- An emblem or design representing a government, a branch within that government or a person that, when embossed
upon or affixed to a document, proves its authenticity or which validates a legal
instrument. The reproduction of an official seal often appears on US sub-national
flags – see ‘seal of the state of’ (also
‘quadrant 1)’, ‘seal flag’,
‘seal on a bedsheet’,
‘sub-national flag’ and
‘state flag 2)’).
State Seals of Minnesota, and Utah with the municipal seal of Bakersfield, US (fotw, official and
Wikipedia); Seal of
Subotica, Serbia (fotw)
Please note, that whilst a seal originally showed
the user’s badge or parts of their armorial bearings (and was used to create an
impression on wax or lead), when seen on flags today it is generally not (particularly in US usage) a coat
of arms as defined herein (see also ‘anti-heraldry’).
- SEAL FLAG
- A term for the flag whose main charge consists of a seal as defined herein, set largely (but not
exclusively) on a plain field and most often seen in the flags of US states and government agencies (see also
‘plain 2)’ and ‘seal’).
Flag of Utah, US (fotw); Flag of
Missouri, US (fotw);
Flag of the Dept of Energy, US (fotw); Flag of Subotica, Serbia (fotw)
a) This term has been introduced by the Editors as being more appropriate than
those (sometimes) currently in use – see ‘logo on a bedsheet’
and ‘seal on a bedsheet’.
b) In US usage flags of his type are often derived from
previously established military colours.
- SEAL OF THE STATE OF
- In largely (but not exclusively) US usage, the seal relating to a specific state of the union – see ‘seal’ (also
Seals of the States of Florida, Utah,
Maryland, US (fotw and Wikipedia)
- SEAL OF SOLOMON
- See ‘magen david’ and its following note
National flag and Emblem of Morocco (fotw)
- SEAL ON A BEDSHEET
- 1) A term that is intended to be derogatory, to apply particularly to sub-national
flags in the US and to describe any such flag that bears a seal (as opposed to another
form of charge) upon a plain field – but see ‘seal flag’ (also
‘logo on a bedsheet’ plus its following note
2) As above, but the term may (albeit inaccurately) include flags bearing a coat of arms rather than a
seal – see ‘armorial flag’.
New Hampshire, US (fotw); Flag of
Idaho, US (fotw); Flag of
Minnesota, US (fotw); Flag of
New York, US (fotw)
- SEA-LION (or SEA LION)
- In heraldry the term used to describe a charge in the form of a
mythological creature that is part lion and part fish – see ‘heraldic beasts’.
Arms of Portsmouth, UK (fotw); Flag of
Libreville, Gabon (fotw); Arms of
Devon, UK (fotw)
- SECOND CANTON (or QUARTER)
- Terms covering that quarter of a flag which occupies the upper fly - the second quarter,
upper fly or upper fly canton – see ‘canton 3)’
(also ‘hoist 1)’).
- SECOND COLOUR (or COLOR)
- An old term, now rarely used outside the British and Canadian foot guards,
for the regimental colour (see also
‘colour 2’ and
Second/Regimental Colour of the Governor General’s Foot Guards, Canada (Official Website)
- 1) In vexillology a term that is used to describe the section (or sections) of a
charge or field which meet at, or emanate from, a central point.
2) See ‘gyronny’.
Roundel of Czechia; a Flag of
Peniche, Portugal (fotw); Roundel of
- SECTOR FLAGS/PENNANTS
- See ‘registration flags’.
Sector/Registration flag, One Department of Rochefort, France (fotw)
- 1) See ‘faceted’.
2) In vexillology a term that may be used in place of the heraldic “gyronny”
when a charge or field is divided into sections in (usually) alternating or different
shades/colours meeting at a central point – but see ‘gyronny’.
Gornji Grad, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of CONAIL, Ecuador (Antonio Martins);
Symbol of the Ratana faith, New Zealand (fotw)
- The heraldic term used when describing the centre of a rose, other flower
or flower-like charge, particularly when this is of a different tincture - but
see ‘barbed’ (also ‘tincture’).
Flag of Lancashire, UK (fotw);
Flag of Lippe, Germany (fotw);
Flag of Hampshire, UK (fotw);
Flag of Schwändi, Switzerland (fotw)
Please note that botany draws a distinction between the stamen and seedpods of a rose or other flower, whereas English heraldry does not.
- SEGMENTED (or SEGMENTAL)
- See ‘faceted’ and
(also ‘sector(s) 1)’).
Flag of Mollis, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of
Balneário Camboriú, Brazil (fotw)
- The heraldic term used in place of rampant when applied to a griffon whose wings are generally expanded – see ‘rampant’.
Military Crest of Michigan, US (fotw); Flag of
Boksburg, South Africa 1981–1994 (fotw)
- An alternative heraldic term to couchant - see ‘couchant’.
Arms and Flag of Stjørdal, Norway (fotw)
- SELVEDGE (or SELVAGE)
- The outer edges of a length of cloth so woven that the threads do not unravel,
and used to minimize the area of a flag which might otherwise be lost through hemming
– most particularly in those flags formerly made from breadths of fabric (see also