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Guaíba, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | guaíba |
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Guaíba, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 18 July 2020


See also:

Municipality

The municipality of Guaíba (95,230 inhabitants in 2010; 377 sq. km) is located in the Porto Alegre Metropolitan Area, 30 km of Porto Alegre. Guaíba is named for Lake Guaíba, a name of Tupi-Guarani origin meaning "The Bay of All Waters", already written on maps from the 19th century (Guahyba).

Guaíba emerged as the village of Pedras Brancas (White Stones, referring to granitic formations, 600 millions years old, considered as among the oldest rocks on Earth), settled in the middle of the 19th century. People travelling from the south and west of Rio Grande do Sul to Porto Alegre crossed there Lake Guaíba, first on canoes, then on sailing boats, and, at the end of the 19th century, on steamboats. The estate granted in 1793 to Antônio Ferreira Leitão was inherited by his daughter Isabel Leonor, who married José Gomes de Vasconcelos Jardim (1773-1854). The leaders of the Farroupilha Rebellion gathered in the estate on the evening of 19 September 1835 to prepare the assault on Porto Alegre, which started the Rebellion; Gomes Jardim, leading 60 men, crossed Lake Guaíba to meet the troops commanded by Onofre Pires, stationed on the left bank of the lake. Recalling the historical event, the nickname of "Cradle of the Farroupilha Rebellion" was given to the town in the 1960s. Another Farroupilha hero, General Bento Gonçalves da Silva (1788-1847, 1st President of the Rio Grande do Sul Republic, 1836-18417, died in Gomes Jardim's estate. The municipality of Guaíba was established by State Decree No. 3,697 of 14 October 1926, merging the districts of Pedras Brancas, Barra do Ribeiro and Mariana Pimentel seceding from Porto Alegre.

Ivan Sache, 24 March 2012


Description of the Flag

The flag of Guaíba is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 111 promulgated on 12 October 1971.

Article 1.
a) Shape and colors
- Rectangular, in proportions 14 units in width on 20 units in length, composed of two rectangles of equal size, the upper yellow and the lower green.
b) Charges
- In the center, three black lances with red pennants, superimposed by a cogwheel, whose yellow axial hole contains the lower third of the lances half-concealed by black on blue sinuous lines behind a cypress proper.
- Above the pennants, a mural crown argent with four fortresses.
- Beneath, supporting the lances, a scroll of the colors of Rio Grande do Sul and the black writing "GUAÍBA - RS" in the center and years "1835" at the left end and "1926" at the right end.

https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rs/g/guaiba/lei-ordinaria/1971/12/111/lei-ordinaria-n-111-1971-institui-a-bandeira-do-municipio-e-contem-outras-providencias
Leis Municipais database

The flag was modified by Municipal Law No. 3,191 promulgated on 9 September 2014, adding a fourth item to paragraph b) of Article 2
- Just beneath the scroll, centered, the writing "BERÇO DA REVOLUÇÃO FARROUPILHA" [Cradle of the Farroupilha Revolution], in the same font and pattern as the scroll, without exceeding its length.

https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rs/g/guaiba/lei-ordinaria/2014/319/3191/lei-ordinaria-n-3191-2014-numera-os-tres-itens-da-alinea-b-do-art-1-da-lei-n-111-de-12-de-outubro-de-1971-e-acrescenta-o-item-4
Leis Municipais database

The coat of arms of Guaíba is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 94 promulgated on 31 December 1965.

Article 1.
- A shield tierced per fess.
- In chief three lances with red (gules) pennants, a cypress proper and a red (gules) cog wheel as a tribute to industry.
- A green (vert) central field.
- In base, on argent black (sable) wavy lines.
- A scroll of the colors of the flag of Rio Grande do Sul, in black the writing "GUAÍBA - RS" (municipality's name).
- Surmounting the shield, a mural crown argent with four fortresses.

<https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rs/g/guaiba/lei-ordinaria/1965/10/94/lei-ordinaria-n-94-1965-adota-e-define-o-simbolo-do-municipio-de-guaiba>
Leis Municipais database

The flag was modified by Municipal Law No. 3,157 promulgated on 4 July 2014.

Article 1.
- A shield tierced per fess. The upper part, yellow (or), containing in the center a cypress proper outlined in black, on its left three lances with red (gules) pennants and on its right a cog wheel symbolizing industries in the municipality.
- In the shield's central part a green (vert) horizontal stripe symbolizing fields and cattle-breeding in the municipality.
- In the shield's lower part, six continuous wavy lines, argent outlined in black, symbolizing agriculture in the municipality.
- Just beneath the scroll and matching the curvature of the shield's lower part, the writing "BERÇO DA REVOLUÇÃO FARROUPILHA" in black capital letters.
- A scroll of the colors of the flag of Rio Grande do Sul, charged in the center with the writing "GUAÍBA - RS" (municipality's name) and years "1835" and "1926" at the scroll's ends, in small letters sized to fill the scroll
- Surmounting the shield, a mural crown argent with four fortresses.
- All the charges outlined in black.

https://leismunicipais.com.br/a/rs/g/guaiba/lei-ordinaria/2014/315/3157/lei-ordinaria-n-3157-2014-da-nova-redacao-ao-art-1-da-lei-n-94-de-31-de-dezembro-de-1965
Leis Municipais database
http://www.guaiba.rs.gov.br:8888/Conheca_Guaiba/bandeira_brasao.html
Municipal website

Photos
https://www.facebook.com/prefeituradeguaiba
https://www.facebook.com/camaraguaibass

The fesses wavy symbolize Lake Guaíba. The lances recall the beginning of the Farroupilha Revolution; the invasion of Porto Alegre was organized in the house of Gomes Jardim (subsequent Vice President of the Riograndense Republic) under the Historical Cypress.
The title of "Cradle of the Farroupilha Revolution" was coined in the 1960s by a Centro de Tradições Gaúchas (CTG) of Porto Alegre during a horse parade organized a 20 September (Farroupilha Revolution's Day). The inhabitants of Guaíba would never forget the tribute paid to the town.

http://www.guaiba.rs.gov.br:8888/Conheca_Guaiba/index.html
Municipal website

Image from the municipal website
http://www.guaiba.rs.gov.br:8888/Conheca_Guaiba/bandeira_brasao.html

Ivan Sache, 18 July 2020


Previous flag

Guaíba, RS (Brazil) image by Dirk Schönberger, 16 February 2012
Source: http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gua%C3%ADba
 
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