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Dictionary of Vexillology: I (Invected - Italian Shield)

Last modified: 2022-08-27 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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(adj) The alternative heraldic terms used when a division in the field of a banner of arms or shield, or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of projecting curves or half circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing outward and the points inward - invecked, envecked, or invecqued - see ‘engrailed’ (also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘ordinary’, ‘shield’, and ‘scalloped’).

oberhof, Switzerland Lazne Belohrad, Czechia Lazne Belohrad, Czechia 
Flag of Oberhof, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Vestre Slidre, Norway (fotw)

1) On flags a term which may be used when a charge or charges, that are (or that may be) orientated vertically, are shown as being turned upside down (see also ‘chevron’, ‘pall’ and ‘pile’).
2) In heraldry see ‘reversed 2)’.

Cirkulane, Slovenia Cirkulane, Slovenia Menarguens, Spain
Flag and Arms of Cirkulane, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Knjaževac, Serbia (fotw)

See ‘chevron 1)’ and ‘chevron 2)’.

Marsaskala, Malta
Flag of Birżebbuġa, Malta (fotw)

See ‘pall 1)’.

Kråkerøy, Norway
Flag of Kråkerøy, Norway (fotw)

See ‘pile 1)’.

inverted pile
Flag of Šárovcova Lhota, Czechia (fotw)

See ‘triangle 2)’.

[Gay triangle flag]
A Gay Triangle Flag (fotw)

See ‘St. Patrick's Cross’ and its following note..

[St. Patrick's Cross]

The term (derived from an originally Prussian later German military decoration) that describes a distinctly Germanic form of the cross pattee – see ‘cross pattée’ and ‘Teutonic cross’ (also ‘balkenkreuz’ and ‘Hanseatic cross’).

[German Naval Jack] [Iron Cross] [iron cross]
Naval Jack 1903–1919 (fotw); Iron Cross 1813, Prussia (Wikipedia); Flag of the Defense Minister 1933-1935, Germany (fotw)

a) The above term should only be used when the cross pattée being described is black, carries a white or silver border and/or is of Germanic origin.
b) Although based upon a military decoration this cross was ultimately derived from the symbol of the Medieval Teutonic Order as referenced above.

The alternative heraldic terms used when a charge emerges out of the base of a field or a chief, from an ordinary or from the upper edge of a fess, or from a coronet. – issant or rising from – but see note below and ‘naissant 1)’ (also ‘charge 1)’, ‘chief’, ‘coronet 1)’ and ‘fess’).

issuant issuant issuant
Flag of Gempenach, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Lindlar, Germany (fotw): Flag of Sâles, Switzerland (fotw)

Please note that in modern heraldry the term for a charge or figure emerging from the side of a shield, banner of arms or a flag is naissant - see ‘naissant 1)’.

See ‘provincial crown 1)’.

Italian provincial crown
Flag of Alessandria, Italy (fotw)

The term sometimes used to describe a shield of the decorative, post-medieval type most often seen in Italian personal and civic heraldry but see note below - a horse-head shield (also ‘Renaissance Shield’).

horse-head shield
The Arms of Messina, Italy (ita24)

Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.

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