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Colombia - Governmental Organizations Flags
Last modified: 2018-11-18 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: colombia | governmental organizations | judicial system |
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The Colombian Judicial system has four High Courts, which are:
- Corte Constitucional (Constitutional Court): Established by the
1991 Political Constitution, composed by seven Magistrates and
it is in charge of safekeeping the principles of the Constitution and the
Constitutionality of the administrative actions of the government. Its
official website is www.constitucional.gov.co
- Corte Suprema de Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice): Since the
Colombian first declaration of independence (July 20, 1810) and
the establishment of several independent States like Tunja (1811), Antioquia
(1812), Cartagena de Indias (1812) and
Cundinamarca (1812), each State had its
own organ in charge of the administration of justice. Later, when
several States established the Provincias Unidad de la Nueva
Granada (United Provinces on New Granada),
on September 23rd, 1814, the Alto Tribunal de Justicia (High
Tribunal of Justice) was established. Later during the Republic
of Colombia (better known as the Great
Colombia, a Court was created in the Constitution of 1821 of
August 30, named Alta Corte de Justicia (High Court of Justice).
Later, when the Great Colombia dissolved, the Republic of New Granada was formed, and on
its Constitution of 1832 of February 29, the Corte Suprema de
Justicia (Supreme Court) was established. Then on May 20, 1853
during the period of the Republic of New Granada, the Corte
Suprema de la Nación (Nation Supreme Court) is established. Then
during the period of the Grenadine
Confederation on the Constitution of 1858 of May 22, the
Courte Suprema (Supreme Court) was the organ in charge. Then
during the period of the Estados Unidos de Colombia (United States of Colombia) the
Constitution of May 8, 1863 established the Corte Suprema Federal
(Supreme Federal Court). Then on the establishment of the
República de Colombia (Republic of Colombia) on the Constitution
of August 4, 1886, the organ was renamed Corte Suprema de
Justicia (Supreme Court of Justice). This Court was based on the Spanish Law of
its Appeal Court of 1885, which at the same time was inspired on the French
Appeal Court. It currently is made up of seven Magistrates
- Consejo de Estado (Council of State): It was first established
by Simón Bolívar by Presidential Decree as President of the
Republic of Venezuela in the city of Angostura (now called
Ciudad Bolívar , on the Department of
Bolivar, of the Republic of Venezuela), on October 30,
1817 and it was based on the same institution created by Napoleon
in France back in 1799. It was an organ that replaced the
citizens in the popular election bodies (democratic bodies) and
help to make decisions at a State level. On the 1821 Constitution
it worked as the Consejo de Gobierno (Government Council). On
August 27, 1828, under Decree by Simón Bolívar the rules for
the Consejo de Estado are established, changing only the number
of representatives in the 1830 Constitution . The 1832
Constitution changes the number of Representatives and also
establishes the Consejo de Gobierno. The 1843 Constitution
suppresses the Consejo de Estado but allows the Consejo de
Gobierno, which remained during the 1858 Constitution as well.
During the periods of the Confederación Granadina (Grenadine
Confederation, 1856-1861), the Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada
(United States of New Granada, 1861) and the Estados Unidos de
Colombia (United States of Colombia, 1861-1886) there is no
mention of either the Consejo de Estado or Consejo de Gobierno.
In the 1886 Constittuion it reappears as Consejo de Estado
working as a consultant organ and also preparing the Acts to pass
to Congress. Later during the dictatorship of Rafael Reyes, the
Consejo de Estado was abolished by Constitutional Amendment No.
10, of 1905. Then by Constitutional Amendment of September 10,
1914 the establishment of the Consejo de Estado is permanent
being the highest consultant government body in terms of
- Consejo Superior de la Judicatura (Judiciary Superior Council):
It was established in the Constitution of 1991, although several
attempts were made to establish an organ of such characteristics
back in the 1970's and 1980's. It is in charge of the
administration of justice, that is, the supervision of all judges
around the country.
Source: Rama Judicial (Judiciary Branch) official
website at www.ramajudicial.gov.co.
E. R., 10 September 2006
image by Eugene Ipavec, 10 September 2006
I recently saw the flag of the Corte Constitucional
(Constitutional Court) of Colombia on August 15, 2006, on the TV
news channel Caracol
E. R., 10 September 2006
On June 6 I spotted the flag of the Colombian Supreme Court of Justice seen
It is the Colombian tricolor with the coat of arms in the middle, with the words on top of
coat of arms being REPÚBLICA DE COLOMBIA in bold capital yellow letters, and on the
bottom it reads CORTE SUPREMA in bold capital yellow letters.
Esteban Rivera, 13 June 2011
A Constitutional Reform abolished this entity (2015) and it should be
replaced by two new entities: Comisión Nacional de Disciplina Judicial
(Judiciary Discipline National Commission) and Consejo Nacional de Gobierno
Judicial (Judicial Government National Council). However, since neither of them
have been created yet, it still operates as a de facto organization.
Its flag is the (current) logo over a white horizontal flag, as seen here:
- image 1: picture taken by me on
January 20, 2017 at the Seccional Bolívar (Bolivar (Department) Branch of the
Consejo Superior de la Judicatura). There are three flags featured:
1. Consejo Superior de la
image 2: cropped image from original
published on GoogleMaps by Bernardo Enrique Fuentes Taboada on January 2017.
The Council has had three logos:
- first version:
- second version:
- third and current version:
Esteban Rivera, 31 January 2017
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