Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: yaracuy | san felipe |
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image by Mayerling Milagros Cañizalez Salcedo, 25 March 2020
The municipality of San Felipe (220,786 inhabitants in 2001; 24,700 ha) is
the capital of Yaracuy State.
San Felipe was established at the end of the 17th century near cocoa plantations. Originally known as El Cerrito de Cocorote and depending on the town of Barquisimeto, the settlement was granted the title of "ciudad" on 6 November 1729 by King Philip V, with jurisdiction on a big territory and renamed to San Felipe El Fuerte on 1 May 1731. The king subsequently established in San Felipe the seat of the Real Compañía Guipuzcoana to control cocoa trade between the Venezuela province and Spain. The local smallholders were forced to sell their harvest to the company, which retailed them at a much higher price in the European towns.
The town was totally rebuilt after the earthquake that destroyed Caracas and several other towns on 26 March 1812, killing 15,000-20,000.
Ivan Sache, 25 March 2020
The flag of San Felipe was designed by Mayerling Milagros Cañizalez Salcedo
(b. 1989), winner of a contest organized on 7 March and 4 April 2014 by the
Municipality and the Office of the Official Chronicler. The flag was inaugurated
on 6 November 2014 (to be subsequently celebrated as San Felipe Flag Day) in the
Archeological and Historical Park of San Felipe El Fuerte.
The author obtained in 2012 a B.Sc in Design (1st out of 61 students) at Universidad Nacional Experimental del Yaracuy (UNEY) and was hired the next year by UNEY to teach design.
The flag is composed of two horizontal stripes, golden yellow on top and blue on bottom, separated by an orange ascending diagonal stripe outlined in white. A white symbol is placed in canton.
The golden yellow stripes represent the exuberant natural resources, such as the forests, the flora, the fauna and river Yurubí, as well as the cultural heritage and people's knowledge.
The orange stripe symbolizes the idiosyncratic spirit of the people of San Felipe, which defines them as enthusiastic, friendly, joyous and warmhearted. The ascending stripe suggests the dynamism and energy of people building day after day a better municipality.
The white outlines surround the orange stripe as a symbol of protection and kindness.
The blue stripe represents the sky and water, reflected in rivers Yurubí and Yaracuy and in the faith of persevering people, which cover like a protecting coat the blessed soil and the people.
The emblem, shaped like a lock, is a tribute to the old town of San Felipe. It is the graphic synthesis of two emblematic icons, on top, the entrance gate of the San Felipe El Fuerte Archeological Historical Park, on bottom, the wings and feet of the double-headed eagle featured on a lock found in the remains of the old town.
Website of the official Town's Chronicler
The site of the old town of San Felipe El Fuerte, destroyed in 1812 by an earthquake, was made a Recreational Park by Decree No. 1,686 issued on 7 March 1974. Remains of the church, the cemetery, the jail and of a few houses are still visible among a profuse vegetation
Decades ago, a farmer plowing a plot on the site discovered human bones and silver coins. An international scientific team identified the remains of 122 people, including a man of 2m in height, probably the guardian of the town.
El Pitazo, 25 February 2017
Ivan Sache, 25 March 2020