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House Flags of U.S. Shipping Companies: T

Last modified: 2020-07-04 by rob raeside
Keywords: united states shipping lines |
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TAK Shipping Co.

[TAK Shipping Co.] image by Joe McMillan

TAK Shipping Co, New York
I have no information at all on this company.  Its flag was blue with a white cipher resembling a reversed P joined to a K.
Source: US Navy's 1961 H.O.

Joe McMillan, 25 November 2001

Tak Shipping Co. I presume this is the Tak Shipping Corporation shown in the 1950s with the logo suggesting an association with Pack & Kahn Inc. and with Brown 1982 showing a red flag with white logo in the latter name although having the "P" rounded.

Neale Rosanoski, 12 April 2004

Tampa Interocean Steamship Co.

[Tampa Interocean Steamship Co.] image by Joe McMillan

Tampa Interocean Steamship Co., New Orleans and Tampa (1920s-30s)
Tampa Interocean was one of the many small companies founded in the years following World War I using surplus vessels provided by the U.S. Shipping Board. It evidently specialized in trade between the U.S. Gulf coast and the Caribbean and South America--Lykes Brothers traditional turf--and was apparently driven out of business along with other challengers by cutthroat competition from Lykes. The flag was a white burgee with a red stripe along the upper edge, a blue one along the bottom, and the letters GWML in blue on the white area. I have no idea what these letters stood for.
Source: Talbot-Booth (1937)

Joe McMillan, 26 November 2001

Tampa Interocean Steamship Co. According to Talbot-Booth (Merchant Ships series) the letters stood for "Gulf West Mediterranean Line" which presumably was the service name. He also states that the company was controlled by Lykes so they were not in competition and their disappearance was probably due to rationalization.

Neale Rosanoski, 12 April 2004

W. and J. T. Tapscott

[W. and J. T. Tapscott] image by Joe McMillan

W. and J. T. Tapscott, New York (1840s-1850s)
The following description of the Tapscott firm is from
William Tapscott was an "American Packet ship" broker, who kept offices on Regent's road, Liverpool, and Eden Quay, Dublin. He worked in conjunction with his brother James, who was New York-based and specialized in selling prepaid passages to established immigrants who now wished to bring over loved ones. Details of their activities are published at the The Ships List.

 The Tapscott brothers' flag resembled that of Grinnell & Minturn. It was a white and blue burgee divided by a line following the cut of the tail, with the letters TL in blue in the hoist. Since G&M's Blue Swallowtail Line was one of the leading companies running ships between New York and Liverpool, the resemblance may indicate an affiliation between the two companies.
Source: chart of "Private Signals of the Merchants of New York"

Joe McMillan, 26 November 2001

Moses Taylor

[Moses Taylor] image by Joe McMillan

Moses Taylor, New York (mid-19th century)
Moses Taylor (1806-1882) was one of the giants of the New York business world in the 19th century and, adjusting for inflation, one of the richest men ever. He began as a clerk in what would become the great trading firm of Howland & Aspinwall, then left to form his own company that would eventually grow into today's Citibank. He had interests in iron, coal, and railroads as well as shipping. His most important maritime venture was as a leading partner in Cyrus Field's New York, Newfoundland, and London Telegraph Company, formed in 1854-55, and in the successor firm, the Atlantic Cable Company, that finally succeeded in laying the first transatlantic telegraph cable in 1866. Taylor's house flag was white with a black T flanked by two red Greek crosses.
Source: chart of "Private Signals of the Merchants of New York"

Joe McMillan, 26 November 2001

Taylor and Hitch

[Taylor and Hitch] image by Joe McMillan

Taylor and Hitch, New York (mid-19th century)
I don't know if this firm had any connection to Moses Taylor, nor do I have anything else about it. The flag was a burgee divided white over blue, with the letters J.A. in blue in the upper half and W in white in the lower.
Source: chart of "Private Signals of the Merchants of New York"

Joe McMillan, 26 November 2001

Taylor and Merrill's Black Star Line

[Taylor and Merrill's Black Star Line] image by Joe McMillan

Taylor and Merrill's Black Star Line
I previously reported this company simply as the Black Star Line, believing it might be the same as the more well-known Black Star Line of Williams and Guion. I believe I mentioned that this connection was incorrect, but don't believe I provided the correct background on it. It belonged to Robert L. Taylor and Nathaniel W. Merrill and served the busy New York-Liverpool route in the late 19th century. The flag was a red swallowtail with a black star.
Sources: Manning (1874) and Palmer's List of Merchant Vessels at

Joe McMillan, 26 November 2001

Terminal Steamship Co.

[Terminal Steamship Co.] image by Joe McMillan

Terminal Steamship Co., Bridgeport, CT (1920s-1960s)
Terminal Steamship was still another of the firms founded with surplus vessels after World War I. Unlike most of the others, it seems to have survived at least into the 1960s, but I know nothing of what became of it after that. The flag looked rather like that of Lebanon, or maybe a cross between Canada and New England: red with a green pine tree on a white Canadian pale.
Source: US Navy's 1961 H.O.

Joe McMillan, 26 November 2001

Texas City Refining Co.

[Texas City Refining Co.] image by Joe McMillan

Texas City Refining Co., Texas City, Tex. (1908-?)
Texas City is located near Galveston. The refinery company was chartered in 1908, shortly after the discovery of commercial quantities of oil at the Spindletop well. The refinery handled crude from central Texas and inland and used its small fleet of tankers to export its products. I don't know if it is still in operation or whether the company still exists as a separate entity. The flag was green with the company logo in yellow, a rectangular frame with engrailed corners surrounding a yellow diagonal bar with the initials TCR in green.
Sources: US Navy's 1961 H.O., Stewart & Styring (1963)

Joe McMillan, 28 November 2001

Texaco, Inc.

[Texaco, Inc.]       [Texaco, Inc.] images by Joe McMillan

Texaco, Inc., New York (1897-2001)
Texaco, formerly the Texas Company, needs little explanation. Founded in 1897 as the Texas Fuel Company, it grew over the years into one of the world's great energy enterprises. Texaco's separate existence ended on 9 October 2001, when it merged with Chevron, Inc. (once Standard Oil of California) to become Chevron-Texaco. It had previously been closely associated with Chevron in several joint ventures outside the United States, most notably Caltex and the Arabian-American Oil Company. Texaco's tanker fleet was once one of the largest under the U.S. flag. While it is still large, Lloyd's Register for 2001 shows only two vessels left under U.S. registry.
(Note: As with many other companies, the New York location shown above was not the site of the company's headquarters but the port at which its ships were registered.
Sources: Lloyds 1912, Wedge (1926), Talbot-Booth (1937) - was presumably the company's first flag, divided horizontally green over white with a large red T on the center.
Sources: National Geographic (1934), US Navy's 1961 H.O. and showed the familiar Texaco emblem of the red star with green T on a white disk, in the case of the flag on a green field. This emblem was first registered as a Texaco trademark in 1906. Texaco later used a white flag with a red hexagonal frame surrounding the star-and-T and the name of the company in black. More recently the trademark has been a red disk with a white star bearing a red T, all on a black background, but I don't know if this was used on a flag

Joe McMillan, 28 November 2001

[Texaco] image by Jarig Bakker

Texaco Inc. The last mentioned logo was placed on a white flag according to Brown 1995.

Neale Rosanoski, 12 April 2004

Texas Star Line

[Texas Star Line] image by Rob Raeside

One of the Lykes companies operated services in the name of Texas Star Line.

Neale Rosanoski, 23 November 2003

Thornton Towing & Transportation LLC

[Thornton Towing & Transportation LLC] image provided by Gerard E. Thornton, 25 December 2007

We are a small tug company that operates in New York Harbor, and we have attached our company flag. We are Marine Steel Transport Line, LLC, soon to be renamed Thornton Towing & Transportation LLC.
Gerard E. Thornton, 25 December 2007

Tidewater Associated Oil Company

[Tidewater Associated Oil Company]       [Tidewater Associated Oil Company] images by Joe McMillan

Tidewater Associated Oil Company, New York
I don't have much on the early history of this company. Tidewater was an East Coast company and Associated a west coast company. The two merged in 1937. The combined company was bought by J. Paul Getty in 1953, but maintained a separate identity into the 1960s.
Source: (no longer available) was the pre-merger flag of Tidewater Oil, blue with a red triangle, its base along the hoist and its apex at the center of the fly.
Sources: US Navy's 1961 H.O., Stewart & Styring (1963) was the flag of Tidewater Associated. It was white with a flying A in red and green upper and lower edges. The flying A logo came from Associated Oil. According to E. C. Talbot Booth, Merchant Ships 1949-1950, a version of this flag without the upper and lower stripes was adopted in 1946. I have also seen depictions of this flag with the stripes in black.

Joe McMillan, 28 November 2001

Tidewater Associated Oil Co. The name variances, particularly whether Tidewater is one or two words, match the flag variances and I can only conjecture. The blue flag with red triangle is given as the pre 1937 merger flag of Tidewater Oil. Talbot-Booth gives the merger as being between Associated Oil Co. and Tidewater Associated Transport Corporation so the latter could be a subsidiary of Tidewater Oil Co. assuming that this existed (?), the new company being Tide Water Associated Oil Co. as shown by Talbot-Booth from 1942 and also Lloyds Register of 1937-8. According to Loughran (1979) in Marine News of 2/1971 he had traced a flag being black with an orange triangle but only confirmed as far back as 1939. Brown 1943 shows a black flag but has the triangle red but this can be ascribed to printing restrictions and the 1951 edition shows an orange shade. Brown shows under Tide Water Oil Co. and Loughran (1979) as Tidewater Oil Co. Inc.  The flying "A" version which apparently was the gas logo is given by Talbot-Booth 1949 as originating in 1946 and the version shown by him of the red logo on a plain white flag could result from incomplete information. Funnels often include bands which equate to the houseflag and their funnel was black with a white band bearing the red logo so this band might have been assumed to be the flag. Similarly, the original edition of Stewart (1953) and its reprints which show the green flag bands as black may have resulted from knowledge that the flag was a triband and a dark green, which I assume it was, being taken to be black in line with the funnel. Loughran (1979) states that there were alterations to the design of the logo in the mid 1950s which could account for certain differences between sources. As to the company name, Lloyds continued to show it as Tide Water Associated Oil Co. up until around the late 1950s when it appears as Tidewater Oil Co. so possibly there was an official change.

Neale Rosanoski, 12 April 2004

Tidewater Marine Service Inc.

[Tidewater Marine Service Inc.] image by Jarig Bakker

Tidewater Marine Service Inc., New Orleans, LA - white swallowtail bordered blue; red "T" shaped like an anchor, shaded blue.
Source: Loughran (1995)
Jarig Bakker, 22 October 2005

TMT Trailer Ferry Inc.

image from Bill Johnston, 15 March 2005

This cap badge of a red tapered swallowtail with the white letters "TMT" could relate to TMT Trailer Ferry Inc. which was set up in 1954 for freight transportation from Florida to Puerto Rico, but also ran a passenger ferry from Key West to Cuba. They went under Chapter 10 in 1957 for reorganization and seem to have continued into the 1960s.
Neale Rosanoski, 3 January 2010

G.A. Tomlinson, Tomlinson Fleet (Continental Steamship Co.)

Tomlinson Fleet (Continental Steamship Co.), Duluth (later Cleveland) (1901-?)
The Tomlinson Fleet was a fairly substantial Great Lakes line founded by George Ashley Tomlinson of Duluth, Minnesota (1869-1942). It was one of a number of his shipping and railroad ventures. At its peak, Tomlinson  operated 18 ships.

[Tomlinson Fleet] image by Joe McMillan

An early flag used by G. A. Tomlinson was a pennant divided diagonally blue over yellow.
Source: 1909 update to Flaggenbuch 1905

[Tomlinson Fleet] image by Joe McMillan

Later, the Tomlinson Fleet flew a red pennant bordered in blue with blue lines forming a horizontal Y dividing the pennant into three sections, and with a white T in the fly.
Source: Stewart (1953)

Joe McMillan, 29 November 2001

Enoch Train & Co.

[Enoch Train & Co.] image by Joe McMillan

Enoch Train & Co., Boston (1844-?)
Enoch Train lived from 1801-68. In 1844, he formed a Boston-Liverpool sail packet line, known from its house flag (a white lozenge throughout a red field) as the White Diamond Line. This was the most prominent of the Boston trans-Atlantic lines. Many Boston Irish can trace their ancestry to immigrants who came to America on White Diamond ships. Within two years of its founding, Train & Co had 24 ships in service. Besides Liverpool, it also ran vessels to the Baltic and South America.
Source: paintings in Peabody-Essex Museum reprinted in Greyhounds of the Sea
Joe McMillan, 29 November 2001

On The Lore of Ships, page 136, A: House flag from Sailing ship days 4 "Enoch Train White Diamond Line, Boston (1820's)"
I'd say The Lore of the Ships is wrong about the date: The first ship of this line, I think, was the Joshua Bates, which was launched in 1844. That's indeed the year we give.

The books draws the diamond smaller than we have it, with its dimensions approximately a third of those of the flag. Jeff Eldredge pictured the house flag on the Washington Irving, with a somewhat in between size, but I don't know how trustworthy he is. Note also the large capital T as a sail mark. Then again, though several paintings exist that show the loss of the Ocean Monarch of the White Diamond Line, I can't make out the white diamond on red on any of them (warning, these images about disaster at sea; they are not pleasant images):
- Samuel Walters (at Wikimedia Commons):
- Again:
- Henry Seaforth (at Christie's):
- Henry Melling (at Blue World web museum:

At least, Melling shows the T sail mark; that appears to be authentic.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 15 March 2012

Transoceanic Cable Ship Co.

[Transoceanic Cable Ship Co.] image by Jarig Bakker

Transoceanic Cable Ship Co., New York - blue flag, white disk, blue intertwined "TCS".
Source: Loughran (1995)
Jarig Bakker, 22 October 2005

Trinidad Corp.

[Trinidad Corp.] image by Joe McMillan

Trinidad Corp., New York
This was an tanker company, a subsidiary of Barber Oil Corporation, that carried crude oil and petroleum products worldwide. As of 1949, it had 12 ships with a total of 130,000 gross tons. It was still in business as of 1984. The flag was a black-yellow-black horizontal triband.
Sources: Stewart (1953), US Navy's 1961 H.O.

Joe McMillan, 29 November 2001

Tropical Shipping Co., Ltd.

[Tropical Shipping Co., Ltd.] image by Jarig Bakker, 21 February 2006

Tropical Shipping Co., Ltd., Riviera Beach, FL - white tapering swallowtail, a blue standing anchor over orange "s.Tc."
Source: Loughran (1995)
Jarig Bakker, 21 February 2006

Tugz International L.L.Co.

[Tugz International L.L.Co.] image by Ivan Sache

Tugz International L.L.Co. is part of the Great Lakes Group.  The flag is white charged with a red circle and white Z.
Dov Gutterman, 11 October 2003

US shipping lines house flags - 'U' continued

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