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Campeche (Mexico)

Estado Libre y Soberano de Campeche

Last modified: 2020-02-22 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | campeche | unofficial | coat of arms |
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[Armorial flag of Campeche] [Civil and State armorial flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12
Flag adopted: 13 November 2008. By Decree number 180 establishing the “Regulatory Law of Article 5 of the Political Constitution of the State of Campeche” published on the official gazette number 4160 of 12 November 2008.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 27 September 2019


See also: Other sites:

Presentation of Campeche

  • Official name (Spanish):Estado Libre y Soberano de Campeche
  • Official name (English):Free and Sovereign State of Campeche
  • Short-form names: State of Campeche; Campeche
  • Location: South-East of Mexico, in the Yucatan Penninsula. It limits the States of Yucatan (N, and NE), Quintana Roo (E), and Tabasco (SW). Campeche borders also the countries of Guatemala (S) and Belize (SE). To the West, Campeche is bathed by the Gulf of Mexico. One of its main geographical features is the Lagoon of Términos, which actualy is a bay rather than a lagoon, in front of it is Isla del Carmen (Carmen Island), in Colonial times, one of the most important ports in New Spain. Among the State's archeological beauties are Calakmul, the biggest Maya city discovered so far, Chicanná, Xpuhil and El Hormiguero (The Anthill).
  • Area: 57,924 km2
  • Municipalities: 11 (Municipalities' capitals are named after the muncipality's name, excepting when indicated in parenthesis):
    Calkiní; Campeche (San Francisco de Campeche); Carmen (Ciudad del Carmen); Champotón; Hecelchakán; Hopelchén; Palizada; Tenabo; Escárcega; Calakmul (Xpujil); and Candelaria.
  • Population: 902,250 (2015)
  • Capital: Campeche (Pop.: 259,005 [2010])
  • Statehood: 26 April 1863
  • Standard (armorial flag) adopted: 13 November 2008. By Decree number 180 establishing the “Regulatory Law of Article 5 of the Political Constitution of the State of Campeche” published on the official gazette number 4160 of 12 November 2008.
  • Arms adopted: 1 October 1777. The coat of arms was first granted by King Charles III of Spain to San Francisco de Campeche. Adopted as State's coat of arms by Decree num. 30 of 29 December 1962, confirmed by decree num. 180 of 12 November 2008, in effect on 13 November 2008.

Sources: INEGI; Ley Reglamentaria del artículo 5.o de la Constitución Política del Estado de Campeche; Iniciativas para expedir la Ley Reglamentaria del Artículo 5.º de la Constitución Poliítica del Estado de Campeche


Official symbols of Campeche

According to the article 5th of the Campeche State Constitution, “the official mandatory symbols for the State are the national, anthem and coat of arms, as well as the State's Anthem and Coat of Arms ”. The same article states that “shall not be neither other flags, anthems, nor coats of arms, and the usage of the National Symbols shall be regulated by Federal rules.”

Chapter II
About the official symbols

Article 5th The National flag, anthem, and coat of arms, as well as the state’s anthem and coat of arms, are the mandatory symbolos of the state. There shall not be any other official flags, anthems nor coat of arms. Usage of such symbols are subject to national regulation.

Quoted and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, July 20, 2002.


The text “There shall not be any other official flags, anthems nor coats of arms” stands for any other symbols that are not of the State. Since Campeche do have a coat of arms and an anthem for its own, it means, therefore, that the State may actually have its own flag. It fact, the State of Campeche has already adopted an armorial flag or standard.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 25 January 2020


Standard (armorial flag)

[Armorial flag of Campeche] [Civil and State armorial flag] [Defacto flag] [Variant: One of two or more versions of the same basic design]
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12
Flag adopted: 13 November 2008.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 27 September 2019


According the Decree number 180 establishing the “Regulatory Law of Article 5 of the Political Constitution of the State of Campeche” published on the official gazette number 4160 of 12 November 2008, in effect from 13 November on, the State of Campeche has already an armorial flag flag for its own, in the following terms:

Regulatory Law of Article 5 of the Political Constitution of the State of Campeche

(…)

Article 9.- In each and every one of the dependencies, entities and state and municipal bodies, a prominent place will be assigned to place a sample, on a white banner, standard, plaque, poster or painting, of the State Coat of arms.

It is up to the Ministry of the Interior to determine the dimensions that the reproductions referred to in the previous paragraph should have.

(…)

Article 26.- 1 October is solemnly established as the Day of the Coat of Arms and Anthem of Campeche. On this day, special radio and television programs must be transmitted, intended to broadcast the history and meaning of both symbols, and raise, with the corresponding honors, a white banner or a standard with the coat of arms on it in all state and municipal public buildings, without detriment to the raising of the National Flag. It is up to the Governor of the State to determine the other days on which that banner or standard must also be raised.

TRANSITORY

First.- This decree will enter into force the day after its publication in the Official State Gazette.

Second.- Decree number 30, dated 29 December 1962, of the XLIV State Legislature is abolished and all legal and regulatory provisions are abolished as opposed to the content of this decree.

(…)

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 25 January 2020


State coat of arms of Campeche

[De facto coat of arms of Campeche]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 27 September 2019
State coat of arms from: Ley Reglamentaria del artículo 5.º de la Constitución Política del Estado de Campeche


San Francisco de Campeche

[Standard of San Francisco de Campeche]
1 from calkini.gob.mx
Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 27 September 2019

The city of San Francisco de Campeche, state’s capital, has no flag for its own, instead, a white standard charged with the city’s arms is used in holidays, such as the anniversary celebration of the city’s foundation.

Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 27 September 2019


A red and blue bicolor has been erroneously reported as the flag of the city. Such an assumption comes from the cover photo of the book Estado de Campeche, Nueva Guía, ISBN 968543705XA,where decorative pennants in red and blue are hoisted from the walls of the fort San Miguel. Red and blue are colors taken form the quarters of the city’s arms, and unofficially are used to represent both the city and the state.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 August 2013

[Pennant of fort San Miguel]
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 August 2013

[Cover of the book 'Estado de Campeche']
Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 1 August 2013


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