swallow-tail and tongue
Naval Ensign of Estonia (fotw);
Flag of Čechy, Slovakia (fotw);
State Flag/Naval Ensign of Sweden (fotw)
(adj) A term used to describe a fly that is cut into three tails with
rounded ends (see also ‘double-tailed
descate’, ‘fly’, ‘gonfanon’,
‘guidon 2)’, ‘standard
4)’, ‘swallowtail’, ‘swallowtail
and tongue’, ‘tongue(s)’ and ‘tails’).
The heraldic term used when a beast of the chase (a stag, hart, buck, etc.) is depicted walking on all four hooves, or with one hoof raised, and generally towards the dexter – but see ‘passant’.
Flag and Arms of Lend, Austria (fotw &
Flag and Arms of Rzepin, Poland (fotw)
An originally mystical sign of ancient origin that consists of three
symbols emanating from a central point, and of which the three-legged symbols
on the flags of the Islands of Man and Sicily (for example) are almost
certainly an adaptation - a trinacria or triskele
Flag of Sicily (fotw); Symbol from Celtic
Art (Wikipedia); Flag of the Isle of Man, UK (fotw)
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