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Russian National Guard

Last modified: 2024-03-23 by valentin poposki
Keywords: national guard | russia |
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Russian National Guard image by Victor Lomantsov, 18 May 2023
See also:

Flag of the Federal Service of the National Guard Troops

The National Guard flag is red with the Russian flag in the canton. The emblem depicts the two-headed eagle in gold. I am not certain about the two shades of red.
H.B., 17 August 2018

The Federal Service is a government structure for directing the troops.
The flag of the service (shown above) is used in cabinets of the commander-in-chief and other officials; hoisted upon the buildings of the service. It can be made in multiple copies.

Also, each regiment and battalion of the National Guarsd have their individual military banner (colours).
Victor Lomantsov, 18 May 2023


Flag of the National Guard Troops

Russian National Guard image by Victor Lomantsov, 18 May 2023

For use by troops, on buildings, etc. It can be made in multiple copies.
Victor Lomantsov, 18 May 2023


Banner of the National Guard Troops

Russian National Guard image by Victor Lomantsov, 18 May 2023

The banner of the troops is used for parades and other ceremonies. It exists in only one exemplar. Not for replication (copying). The banner is dark crimson.
Victor Lomantsov, 18 May 2023

On May 17, the Finnish newspaper Helsingin Sanomat ran an eye-catching picture of Putin holding what the caption identifies as the flag of the National Guard. The picture is from 2017.
David G. Wagner, 18 May 2023


About the National Guard

The Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation (VV MVD of Russia) are paramilitary formations (since 1917 since they took part in active combat many times over the years) although established earlier as similar to the gendarmerie that existed within the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, performing tasks to ensure the internal security of the state, public security, protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen from criminal and other unlawful encroachments. Its immediate predecessor were the NKVD troops and its former predecessesors' troops.

The predecessor was "Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел Российской Федерации (ВВ МВД России)" (Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, VV MVD of Russia, usually referred to as "MVD Troops" in English literature) (October 20, 1991 - April 5, 2016) (source: https://rosguard.gov.ru/ru/page/index/vnutrennie-vojska-mvd-rossii-1991-–-2016-gg) and its colors were changed through "Приказ Министра внутренних дел Российской Федерации от 2 октября 1995 г. N 371 «О военной форме одежды, знаках различия по воинским и специальным званиям и правилах
их ношения»." (Order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation of October 2, 1995 N 371 "On military uniforms, insignia for military and special ranks and the rules for wearing them") (source:
http://www.alppp.ru/law/zakonodatelstvo-ob-oborone/22/prikaz-mvd-rf-ot-02-10-1995--371.pdf), later reformed by "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 10.11.1998 г. № 1333" (English: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of November 10, 1998 No. 1333) (source: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/bank/13095). In 2016, the Internal Troops of the Ministry of the Interior were transformed into the "Национальную гвардию" (National Guard), known as "Росгвардия" (romanized Rosgvardiya, English: Rusgard). The "Федеральная служба войск Национальной Гвардии Российской Федерации" (Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation) was also formed by the "Указ Президента Российской Федерации № 157 от 5 апреля 2016 года «Вопросы Федеральной службы войск национальной гвардии Российской Федерации»" (Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 157 of April 5, 2016 "Issues of the Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation" (sources: http://kremlin.ru/acts/news/51648
http://kremlin.ru/acts/bank/40689
https://rosguard.gov.ru/ru/Documents/article/ukaz-prezidenta-rossijskoj-federacii-ot-05042016--157 and
https://rosguard.gov.ru/ru/page/index/vojska-nacionalnoj-gvardii-rossijskoj-federacii-2016--g--po-nastoyashhee-vremya).

The official description of the arms is as follows:
Crowned with a gold (silver) double-headed eagle with outstretched wings, holding crossed swords with silver blades in its paws. On the chest of the eagle is a triangular shield with a rounded top. In the maroon field of the shield is a horseman slaying a dragon with a spear. The shield is bound in silver with gold braces. The heraldic sign - the emblem of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation can be performed in a single-color image. It is allowed to use a shield on crossed swords without a double-headed eagle (small emblem) as an independent emblem of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation) (sources: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/bank/13095 and
http://www.heraldicum.ru/russia/vedom010.htm)

The flag of the Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation) was established by "Указом президента РФ от 20 декабря 2016 года № 686" (Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 20, 2016 No. 686.) (http://www.vexillographia.ru/russia/texts/2016_ng.pdf .

Official description is as follows: "The flag of the Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the flag) is a maroon rectangular panel with the State Flag of the Russian Federation in the canton. In the right half of the cloth there is a heraldic sign - the emblem of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation. The ratio of the top area to the flag area is one to four. The ratio of the width of the emblem to the length of the flag is one to two.) (source:
http://www.vexillographia.ru/russia/mod_ved.htm#ng1)

Regarding the Banner and Flag of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation, the description is as follows: (source: http://www.vexillographia.ru/russia/mod_ved.htm#ng1)
DESCRIPTION OF THE BANNER OF THE NATIONAL GUARD OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The banner of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the banner) consists of a cloth, a staff with an inflow, a pommel, two brackets, a braid with tassels and banner nails. A set with a banner may also include banner ribbons, pantaler and a banner case. The banner cloth is square, with a side of 130 cm, with a margin for fastening to a pole, made of white fabric. On the obverse and reverse sides of the banner panel there is a straight, equal-ended maroon cross with widening ends. The corners between the ends of the cross are white.

In the center of the cross is the main figure of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation: a golden double-headed eagle with spread wings raised up. The eagle is crowned with two small crowns and - above them - one large crown, connected by a ribbon. In the right paw of the eagle is a scepter, in the left - orb. On the chest of the eagle, in a red shield, is a silver rider in a blue cloak on a silver horse, striking with a silver spear a black dragon, overturned and trampled by a horse. The pole of the banner is wooden, of round section, painted in brown color. Shaft diameter - 4 cm, length - 250 cm.

Banner staples - in the form of rectangular plates of golden metal, put on the shaft one under the other close to each other. On the upper bracket are engraved the words: "INTERNAL TROOPS OF THE MINISTRY OF THE INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION February 21, 2002". On the lower bracket are engraved the words: "TROOPS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION" and the date of the transfer of the banner. The pommel is metal, golden, in the form of a slotted spear with a relief image of the State Emblem of the Russian Federation.

The inflow is metallic, golden, in the form of a truncated cone 9 cm high. The brushes are woven from silver, orange and black threads. The lace for fastening brushes is made of silver galloon, stitched along the
edges with black and orange threads. The hats of the banner nails are golden. The banner was handed over to the Director of the Federal Service of the National Guard Troops - Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation General of the Army V. Zolotov on March 27, 2017 by the President of the Russian Federation V. Putin in the State Kremlin Palace.

The flag in use, is as follows:
DESCRIPTION OF THE FLAG OF THE NATIONAL GUARD TROOPS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. The flag of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the flag) is a rectangular double-sided white panel with a maroon four-pointed cross with expanding ends superimposed over the entire area of the flag.

In the center of the cloth is a heraldic sign - the emblem of the troops of the National Guard of the Russian Federation. The ratio of the flag's width to its length is two to three. The ratio of the width of the emblem to the length of the flag is one to two) (source: http://www.vexillographia.ru/russia/mod_ved.htm#ng1)

Sources: Russian National Guard official website:
https://rosguard.gov.ru/ru/page/index/vnutrennie-vojska-mvd-rossii-1991-%E2%80%93-2016-gg
and https://rosguard.gov.ru/ru/page/index/vojska-nacionalnoj-gvardii-rossijskoj-federacii-2016--g--po-nastoyashhee-vremya
Victor Lomantsov's Vexillographia website National Guard (http://www.vexillographia.ru/russia/mod_ved.htm#ng1),
Departmental emblems of the Russian Federation Federal Service of the National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation, Russian Guard (http://www.heraldicum.ru/russia/vedom010.htm)
Emblems of the National Guard 2016-onwards (http://www.heraldicum.ru/russia/vedom64.htm) entries, as well as
Russian Wikipedia articles
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki
and https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki.
For further information please see these compendium of sources titled "Unknown history" (https://rosguard.gov.ru/ru/page/index/maloizvestnye-stranicy-istorii).

For additional information go to Rosguard (official website): https://rosguard.gov.ru/

Esteban Rivera, 18 May 2023


 
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