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Salm-Salm 1386-1811 (Germany)

Principality of Salm-Salm, Fürstentum Salm-Salm

Last modified: 2012-03-31 by german editorial team
Keywords: germany | salm-salm | principality of salm-salm | fürstentum salm-salm | fuerstentum salm-salm | salm-kyrburg | salm-horstmar | fish: 2 | fish: salmon | crosses: 4 (white) | roses: 4 | triangular | crosses: 4 (lorraine) |
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Introduction

The Principality of Salm-Salm (located in the departement Vosges, capital Senones) was annexed by France on the 2nd March 1793. The Principality has a triangular flag, red with two yellow bars adossés and four yellow crosses of Lorraine and four roses. There was also a variant, rectangular with the fishes being white as well as the crosses which are Greek crosses. No roses. This flag is still flying each Sunday in Senones when there is the changing the guards. It also flew during the bicentenary of the annexion of the principality, in 1993, and especially during the visit of the last descendant of the Princes of Salm-Salm, Charles-Philippe of Salm. This flag in this oldest representation can be seen on a mural painting (1386) in the Franciskaner Kirche in Lucerne in Switzerland.
Pascal Vagnat
, 22 April 1998

The fishes are salmons, according to the History of the Principality de Salm by Pierre Juillot. Salm is a small village in Westphalia, not far from Luxemburg; it lies on the river Salm (hence possibly Salm-Salm). The Salm family did have possessions in Bohemia and Moravia, so perhaps that is how Sloup got the same fishes on its coat-of-arms — at least I assume that they are the same fishes: they look strikingly alike. On the homepage of Sloup mention is made of Salmù in the history.
Jarig Bakker, 5 September 2000


Salm-Salm 1386-1803

[Salm-Salm 1386-1803 (Germany)] image by Jaume Ollé

Rectangular flag — red with two white bars adossés and four white Greek crosses. In use since 1386.
Norman Martin
, April 1998

Are the fish on the Salm flag the same that are shown on the flag of Sloup in the Czech Republic?
Rich Herink
, 3 September 2000

The fish [on the Salm flag] are salmons, according to this webpage. Salm is a small village in Westphalia, not far from Luxemburg. It lies on the river Salm (hence possibly Salm-Salm). The Salm family did have possessions in Bohemia and Moravia, so perhaps that is how Sloup got the same fishes on its coat-of-arms — at least I assume they are the same fish, they look strikingly alike. The Sloup homepage mentions Salmù in the history.
Jarig Bakker
, 4 September 2000


Salm-Salm triangular flag

[Salm-Salm triangular flag (Germany)] image by Jaume Ollé

Triangular flag — red with two yellow bars adossés and four yellow crosses of Lorraine.
Norman Martin
, April 1998

This flag may not belong to the house of Salm-Salm. The four yellow crosses were added when the House of Salm-Salm inherited through Christine part of the region of Lorraine.
Hans A.M. Weebers
, 2 December 1998


Salm-Kyrburg until 1798

[Salm-Kyrburg (Germany)] image by Santiago Dotor

Colors black-white-red (probably horizontal). Probably traditionally in use and certainly used after the arrival of French troops. Use abandoned 7 March 1798, when the principality was annexed.
Norman Martin
, April 1998


Salm-Salm and Salm-Horstmar 1803-1811

[Salm-Salm and Salm-Horstmar 1803-1811 (Germany)] image by Santiago Dotor

For the Salm territories after the adjustment of 1803, by which the Salm princes acquired Münster territories east of the Rhine to compensate for territories the French annexed in 1793: a black-white-red horizontal tricolor. Not clear when adopted but certainly by 1803. Use abandoned in 1811 when the principalities were annexed.
Norman Martin
, April 1998


Salm-Salm (unknown dates)

[Salm-Salm (unknown dates) (Germany)] image by Jaume Ollé

A square white flag with the arms at the center and with a black-white-red border (from inside out). Certainly existed but dates are unknown.
Norman Martin
, April 1998


 
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