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Anhalt 1919-1935 (Germany)

State of Anhalt, Land Anhalt

Last modified: 2011-06-13 by german editorial team
Keywords: anhalt | land anhalt |
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[Anhalt Civil Flag 1919-1935 (Germany)] 3:5
by Marcus Schmöger
Flag adopted 1863, readopted 18th July 1919, abolished 1935, used unofficially 1990



See also:


Introduction

[Anhalt is a] small former German Duchy on [the River] Elbe southwest of Berlin. (...) It became a republic after World War One. After World War Two, was combined with the former Prussian Province of Saxony to become the state (Land) of Sachsen-Anhalt (abolished [1952], but then later re-established [1991]).

Norman Martin, 7 February 2001

From 1918 till 1945 Anhalt was a Land. According to Chamber's World Gazetteer 1954 it was a German constituent republic, and until 1918 a duchy. Duke Joachim Ernst abdicated on 12 November 1918, after which Anhalt became a republic.

Jarig Bakker, 9 February 2001


Civil Flag

Landesflagge

[Anhalt Civil Flag 1919-1935 (Germany)] 3:5
by Marcus Schmöger
Flag adopted 1863, readopted 18th July 1919, abolished 1935, used unofficially 1990

Horizontal tricolor red-green-white. In use until 1935.

Norman Martin, March 1998

The 1918 constitution, article 1, stated that the traditional red-green-white flag of Anhalt remained unchanged, so this was the official colour disposition. Rosenfeld 1883 reported a quite unusual (but heraldically correct) red-white-green flag for Anhalt. I have no other evidence for such a colour disposition.

Mario Fabretto, 24 August 1998

Flag: red-green-white. Coat-of-arms: a bear on a brick wall. Source: Nederlandsche Algemeene Encyclopaedie (the Dutch Brockhaus), c.1932.

Jarig Bakker, 9 February 2001

The constitution of the Freistaat Anhalt of 18th July 1919 confirmed the colours red-green-white [of the Duchy of Anhalt from 1863-1918], that were used until 1935. (...) After 1945 the Anhalt colours were not used officially; however, as already mentioned, in 1990 they were used inofficially for some time. Sources: Günther 1995/96, Arndt 1979, Znamierowski 1999.

Marcus Schmöger, 12 March 2001


State Flag

Landesdienstflagge

The Anhalt state flag 1924-1935 (...) was the triband with the arms [same as those used briefly in 1990], but I do not know about the size and exact position of the arms.

Marcus Schmöger, 8 March 2001

I have no information how the state service flag looked like — all my sources just show the simple triband as Landesflagge (civil flag).

Marcus Schmöger, 12 March 2001


Civil Flag Variant

[Anhalt Civil Flag Variant 1919-1935 (Germany)] 3:5
by Marcus Schmöger

As an alternative to red-green-white, simple green-white was also used for a long time. Even in 1928 the Grosse Brockhaus encyclopedia said:

Land's colours: red-green-white, used in the Land's flag in horizontal stripes; however in most cases just green and white are used.

Marcus Schmöger, 12 March 2001


 
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