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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (Iberian Cross - Imperial War Ensign)

Last modified: 2021-02-06 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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IBERIAN CROSS
See ‘cross of calatrava’.

[Iberian cross] [Iberian cross]
Flag and Arms of Puebla de Don Rodrigo, Spain (fotw & ICH)


IDEOGRAM(S)
See ‘mon 1)’ and its following note.

[Ichikawa si]
Flag of Ichikawa si, Japan (fotw)


IMPALE (or IMPALED)
1) (v) In heraldry a term for the marshalling of (or having earlier marshalled) two sets of arms side-by-side on a shield or banner of arms to indicate marriage or alliance – empale (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms 2)’, ‘dimidiated’, ‘entire 1)’, ‘escutcheon of pretence 2), ‘marshalling’, ‘point-in-point’, ‘quarter the arms’ and ‘quartering 1)’)
2) (v) On flags as above, but the images placed on a flag need not be arms as defined herein.
3) A term sometimes incorrectly used in place of transfixed - see ‘transfixed’.

[impaled flags] [impaled flags] [impaled flags] [impaled flags]
Former Flag of Overasselt, The Netherlands (fotw); Banner of the Arms of The Orkneys, UK (fotw); NY and NJ Port Authority, US (fotw); Command Flag of a General at Sea c1650, England (fotw)


IMPALE(D) BY DIMIDIATION
In heraldry see ‘dimidiated’ and following note (also ‘impale 1)’).

Wodzisław Śląski, Poland Wodzisław Śląski, Poland Lehe, Germany
Flag and Arms of Wodzisław Śląski, Poland (fotw); Flag of Lehe, Germany (fotw)


IMPENDING
A term sometimes used in blazoning to describe a charge which is apparently suspended without support – a term (as far as can be discovered) not known in English heraldry.

impending impending impending
Flag of Hennigsdorf, Germany (fotw); Arms of Vale de Asnes, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Atalaia, Portugal (fotw)


IMPERIAL ARMS
The arms that represent an empire and its ruler - a type now entirely obsolete - but see ‘imperial emblem’ (also ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’ and ‘royal arms’).

Imperial Arms, Austria  Imperial Arms, Austria Imperial Arms, Austria
Lesser Imperial Arms, Austria 1915 – 1918 (fotw); Imperial Arms, Brazil 1822 – 1889 (fotw); Imperial Arms, Mexico 1864 – 1867 (fotw


IMPERIAL BROAD PENNANT
See ‘broad pennant 4)’.

Tsar's broad pennant
Tsar’s Broad Pennant until 1917, Russia (fotw)


IMPERIAL DRAGON FLAG
The term for one of several varying designs of flag used in Imperial China up to 1912 - see ‘wingless dragon’ (also ‘dragon’).

Chinese Imperial Flag Chinese Imperial Flag Chinese Imperial Flag
Chinese Imperial Dragon Flags c1895 (fotw and Ben Cahoon)


IMPERIAL EMBLEM
That emblem, now increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete, which represents an emperor – see ‘imperial arms’ (also ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’, ‘mon 2)’ and ‘royal standard(s)’).

 Imperial Emblem Imperial Emblem Imperial Emblem
Imperial Emblem (mon), Japan (Wikipedia); Imperial Flag and Emblem 1934 - 1945, Manchukuo (fotw & Wikipedia)


IMPERIAL FLAG(S)
1) See ‘imperial standard(s) 1)’ and ‘imperial standard(s) 2)’.
2) In the plural and in increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete usage, a general heading under which all the flags, standards and banners relating to an emperor, or to the imperial family of any particular country or countries are listed (see also ‘royal flag(s) 2)’).

German Crown PRince Flag Austria-Hungary Empress Flag French Imperial Flag Japan Empress Flag
Standard of HIH The Crown Prince 1872 – 1919, Germany (fotw); Standard of HIM The Empress 1894 - 1917, Austria-Hungary (fotw); Standard of HIM The Emperor 1852 – 1870, France (fotw); Standard of HIM The Empress, Japan (fotw);


IMPERIAL STANDARD(S)
1) That flag, now increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete, which signifies the presence and/or authority of an emperor (see also ‘imperial flag(s) 2)’, ‘mon 2)’ and ‘royal standard(s)’)
2) In the plural and in increasingly (but not entirely) obsolete usage, a term sometimes applied to the flags flown by other members of an imperial family – the empress’s, crown prince’s/prince imperial’s standard etc.

German Imperial Standard Russian Imperial Standard   Japan Emperor Flag   German Imperial Standard
Imperial Standard 1890 – 1918, Germany (fotw); Imperial Standard for Use Ashore 1858 – 1917, Russia (fotw); Imperial Standard, Japan (fotw);  Imperial Standard c1880, China (fotw)


IMPERIAL WAR ENSIGN (or IMPERIAL WAR FLAG)
Direct translations of the German term Kaiserliche Kriegsflagge, and referring to the war ensigns in use from 1871 – 1919 – see ‘war flag 1)’ and ‘war flag 2)’ (also ‘state war flag’).

mperial War Ensign of Germany mperial War Ensign of Germany mperial War Ensign of Germany
Kaiserliche Kriegsflaggen/Imperial War Ensigns of Germany 1871-1892, 1892-1903 and 1903–1919 (fotw)


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