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Kalmykia in the Soviet Union, 1917-1942,1958-1992

Last modified: 2014-03-30 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: kalmykia | qalhmg assr | kamnckaâ assr |
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1958 Kalmukia flag
image by Jaume Ollé, 25 Nov 1996
See also:

Early flags

Kalmykia was established in 1920 as an autonomous oblast’. In 1936 it became republic (ASSR).
Chris Kretowicz, 06 Jun 2001

On 20 October 1935, Kalmukia ASSR was created and a flag was probbably adopted, but is unknown.
Jaume Ollé, 25 Nov 1996


1938 flag

1938 Kalmukia flag
image by Jaume Ollé, 25 Nov 1996

In 1938 the cirilic alphabet was adopted and a new flag was hoisted.
Jaume Ollé, 25 Nov 1996

Kalmyk ASSR was abolished in 1944 when the Kalmyks were deported for alleged collaboration with the Nazis.
Chris Kretowicz, 06 Jun 2001


1958 flag

1958 Kalmukia flag
image by Jaume Ollé, 25 Nov 1996

Kalmyk Autonomous Province was abolished during the Second World War, when, in common with many other ethnic minorities, the Kalmyks were deemed to have displayed insufficient enthusiasm for fighting for Communism. The customary mass deportations followed. An Autonomous Republic was re-established in 1958.
Stuart Notholt, 17 Sep 1995

In 1957 they were allowed to return and the area was reestablished as an autonomous oblast’. It regained ASSR status in 1958.
Chris Kretowicz, 06 Jun 2001

In 1957 or 1958 the republic was restablished and flag in Russian pattern was adopted. A source says that it was adopted in 1954, but that is probably is uncorrect. Mark Sensen gives the following dates: Abolished: 27-12-43, Restablished: 2-7-58
Jaume Ollé, 25 Nov 1996

In 1957 Kalmyk ASSR was restored (along with Chechen-Ingush ASSR, Kabardino-Balkar ASSR and Karachai AR). Flags attributed to these entities between 1944 and 1957 are, certainly, due to an error.
Antonio Gutiérrez, 29 Jun 1999


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