Last modified: 2021-08-26 by rob raeside
Keywords: tungus republic |
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It was the only successful attempt at independence in the post - Civil War Soviet Russia (albeit short-lived).
Fed up with the arrogance of the communists, broken promises, lack of basic understanding of local culture and customs and general heavy-handiness, a group of Evenks (formerly Tungus), Yakuts and Russians, under the leadership of M.K.Artemyev (Yakut) and P.Karamzin (Tungus) took, after 18 hours battle, the village-port of Ayan on the Okhotsk Sea coast. (May 10, 1924)
In July, the All-Tungus Congress of the Okhotsk Coast gathered in Nelkan and proclaimed the Provisional Tungus National Government, which, in turn, declared independence from Soviet Union (July 14, 1924).
That congress appealed to the League of Nations and all major Western Powers and Japan for support, but its cry has fallen on deaf ears. Its proclamation said, among other things: As a symbol of our independence as a nation and in principles of self-determination, raise the first national flag and in witness to our unyielding demands, consisting of three colors, that is,' white', signifying Siberian snow, 'green', signifying the Siberian forest and 'black' signifying the land, for the native land belongs to us...."
Facing the overwhelming Soviet force, the partisans of M.K. Artemyev
laid down their weapons
on May 9, 1925 unilaterally, followed by the similar act by the
partisan unit of P. Karamzin
Chrystian Kretowicz, 28 Jun 2009