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Princely flags of Wallachia and Moldavia

Last modified: 2008-09-20 by alex danes
Keywords: wallachia | moldavia | romania |
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Prince Mihnea III

[Princely standard of Prince Mihnea III] by Alex Danes, 16 September 2008

Prince Mihnea III (or Mihail Radu, ruler of Wallachia: 1658-1659) had a dark red flag (139 cm by 205 cm) with golden ornaments: a circle with his coat of arms inside (a crowned two-headed eagle, supported by two rampant lions, all crowned with an archducal crown supported by two angels); above the circle there was his title: "Io.1 Mihail Radu, by God's mercy ruler of Wallachia and archduke of the neighbouring lands", with cyrillic letters. At the floating end there is a cross with the Christian Orthodox monogram IS. HS. NI. KA. (meaning "Jesus Christ vanquishes") written between its arms. All around the circle are several golden stars and the princely title is flanked by a moon and a sun. Some of the ornaments are bordered by a thin, light blue line. Today the flag is found in the National Museum of Belgrade and albeit the cloth is well preserved, the golden painting has almost vanished. An actual image of the flag can be seen here.

1 Note: "Io." (written as Ιω) is the abbreviation of the Greek name Ioannes, which means "anointed by God". Every Wallachian or Moldavian ruler had their title beginning with this abbreviation.
Alex Danes, 16 September 2008


Prince Constantin Brâncoveanu

[Flag in 1700] by Alex Danes, 17 September 2008

Constantin Brâncoveanu (ruler of Wallachia: 1688-1714) around 1700 had a standard with eight yellow and red horizontal stripes with a round blue medallion with a black eagle in the canton.
Mario Fabretto, 9 September 1996


Prince Scarlat Ghika

[Princely standard of Prince Scarlat Ghika] sketch by Mihai G. Stephănescu

Prince Scarlat Ghika (ruler of Moldavia: 1757-1758 and of Wallachia, 1758-1761 and 1765-1766) had a square standard with a thick border of vegetal motifs and fringes on all sides. In the middle of the standard there were the coat of arms of Moldavia (dexter) and Wallachia (senester), both crowned, sitting over mountain peaks and being surrounded by a crowned wreath. Behind the wreath, at crowns' dexter, there is a scepter and at senester a sword, and all around it the abbreviated name of the prince, with cyrillic letters, and the year 1758. Today it is found at Art Museum of Romania.
Alex Danes, 16 September 2008


Prince Constantin Ypsilanti

[Princely standard of Prince Constantin Ypsilanti] by Alex Danes, 16 September 2008

Prince Constantin Ypsilanti (ruler of Moldavia: 1799-1801 and 1806 and of Wallachia: 1802-1806 and 1806-1807 - as governor under Russian occupation) had a bright yellow double silk flag (80 cm by 67 cm) with a border of 2.5 cm made of another kind of silk. The same material is used for two crosses, a normal one and a saltire, sewn over the entire cloth. In the middle of the flag there is a blue oval, surrounded by a green olive wreath, crowned with a princely crown. In the oval there are the coat of arms of Wallachia (dexter) and Moldavia (senester), painted in black, and under them there are spears, cannons, swords and drums, all painted in dark brown. The corners of the flag have two repeated crowned monograms, one composed by two cyrillic letters, К and В (standing for "Constantin voivode") and the other composed by two greek letters Υ and Π and a cyrillic one, С (standing for "Ypsilanti"). The monograms and crowns are painted in red, with gold dust powdered over the wet paint. The flag had been sewn in double tulle, for better preservation. It is identical on both sides. It can be found today at the National Military Museum in Bucharest. An actual image of the flag can be seen here.
Alex Danes, 16 September 2008


Prince Alexandru Şuţu

[Princely standard of Prince Alexandru Şuţu] sketch by Mihai G. Stephănescu

Prince Alexandru Şuţu (ruler of Moldavia: 1801-1802 and of Wallachia: 1802, 1806 and 1818-1821) had a square flag, with a thick border and vegetal motifs. In the middle there are the coat of arms of Moldavia (dexter) and Wallachia (senester), surrounded by flags, cannon balls, cannons, and the initial letters of the name of the prince. The two coat of arms are crowned with a coronet flanked by a sword at dexter and a mace at senester.
Alex Danes, 16 September 2008


Prince Alexandru Dimitrie Ghica

[Princely standard of Prince Alexandru Dimitrie Ghica] by Alex Danes, 16 September 2008

Alexandru Dimitrie Ghica (ruler of Wallachia: 1834-1842 and 1856-1858 - as regent) had a bright yellow flag. On obverse, in the middle, there is a blue oval charged with archangel Michael who blows a trumpet and holds a spear in his left hand. The oval is surrounded by a golden wreath crowned with a princely flag and flanked by flags and spears. The reverse of the flag shows Saint George slaying the dragon with his spear. The flag is almost destroyed today and the cloth left measures only 160 cm by 160 cm. It is found at the National Museum of History in Bucharest.

Two other bright yellow flags of prince Ghica are very worn out. One of them shows the fragment of a shield surrounded by an oak wreath. Inside the shield can be seen the endings of a sword and a mace. The mace has the coat of arms of Wallachia painted on it. Nothing can be distinguished on the other side. On the second flag can barely be seen the head of a lion.
Alex Danes, 16 September 2008


Prince George Bibescu

[Princely standard of Prince George Bibescu] reverse by Alex Danes, 16 September 2008

Prince George Bibescu (ruler of Wallachia: 1842-1848) had a red silk flag, 100 cm by 90 cm. On obverse there is a golden floral frame near the edges and in the middle, on a shield, the coat of arms of Wallachia, Or. The shield is crowned and supported by two lions Or. Behind it there are flags, spears, cannons, drums, cannon balls, a mace and a sword. The reverse of the flag has the same frame, a different painting in the middle: the icon of Saint George, slaying the dragon. The flag is found today in the National Museum of History in Bucharest.
Alex Danes, 16 September 2008


 
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