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Schaumburg County (Germany)

Landkreis Schaumburg, Lower Saxony

Last modified: 2019-12-28 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: schaumburg | grafschaft schaumburg | schaumburg-lippe | nettle leaf | rose(red) |
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[Schaumburg County flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 7 Jan 2008

See also: Brief History Count Otto V of Holstein-Schaumburg died mysteriously after a wassail on 15 November 1640. He had been the last of the male line of the Schaumburg kin and his death caused a seven-years inheritance battle. Philipp I , Count in Lippe-Alverdissen was the youngest son of Count Simon VI of Lippe and his 2nd consort Countess Elisabeth of Holstein-Schaumburg and married to a princess of Hesse-Kassel. After the death of his father in 1613 he gained as an apanage the subcounties of Lipperode and Alverdissen. In 1646 he inherited from his sister Countess Elisabeth of Holstein-Schaumburg, the mother of Count Otto V of Schaumburg a portion of the County of Schaumburg incl. the subcounties of Stadthagen, Bückeburg, Ahrensburg and Hagenburg. On 19 July 1647 in Münster a treaty was effected between him and Amelia Elisabeth Landgravess of Hesse-Kassel, in which the county of Schaumburg was parted between Lippe-Alverdissen and Hesse-Kassel. But the portion of Lippe, being the northern part of the former territory, remained within the fief-community (Lehnsverband) of Hesse. The portion of Lippe since then had the name Schaumburg-Lippe. The part of Hesse since then kept the name County of Schaumburg (German: Grafschaft Schaumburg). Rinteln University, the Weser River Toll and the coal mines in the area remained a common property of both parts. The portion of Lippe was upgraded in 1807 to a principality. On 1 january 1822 the southern portion, belonging to Hesse-Kassel, became a county within the province of Lower Hesse (Niederhessen), having only administrate power but loosing the jurisdiction to special authorities in Rinteln, Obernkirchen, Oldendorf and Rodenberg. On 1 February 1849 a reform became valid. The four provinces were dissolved and replaced by nine smaller districts (German: Bezirke). Schaumburg became a district. The old structures were however restored in 1851. After the annexation by Prussia in 1866 the portion of Hesse was incorporated as Rinteln County, bur renamed in 1905 to Grafschaft Schaumburg. In 1932 the district became a part of the Prussian province of Hannover. Rinteln remained the seat of the district. The exclave of Schöttlingen in 1955 was transferred to Schaumburg-Lippe County. As a compensation the municipalities of Beeke and Rösehöfe became a part of Grafschaft Schaumburg County. On 1 January 1973 the municipality of Hemeringen became a part of the county and was incorporated into the City of Hessisch Oldendorf. On 1 January further straightenings had been made. Eight municipalities were transferred from Grafschaft Schaumburg to the counties of Hannover, Schaumburg-Lippe. Another four municipalities were transferred from the dissolved Springe County to Grafschaft Schaumburg. Two other municipalities were transferred from Schaumburg-Lippe to Grafschaft Schaumburg. By further mergers the number of municipalities was reduced from 88 in 1972 to 17 in 1977, among those the five cities of Hessisch Oldendorf, Obernkirchen, Rinteln, Rodenberg and Sachsenhagen. Due to the administrative changes on 1 August 1977 the biggest part of grafschaft Schaumburg merged with Schaumburg-Lippe, forming the new Schaumburg County, which now nearly had ist complete historical terrtory. The city of Hessisch Oldendorf however became a part of Hameln-Pyrmont County. Sources: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landkreis_Grafschaft_Schaumburg https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philipp_I._(Schaumburg-Lippe)

Schaumburg County

Schaumburg County Flag

It is a white-red-blue tricolour with centred arms.
Jörg Majewski, 7 Jan 2008

Schaumburg County Coat of Arms (1977 - 1979)

[Schaumburg County plain flag 1977 - 1979] 3:5 image by Falko Schmidt, 28 Dec 2019

It was a white-red-blue tricolour
image from Falko Schmidt, based on information given to him by the county administration of Schaumburg on 21 September 1999
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019

Schaumburg County Coat of Arms

[Schaumburg County arms] image by Jörg Majewski, 7 Jan 2008

Shield Gules with bordure Azure, a netle leaf Argent.
Meaning:
The arms are taken from the arms of the Counts of Schaumburg, who founded their castle in Schaumburg in the early 12th century. In 1110 they also acquired the County of Holstein. The arms show the typical nettle leaf used since the 12th century by the counts. The new arms are slightly changed according to historical arms of Schaumburg.
Source: Ralf Hartemink's webpage, based on Linder and Olzog, 1996
Jörg Majewski, 7 Jan 2008

Flag and arms were approved on 15 January 1979. The plain tricolour was in use from 1 August 1977 ubtil 15 january 1979, displaying the traditinal Schaumburg colours.
Jörg Majewski, 7 Jan 2008


Grafschaft Schaumburg County

Grafschaft Schaumburg Flag

[Grafschaft Schaumburg flag] 3:5 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019

It was a white-red-blue tricolour with centred arms.
image from Falko Schmidt, based on information given to him by the county administration of Schaumburg on 21 September 1999
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019


Grafschaft Schaumburg Coat of Arms

Shield Gules a nettle leaf Argent.
Meaning:
The arms are the historical arms of the Counts of Schaumburg, containing three nails superimposing the actual nettle leaf, which was only called this way and had been in fact a metal fitting of a wooden shield. The counts founded their castle in Schaumburg in the early 12th century, also the cities of Rinteln, Oldendorf (the later Hessisch Oldendorf) and Rodenberg. The biggest part of the county became a part of Hesse-Kassel in 1640, in 1867 part of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau. The county then was named Rinteln but in 1905 renamed as Grafschaft Schaumburg.
Source: Stadler 1964, p.40
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019


Schaumburg-Lippe County

Schaumburg-Lippe Flag

[Schaumburg-Lippe flag] 3:5 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019

It was a white-red-blue tricolour with centred arms.
image from Falko Schmidt, based on information given to him by the county administration of Schaumburg on 21 September 1999
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019


Schaumburg-Lippe Coat of Arms

Shield Gules a nettle leaf Argent, charged with a heraldic rose Gules, barbed and seeded Or.
Meaning:
The county had been the essential part of the historical County of Schauenburg at the bank of Weser River. After the Schauenburg or Schaumburg kin had died out in 1640, the residual county was formed from the Schauenburg subcounties (Ämter) Stadthagen, Bückeburg, Arensburg, Hagenburg and a part of the Sachsenhagen Subcounty plus the subcounties of Alverdissen and Lipperode from the County of Lippe. The nettle leaf is representing the Counts of Schaumburg and the rose the Counts of Lippe. Established in 1948 by a merger of the former counties of Stadthagen and Bückeburg, it was dissolved on 31 January 1977 and became a part of the newly established Schaumburg County.
Source: Stadler 1964, p.79
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019

The entity adopted the arms of the Free State of Schaunburg-Lippe in 1948.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 28 Dec 2019



 
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