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Dictionary of Vexillology: E (Enamels - Enhanced Bend Sinister)

Last modified: 2022-07-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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An alternative term for the basic colours used in heraldry as illustrated below - see ‘tinctures’.

tincture tincture tincture tincture tincture
From left: Gules, Azure, Vert, Purpure and Sable

An alternative heraldic term covering arched and embowed - see ‘arched’ and ‘embowed’.

 [enarched example]
Flag of Nebikon, Switzerland (fotw)

A medieval term, now obsolete, for a mounted standard bearer (see also ‘balcanifer’).

enceniator example
Royal Standard Bearer/Enceniator, England c1450 (Wikipedia)

1. The alternative terms that are used when a continuous line, or number of smaller charges are placed in a circular (or near circular) pattern around a larger one - encompassed.
2. Terms that are also used (albeit inaccurately) to describe a border set around or within a non-circular centre such as a shield - in heraldry see ‘orle’.

encircled example encircled example encircled example
Flag of Hamilton, Canada (fotw); Flag of Chuuk, Micronesia (fotw); Flag of the Maryland National Guard, US (fotw)

See ‘covering 1)’ and ‘overall 2)

 Bremen Almería
State Flag of Bremen, Germany (fotw); Flag of Almería, Spain (fotw)

An alternative heraldic term for indented - see ‘indented 1)’.

Flag of Munxar, Malta (fotw)

See ‘triangular-ended’.

 Donja Dubrava
Gonfalon of Donja Dubrava, Croatia (fotw)

1) An alternative heraldic term to pallet - see 'pallet' and 2) below.
2) The heraldic term which can describe a vertical stripe that is one-half the width of a 'pallet' as referenced above.

[endorse example] [endorse example]
Arms and Flag of Vila Boa de Ousilhão, Portugal (fotw)

An alternative heraldic term to addorsed - see ‘addorsed’.

Aure, Norway Aure, Norway
Former Arms and Flag of Aure, Norway (fotw)

An alternative heraldic term to inflamed - see ‘inflamed’.

[enflamed example] [enflamed example]
Arms and Flag of Velika Kopahnica, Croatia (fotw)

(adj) A heraldic term for where a division in the field of a banner of arms or shield, a border or the edge of an ordinary, is cut into a series of indented curves or half circles strung together - that is with the half-circles facing inward and points outward - ingrailed - see ‘invected’ (also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘banner of arms’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘ordinary’ ‘shield’, and ‘scalloped’).

Engrailed Engrailed Engrailed
Flag of Wennigsen at Deister, Germany (fotw); Flag of Sögel, Germany (fotw); Flag of Hoogland, The Netherlands (fotw)

See ‘engrailed’.

cross engrailed cross engrailed
Arms and Flag of Espinho, Portugal (fotw)

(adj) A term for a form of flag, now largely but not entirely obsolete, whose fly either came to a point or was extended by a central projection, but in which both sides form a concave arc (see also ‘engrailed’, ‘ogival’), ‘stepped fly’ and ‘schwenkel’).

Tunis 14th century Sibenik, Croatia 14th century Aragon, Spain 13th century 
14th Century Flag of Tunis (fotw), 14th Century Flag of Šibenik, Croatia (fotw); 13th Century Flag of Aragon (fotw)

a) This is not an established term, but has been introduced by the Editors since no established alternative could be found.
b) At the time of writing it is unclear as to whether the flag having a straight-sided but angled fly (as illustrated below) should be considered as “engrailed” or “stepped” – see ‘stepped fly’.

1) A heraldic term for when the main ordinary on a shield, banner of arms or flag is borne higher that its usual position – raised (see also ‘abased’, ‘banner of arms’ and ‘ordinary’).
2) A term that may also be used when a shield is placed in a higher position than is normal (see also ‘shield 1)’).

enhanced examples enhanced examples enhanced examples
Flag of Gibraltar (fotw); Flag of Craywick, France (fotw); Flag of Světlá nad Sázavou, Czechia (fotw)

Please note however, that enhanced has a slightly different meaning when applied to the vexillological terms enhanced bend and enhanced bend sinister given below.

See ‘north-south diagonal’ (also ‘Appendix IX’).

[enhanced bend example]

See ‘south-north diagonal’ (also ‘Appendix IX’).

[enhanced bend sinister example]

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