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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cross Fitchy - Cross Moline)

Last modified: 2021-06-19 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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CROSS FITCHY
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, and which may have plain or decorated ends, but whose vertical arm either comes to a point or has a point projecting below it – see ‘cross of Santiago’ (also ‘cross 2)’).

cross-fitchy example cross-fitchy example Avinyó, Spain
Examples; Flag of Avinyó, Spain (fotw)

Please note that, unless referring to a plain cross this term is always accompanied by a further description, for example a “cross crosslet fitchy”.


CROSS FIXED
One heraldic term that covers a standard cross - see ‘cross 1)’.

fixed cross fixed cross
Flag and Arms of Nijland, The Netherlands (fotw & Wikipedia)


CROSS FLEURY (FLORY, FLORETTY or FLEURONNY)
The alternative heraldic terms for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, but whose ends are formed by fleur-de-lis – a fleur-de-lis or fleury cross, avis cross or cross of Calatrava (see also ‘avis cross’, ‘cross 2)’, ‘Dominican cross’, ‘fleur-de-lis’ and ‘fleury’ plus ‘cross of Calatrava’).

cross fleury cross fleury cross fleury cross fleury
Arms and Flag of Montoito, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Seda, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS FLEURY ENGRAILED
See ‘cross fleury’ (also ‘engrailed’.

Flintshire, Wales Flintshire, Wales
Flag and arms of Flintshire, Wales (fotw & Wikipedia)


CROSS FLEURY FITCHY
The heraldic term for a cross of Santiago - see ‘cross of Santiago’.

example Guriezo, Spain Sao Barnabé, Portugal
Arms and Flag of Quinta do Conde, Portugal (fotw); Arms of São Barnabé, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS FLEURY GIRONNY
The heraldic term for a Dominican cross - see ‘Dominican cross’.

cross fleury gironny cross fleury gironny
Example; Flag of Aldeanueva de Santa Cruz, Spain (fotw)


CROSS FORMÉE (FORMÉ or FORMY)
Alternative heraldic terms for a cross pattée - see ‘cross pattée’.

cross formee cross formee
Arms and Flag of Albisrieden, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)


CROSS FORMY ROUNDED
A heraldic term for a rounded cross - see ‘rounded cross’.

cross formy rounded cross formy rounded
Arms and Flag of Paços de Ferreira, Portugal (fotw)


CROSS FOURCHÉ (or FOURCHÉE)
The heraldic term used when a cross (of whatever type) has forked ends – a cross fourchee but see ‘cross moline’ and ‘forked cross’ (also ‘cross of eight points’, ‘Maltese cross’ and ‘fourche’).

cross fourche cross fourche cross couped cross couped 
Flag and Arms of Salgesch, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Faido, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)

Please note that, unless dealing with a simple cross, this term should never be used alone, but always with the type involved – for example a “cross pattée fourché” or “Latin cross fourché” as illustrated above.


CROSS-FUSILLY
An alternative heraldic term for a cross clechee - see ‘cross-clechée’.

cross-fusilly cross-fusilly
Arms and Flag of La Tallada d'Empordà, Spain (ICH & fotw)


CROSS GRINGOLÉE
The heraldic term for a snakehead cross - see ‘snakehead cross’.

cross gringolee
(Wikipedia)


CROSS GYRONNY
The heraldic term for a cross that may or may not extend to the edges of a shield, flag or panel, but is composed of two tinctures meeting at the centre point and alternating either side of the vertical and horizontal meridians (thus giving it a three-dimensional appearance) – a gyronny cross - see ‘gyronny’ and compare with ‘cross-counterchanged (also ‘Dominican cross’, ‘faceted’ and ‘tincture’).


From left: Cross Gyronny Example; Flag and Arms of Kreis Safien, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Studnice, Czechia (fotw)

Notes
a) Unless describing a plain cross throughout, this term should always be accompanied by a further description, for example a “cross fleury gyronny couped”.
b) A cross whose centre is obscured by a charge (as illustrated below) could be described as either a cross gyronny or a cross-counterchanged, however, the term ‘cross quartered’ has now come into use - see ‘cross quartered’.


Flag of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain (fotw)


CROSS HUMETTY
The heraldic term for a Greek cross - see ‘Greek cross 2)’ (also ‘cross-couped’).

cross humetty cross humetty
National Ensign and Arms of Switzerland (fotw)


CROSS-LOZENGY
An alternative heraldic term for a cross clechee - see ‘cross clechée’.

example example
Arms and Flag of Verdal, Norway (fotw)


CROSS MALTESE
The correct heraldic term for a Maltese cross - see ‘Maltese cross’.

maltese cross maltese cross
Flag and Arms of Hvozd, Czechia (fotw)


CROSS MOLINE
The heraldic term for a cross which does not usually extend to the edges of a shield, flag, canton or panel, but whose ends are split into two curved pieces – an anchor or moline cross or a cross anchory (see also ‘cross 2)’, ‘cross fourche’, ‘fourche’ and ‘snakehead cross’).


Flag of Annœullin, France (fotw); Arms of Houlle, France (Wikipedia); Flag and Arms of Torsken, Norway (fotw)


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