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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cross of Anjou - Cross of Victory)

Last modified: 2022-04-02 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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CROSS OF ANJOU
See ‘cross of Lorraine’ and its following note.

cross of anjou
Flag of Merzig, Germany (fotw)


CROSS OF ATHLETICS
The term, and a colloquial translation of the German “turnerkreuz”, which may be used to describe a cross formed from four capital letter F's and is thus voided – an athletics' or athletic cross (see also ‘cross 1)’, ‘cross-voided’ and ‘voided’).

Albis Steam Shipping Darmstádter Turngemeinde 1844
Flag of the Albis Steam Shipping Company 1897, Germany (fotw); Flag of the Darmstádter Turngemeinde 1844, Germany (fotw)


CROSS OF AVIS
See ‘avis cross’.

Avis Cross Avis Cross Avis Cross
Putative Banner of Arms of the Avis Order, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Benavente, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS OF BURGUNDY
See ‘ragged cross’.

Spanish Infantry colour ca 1600
Spanish Infantry Colour c1600 (fotw)


CROSS OF CALATRAVA
A symbol of the Spanish Order of Calatrava and a particularly Hispanic form of the cross fleury - an Iberian cross – see ‘cross fleury’ (also ‘avis cross’).

Cross of Calatrava Cross of Calatrava  Cross of Calatrava
Flag of Almagro, Spain (fotw); Flag of Aldea del Rey, Spain (fotw); Flag of the Order at Alcaudete, Spain (fotw)


CROSS OF CALVARY (or CROSS OF CRUCIFIXION)
The alternative heraldic terms for a (normally but not exclusively) Latin cross that does not usually (although it may) extend to the edges of a shield, flag, panel or flag, but which is mounted on three steps – a cross of crucifixion, Calvary cross or Calvary - see ‘Latin cross’.

Calvary cross Calvary cross Calvary cross
Flag of Atalaia e Alto Estanqueiro-Jardia, Portugal (fotw); Arms of Alreiro, Portugal (Antonio Martins); Flag of Madalena, Portugal (fotw); 


CROSS OF EIGHT POINTS
1) See ‘Maltese cross 2)
2) A cross which has eight outward facing points, but the sides of whose arms are parallel – see ‘cross fourche’.

cross of eight points cross of eight points cross of eight points
Flag of Portel, Portugal (fotw); Arms of Pontével, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Mozhginsky District, Russia (fotw)


CROSS OF JERUSALEM
1) A term occasionally used to describe a cross potent – see ‘cross potent
2) See ‘Jerusalem cross’.

Jerusalem Cross Jerusalem Cross
Flag of the Scouts of San Jordi, France (fotw); Flag of the Kingdom of Jerusalem 1162 – 1191 (fotw)

 
CROSS OF LORRAINE
A cross in which two horizontal arms cross the vertical arm, and currently seen on the arms and alternative national flag of Hungary, the arms and national flag of Slovakia plus the arms and state flag of Lithuania – a cross patriarchal, patriarchal cross, archiepiscopal cross or cross of Anjou, a double or double-armed cross, Jagiellonian cross – but see ‘Vytis cross’ (also ‘armorial bearings’, ‘cross 2)’, ‘national flag 1)’ ‘one-and-a-half armed cross’, ‘orthodox cross’, papal cross’, ‘two-and-a-half armed cross’ and ‘state flag 1)’).

Free France 1940-44 Slovakia Arms Slovakia
From left: The Flag of Free France 1940-44; The National Arms and Flag of Slovakia

Please note that the terms cross of Lorraine, cross of Anjou, cross patriarchal and archiepiscopal cross are now considered interchangeable, however, in strict usage the crosses of Lorraine and Anjou (unlike the others) should both have horizontal arms of equal length. see supplemental note

[Cross of Lorraine]
Cross of Lorraine and of Anjou according to strict usage


CROSS OF PISA
A variation of the cross clechee, and (as far as can be discovered) unique to Pisa, which has a white (or argent), twelve-pointed cross with a roundel of the same colour placed at each of those points – compare with ‘occitan cross’ (see also ‘cross 2)’, ‘cross clechée’ and ‘roundel 2)’).

Cross of Pisa
Flag of Pisa, Italy (fotw)


CROSS OF ST ANDREW
See ‘St Andrew’s Cross

Scotland
National Flag of Scotland (fotw)


CROSS OF ST ANTHONY
In heraldry see ‘cross tau’ (also ‘acorn cross’) 

St. Antönien, Switzerland St Antönien-Ascharina, Switzerland
Arms and Flag of St. Antönien-Ascharina, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)


CROSS OF ST GEORGE
See ‘St George’s Cross’

[England]
Flag of England (fotw)


CROSS OF ST JAMES
See ‘cross of Santiago’.

[Cross of St. James] [Cross of St. James]
Flag and Arms of Algorfa, Spain (fotw)


CROSS OF ST PATRICK
See ‘St Patrick’s Cross


CROSS OF SANTIAGO
The sword-like cross of the Spanish/Portuguese Order of St James – a cross fleury fitchy – see ‘cross fitchy’ and ‘cross fleury’.

cross of Santiago cross of Santiago
Flag and Arms of Quinta do Conde, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Ferreira do Alentejo, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST JAMES
See ‘Cross of Santiago

cross of Santiago cross of Santiago
Flag and Arms of Santiago, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF SANTO DOMINGO (or CROSS OF THE ORDER OF ST DOMINIC)
See ‘Dominican cross’.

cross - Order of Santo Domingo
Flag of Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF THE KNIGHTS OF CHRIST (CROSS OF THE ORDER OF CHRIST'S KNIGHTS or OF CHRIST)
A red cross pattée surmounted by a white Greek Cross being the former symbol of the medieval Iberian Order of the Knights of Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Cristo) which now forms the air force roundel of Portugal, and is often seen on the sub-national flags of both Portugal and Spain – a Cross of the Order of Christ, a Cross of the Order of Christ's Knights or a Christ’s Knight’s Cross - but see note below (also ‘cross pattée’, ‘Greek Cross 2)’, ‘roundel 1)’, ‘surmounted by’ and ‘voided

Clube de Futebol, Portugal Madeira, Portugal Ladoeiro, Portugal
Flag of the Clube de Futebol “Os Belenenses”, Portugal (fotw); Air Force Roundel, Portugal (fotw); Flag of Lourosa, Portugal (fotw)

Notes
a) This not a voided cross, but is properly described in heraldic terms as “a cross pattée Gules surmounted by a cross-couped Argent” - as described and referenced above.
b) Later variants may be based upon a Latin rather that a Greek Cross as in the example shown below (see ‘Latin cross’).

São Paulo
Flag of São Paulo, Brazil (fotw)


CROSS OF THE ORDER OF THE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
See ‘templar cross’.

Maltese cross 
A Templar Cross (Wikipedia)


CROSS OF (THE ORDER OF) ST JOHN OF JERUSALEM
See ‘Maltese cross’.

Maltese cross  Maltese cross  Maltese cross
Flag of St John's Ambulance Brigade, (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ivanec, Croatia (fotw)


CROSS OF THE PORTUGUESE KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
See ‘rounded cross’.

rounded cross Outeiro Major, Portugal Outeiro Major, Portigal
Putative Banner of the Portuguese Knights Templar (fotw); Arms and Flag of Outeiro Major, Portugal (Sérgio Horta)


CROSS OF TOULOUSE
See ‘Occitan cross’.

Cross of Toulouse Cross of Toulouse
Flag and Arms of Languedoc, France (fotw & Wikipedia)


CROSS OF VICTORY
In Spanish, particularly Asturian, usage, a form of the cross bottony (most often a Latin cross bottony) – see ‘cross botonny’ and ‘Latin cross’.

Asturias Gozon
Flag of Asturias, Spain (fotw); Flag of Gozón, Spain (fotw)


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