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Braunschweig City (Germany)

Stadt Braunschweig (Brunswick City), Lower Saxony

Last modified: 2019-05-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: braunschweig | brunswick | bienrode | rueningen | watenbuettel | wenden(braunschweig) | lion(red) | chevron | watermill(wheel) | tower | spinning wheel |
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[Braunschweig city flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 31 Mar 2007 See also:

Braunschweig City

Braunschweig Flag

It is a red-white horizontal bicolour with centred arms.
Source:Arnold Rabbow: "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003
Jörg Majewski, 31 Mar 2007

According to Arnold Rabbow the official adoption date (by adoption of the Main Statute / Hauptsatzung) is indeed the 25 February 1953, but the flag has been used in a similar form since 1861.
M. Schmöger, 20 Oct 2007

Braunschweig Banner

[Braunschweig city banner] 5:2 image by Stefan Schwoon, 20 Feb 2001

It is a red-white vertical bicolour with centred arms.
Sources: flag from Staack 1997, arms from Stadler 1970, p.28
Stefan Schwoon, 20 Feb 2001

Braunschweig Coat of Arms

[Braunschweig city CoA] 5:2 image by Jörg Majewski, 31 Mar 2007

The arms show the lion of the Welfen dynasty and especially symbolise Heinrich der Löwe (Henry the Lion) from the 12th century. The city was a stronghold of the Welfen (=(lion) cubs) dynasty. The oldest seal of the city, known from 1231 already shows a lion. A later seal places the lion in a church portal, but mostly the seals show only a lion. The colours are first mentioned in a manuscript from 1366, and are the colours of the Hanseatic League of cities, of which Braunschweig was a member. The arms were officially granted in 1438 by King Albrecht II and have not really changed since. In 1963 the arms were reconfirmed. On 1 March 1974 the city incorporated 22 surrounding municipalities.
Source: Ralf Hartemink's webpage, based on Stadler 1970, p.28
Santiago Dotor, 13 Dec 2001


Braunschweig Banner 1438

[Braunschweig city banner 1438] image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 May 2019

It is a rectangular flag with a tail of approx. double width of the rectangle. It is a banner of arms, displaying a lion rampant Gules on a field Argent, decorated by a nailed lattice pattern.
Source:Neubecker 1939, p.95
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 20 May 2019


Bienrode Borough

Bienrode Flag


[BS-Bienrode borough flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2007

It is a blue-yellow horizontal bicolour with centred arms.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2007

Bienrode Banner

[BS-Bienrode borough banner] image by Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2007

It is a blue-yellow vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2007

Bienrode Coat of Arms

[BS-Bienrode CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2007

Shield Azure, a watermill's wheel Or under a chevron Or.
Meaning:
The colours had been those of former Braunschweig County. The chevron is alluding to the Wenden kin. The wheel is alluding to the watermill on the bank of Schunter River. It played a role in the Wilhelm Raabe's novel "Pfister's Mill". The mill existed for centuries and was mentioned as it had been sold by the Wenden kin to Riddagshausen Monastery.
Sources: Arnold Rabbow: "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; p.17 and Hannover State Archive
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 19 May 2019

Flag, banner and arms were approved on 24 February 1965 by chief of administration (Verwaltungspräsident of Braunschweig City.
Jörg Majewski, 1 Apr 2007


Rüningen Borough

Rüningen Flag


[BS-Rüningen borough flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 2 Apr 2007

It is a red-white-red horizontal triband with ratio of stripes approx. 3:7:3. The coat of arms is in the middle of the white stripe.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 2 Apr 2007

Rüningen Banner

[BS-Rüningen borough banner] image by Jörg Majewski, 2 Apr 2007

It is a red-white-red vertical triband with ratio of stripes approx. 3:7:3. The coat of arms is in the white stripe and shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 2 Apr 2007

Rüningen Coat of Arms

[BS-Rueningen CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 2 Apr 2007

Shield Argent with base Azure, issuant from the line of partition above a tower Gules and beneath a demi millwheel Argent.
Meaning:
The tower is a representation of the Tower of Rüningen, a watch tower within the local fortification system (Landwehr). The wheel is representing the watermill of Rüningen.
Sources: Arnold Rabbow: "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; p.25 and Hannover State Archive
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 19 May 2019

Flag, banner and arms were adopted on 24 September 1964 and confirmed on 8 December 1964 by chief of administration (Verwaltungspräsident of Braunschweig City.
Jörg Majewski, 2 Apr 2007


Watenbüttel Borough

Watenbüttel Flag


[BS-Watenbüttel borough flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 3 Apr 2007

It is a blue-yellow-blue horizontal triband with ratio of stripes approx. 3:7:3. The coat of arms is in the middle of the yellow stripe.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 3 Apr 2007

Watenbüttel Banner

[BS-Watenbüttel borough banner] image by Jörg Majewski, 3 Apr 2007

It is a blue-yellow-blue horizontal triband with ratio of stripes approx. 3:7:3. The coat of arms is in the yellow stripe and shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 3 Apr 2007

Watenbüttel Coat of Arms

[Brunswick-Watenbuettel CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 3 Apr 2007

Shield Azure, a spinning wheel Or.
Meaning:
The colours had been those of former Braunschweig County. The spinning wheel is alluding to the local inventor Jürgen Spinnrad (his family name means "spinning wheel", who improved wheels for use at home.
Sources: Arnold Rabbow: "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; pp.30-31 and Hannover State Archive
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 19 May 2019

Flag, banner and arms were adopted 9 December 1968 by the local council and confirmed on 24 March 1969 by chief of administration (Verwaltungspräsident of Braunschweig City.
Jörg Majewski, 3 Apr 2007


Wenden Borough

Wenden Flag


[BS-Wenden borough flag] 3:5 image by Jörg Majewski, 4 Apr 2007

It is a black-white-black horizontal triband with ratio of stripes approx. 3:7:3. The coat of arms is in the middle of the white stripe.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 4 Apr 2007

Wenden Banner

[BS-Wenden borough banner] image by Jörg Majewski, 4 Apr 2007

It is a black-white-black vertical triband with ratio of stripes approx. 3:7:3. The coat of arms is in the white stripe and shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Jörg Majewski, 4 Apr 2007

Wenden Coat of Arms

[BS-Wenden CoA] image by Jörg Majewski, 4 Apr 2007

Shield parted per pale of Sable and Argent, two chevrons in counterchanged colours.
Meaning:
The arms are based on the family arms of the Wenden kin. According to Siebmacher (1605) they displayed two black chevrons in a golden shield semy of green linden leaves. The members of the kin were in service of Emperor Lothar von Süpplingenburg and later of the dukes from the Welfen kin.
Sources: Arnold Rabbow: "Neues Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch", Braunschweiger Zeitungsverlag, 2003; p.31, Stadler 1970, p.81 and Hannover State Archive
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 19 May 2019

Flag, banner and arms were adopted on 14 June 1968 by the local council and confirmed on 7 November 1968 by chief of administration (Verwaltungspräsident of Braunschweig City. According to Klemens Stadler the local flag granted in 1968 had been a blue-white, probably plain, bicolour.
Jörg Majewski, 4 Apr 2007


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