Last modified: 2022-03-05 by ian macdonald
Keywords: parana | guaraniaçu |
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image by Ivan Sache, 2 February 2022
The municipality of Guaraniaçu (14,583 inhabitants in 2010; 122,561 ha) is
located 425 km west of Curitiba.
Guaraniaçu was settled in Rocinha (1919) and Mato Queimado (1920). From 1922 to 1925, the area was the front line between rebelled Prestes Column and the Brazilian troops, which were stationed in Bormann. The seat of the municipal administration was then fiercely disputed between Rocinha and Mato Queimlado, with several casualties; the seat was eventually transferred to a new settlement called Planalto.
The municipality of Guaraniaçu was established by State Law No. 790 promulgated on 14 November 1951, separating from Laranjeiras do Sul.
Guaraniaçu is said to have been named for rivers Gurani and Iguaçu. Another explanation relates the town's name to Tupi-Guarani words meaning "a tall Indian".
The flag of Guaraniaçu is composed of the following elements:
- a blue rectangle;
- a yellow lozenge;
- a white sphere at the lozenge's right side;
- a blue stripe above the sphere's center charged with the name of the municipality of Guaraniaçu in white letters;
- five blue stars, one in the north, above the blue stripe, three beneath the stripe and another one south of the sphere, displayed like the Southern Cross constellation;
- two wheat plats at the sphere's left emerging from the left point of the scroll placed beneath the sphere; the wheat grains are represented in dark orange yellow and the leaves and stems in plant green.
Blue is a symbol of serenity, tranquility, power and work.
Yellow is the symbol of mining and agricultural resource, which are signs of progress.
The wheat plants symbolize the main source of income.
White is a symbol of peace, love, culture, which are signs of development.
The sphere symbolizes the municipality, being in the center with a nucleus of stars representing the districts.
The stars represent the Southern Cross in its usual representation in Brazil.
The blue stripe symbolizes the sky lit by the sun.
The white scroll symbolizes political emancipation, knowledge, and the legislative, executive and judiciary powers.
Ivan Sache, 2 February 2022