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Dictionary of Vexillology: H (Hooch flag - Hussar Cut)

Last modified: 2020-09-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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In US military usage (particularly during the Vietnam War) the colloquial term for a small, entirely unofficial, company or unit flag.

See ‘swastika’.

[honour point]
Flag of the National Socialist Front, Sweden (fotw)

See ‘bicolour 1)’ and ‘bicolour 2)’ (also ‘over’).

Niederösterreich, Austria Niederösterreich, Austria
Civil Flag of Niederösterreich, Austria (fotw); Naval Jack of Ukraine (fotw)

See ‘off-centred cross2)’ and ‘Scandinavian cross’ (also ‘Latin cross’).

horizontal Latin cross horizontal Latin cross
Flag of Domingos Martins, Brazil (fotw); Flag of the Aland Islands (fotw)

See ‘meridian’.

horizontal meridian

See ‘multi-stripe’.

Aragon, Spain multistripe
Flag of Aragon, Spain (fotw); Flag of Minorca, Spain (fotw)

See ‘triband 1)’ and ‘triband 2)’.

Argentina Argentina
National Flag of Argentina (fotw); Civil Flag of Nicaragua (fotw)

See ‘tricolour 1)’ and ‘tricolour 2)’.

horizontal tricolour horizontal tricolour
National Flag of Croatia (fotw); National Flag of the Netherlands (fotw)

1) Concerning a musical instrument in heraldry see ‘bugle horn’.
2) Concerning an animal in heraldry see ‘attire(s)’.

horn horn  horn horn
Flag and Arms of Troubky, Czechia (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Trzebiel, Poland (fotw)

In heraldry see ‘attired’.

[Mettembert] [Mettembert]
Flag and Arms of Mettembert, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)

See ‘cornucopia’.

Bakersfield seal Bakersfield
Seal and Flag of Bakersfield, US (wikipedia and fotw)

The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative, post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but see note below - an ‘Italian shield’.

 horse-head shield
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)

Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.

1) In heraldry a charge that, unless blazoned otherwise should always be shown with its open ends downward – a fer-de-cheval see also ‘blazon’).
2) In vexillology a charge, sometimes undetailed, that has no specific orientation.

horseshoe horseshoe horseshoe
Flag of Dribin, Belarus (fotw); Arms and Flag of Poczesna, Poland (fotw)

A decoration for military flags, especially in China where it is usually red; made of real or simulated horsehair and is almost certainly descended from a Mongolian vexilloid (see also ‘tugh 1)’).

Please note that the standards of some former French cavalry units (notably the Spahis originally raised in North Africa) were also decorated by horsetails - see ‘toug’.

See ‘tugh 1)’ and ‘toug’.

[horsetail standards]
Turkish Horsetail Standards (worldimages)

1) The distinguishing flag or pennant of a merchant marine company flown at sea by ships owned or managed by that company, and from their headquarters on shore – a shipping or shipping company house flag or pennant (see also ‘flags and funnels’, ‘logo’, ‘pennant 2)’) and ‘whaling flags’.
2) See ‘corporate flag’.
3) The personal flag of the owner of a pleasure vessel or home – a private signal (see also ‘personal flag 2)’).
4) See ‘battle flag 2)’.

[houseflag example] [houseflag example] [houseflag example] [houseflag example]
Black Diamond Co, Canada (fotw); Green and Co., US (fotw); Alaska Steamship Co., US (fotw); White Star Line, UK (fotw)

In Continental usage those terms, and translations of the German hausmarken or housmarke, that may be used to describe the symbol or symbols used by non-armigerous tradesmen in place of a coat of arms – a house brand or merchant mark (see also ‘armigerous’, ‘coat of arms 2)’ and ‘mark 2)’)

[house mark example] [house mark example] [house mark example]  [house mark example]  [house mark example]
Flag and Arms of Hiddensee Island, Germany (fotw & Wikipedia); Arms of Bobenheim am Berg Germany, Grantschen, Germany and of Lamprechtshausen, Austria (Wikipedia).

See ‘house flag 1)’.

[house pennant example]
Housewimpel/House Pennant of The Blue Star Line, UK (fotw)

Please note that the correct term in English language vexillology is house pennant - see ‘wimpel’ and following note.

In heraldry see ‘bugle horn’.

[hunting horn example] [hunting horn example]
Arms and Flag of Bilje, Croatia (fotw)

The heraldic term for a blue disc – a roundel azure (see also ‘bezant’, ‘plates’, ‘roundel 3)’ and ‘torteau’).

[hurt example] [hurt example] [hurt example]
Hurt example, Flag of Lenzburg, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Bodenfelde, Germany (fotw)

Please note that in strict English heraldic usage this term should only be applied when the charge described in blue (“azure”) – see ‘tinctures’.

In Scandinavian (particularly Finnish) usage the colloquial term, and a direct translation of the Finnish “isännänviiri” or Swedish “husbondsvimpel”, used for a provincial wimpel – see ‘provincial wimpel’ (also ‘wimpel’).

[husband flag example]
Husband Pennant/Provincial Wimpel of Kainuu, Finland (fotw)

A variation of the swallow-tail in which the cut in the fly of the flag is shaped by several curves, and was formerly typical of the flags used by Prussian later German cavalry regiments (see also ‘descate’, ‘palm’, ‘guidon 2)’, ‘indentation(s)’, ‘rounded swallow-tail’ and ‘swallow-tail(ed)’).

[Hussar cut example] [Hussar cut example] [Hussar cut example]
2nd Hussar Regiment, Prussia c1740 (fotw); Cavalry Guidons, Hamburg 1709 (fotw)

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