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Sandim, Olival, Lever e Crestuma United Commune (Portugal)

Last modified: 2015-12-14 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: sandim | olival(vila nova de gaia) | lever | crestuma | base(wavy) | millstone | cogwheel | olive(tree) | fleur-de-lis(blue) | cross(templar) | fish | coiler | inescutcheon |
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União das Freguesias de Sandim, Olival, Lever e Crestuma, Concelho de Vila Nova de Gaia, Distrito de Viana do Castelo


See also:

Former Sandim commune (until 2013)

[Sandim commune (until 2013)] 2:3 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a plain green field.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Coat of arms

Shield Argent with base wavy of Azure and Argent, a bunch of three corn cobs Or leaved Vert and tied Gules, in dxter chief a sinister bendy millstone Azure, in sinister chief a bendy cogwheel Gules. Mural crown Argent with three visible towers (village rank) and white scroll with inscription in black initials "SANDIM - VILA NOVA DE GAIA".
Source: here
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Presentation of Sandim

Sandim Commune was one of the pre-2013 communes of Vila Nova de Gaia Municipality (q.v.); it had 5938 inhabitants in 2011 and covered 16.0 km².
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Former Olival commune (until 2013)

[Olival commune (Vila Nova de Gaia) (until 2013)] 2:3 image by Sérgio Horta, 9 Dec 2015

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a plain green field.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Coat of arms

Shield Argent with base wavy of Azure and Argent, two olive trees eradicated Vert fruited Sable ordered per fess, in central chief a fleur-de-lis Azure. Mural crown Argent with three visible towers (village rank) and white scroll with inscription in black initials "OLIVAL - VILA NOVA DE GAIA".
Meaning:
The olive trees are canting elements. The fleur-de-lis is an attribute of Our Lady of Assumption, the local patron saint.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Published in Diário da República: III Série on 20 May 1995
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Presentation of Olival

Olival Commune was one of the pre-2013 communes of Vila Nova de Gaia Municipality (q.v.); it had 5812 inhabitants in 2011 and covered 8.0 km².
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Former Lever commune (until 2013)

[Lever commune (until 2013)] 2:3 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a field quartered of red and white.
Source: here
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Coat of arms

Shield Argent with base wavy of Azure and Argent, two fish affront Azure eyed Gules, in central chief a cross patty Gules charged with a Greek cross Argent and flanked by two grapevines Purpure leaved Vert. Mural crown Argent with four visible towers (town rank) and white scroll with inscription in black initials "LEVER".
Source: communal webpage
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Published in Diário da República: III Série on
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Presentation of Lever

Lever Commune was one of the pre-2013 communes of Vila Nova de Gaia Municipality (q.v.); it had 2794 inhabitants in 2011 and covered 6.9 km².
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Former Crestuma commune (until 2013)

[Crestuma commune (until 2013)] 2:3 image by Sérgio Horta, 9 Dec 2015

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a field quartered of red and white.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Coat of arms

Shield Or with base wavy of Azure and Or, a coiler Gules, in dexter chief an embattled tower Sable with port and windows Gules, in sinister chief an inescutcheon Azure charged with 13 paltes ordered 2:3:2:3:2:1. Mural crown Argent with three visible towers (village rank) and white scroll with inscription in black initials "CRESTUMA".
Meaning:
The commune's name is derived from "Castro e Uima", which is "castle and Uima (river)", and is alluding to an old fortress, which closed the mouth of River Uima. The inescutcheon, the pattern is called "Portugal antigo" (= Portugal ancient), is referring to the importance of the location for the onset of the Portuguese nation. The base wavy is symbolizing the rivers Douro and Uima. The coiler is representing the textiles industries with its spinning mills.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015

Published in Diário da República: III Série on 19 May 1993
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


Presentation of Crestuma

Crestuma Commune was one of the pre-2013 communes of Vila Nova de Gaia Municipality (q.v.); it had 2621 inhabitants in 2011 and covered 4.9 km².
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Dec 2015


back to Vila Nova de Gaia Communes click here


 
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