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Castanheira de Pera Municipality (Portugal)

Concelho de Castanheira de Pera, Distrito de Leiria

Last modified: 2018-06-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: castanheira de pera | coentral | millwheels(2) | chestnut tree | chestnut(branch) | snow well | goat | star(8-point) | base(wavy) |
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[Castanheira de Pera municipality] 2:3 image by Sérgio Horta, 6 Mar 2007
See also:

About the Flag

It is a fairly typical Portuguese municipal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a plain green background.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 6 Mar 2007

Coat of arms

[Castanheira de Pera municipality CoA] image by Sérgio Horta, 6 Mar 2007

The arms are Argent issuant from a base Vert emphasized Sable (sic) charged with a fess wavy Azure fimbriated Argent a sweet chestnut Proper between two watermill wheels Gules. Mural crown argent with four visible towers (town rank) and white scroll reading in black upper case letters "VILA DE CASTANHEIRA DE PERA". "castanheira de pera" means (or rather seems to mean) "chestnut's pear" though the latter element is not depicted in the arms. Rightfully so, for (according to this page the word "pera" in this case does not mean "pear" (which would be the partly homophonous "pêra", in unambiguous spelling) but it is rather a corruption of "pedra" ("stone"). The "chestnut" part of the name, however, is canting.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 6/7 Mar 2007

Flag and coat of arms adopted and published in the official journal Diário do Governo : I Série in 1935.04.30.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 6 Mar 2007

Version without Coat of Arms

Plain (monocoloured) Portuguese subnational flags are not allowed to have variations without arms: plain flags always carry the coat of arms.
Jorge Candeias, 18 Jul 1999

Presentation of Castanheira de Pera

Castanheira de Pera municipality had 3733 inhabitants in 2001 and consisted of 2 communes until 2013 covering 66,86 km². It is part of Leiria District, traditional province and 1999 ref. adm. region Beira Litoral, C.C.R. / NUTS II Centro, and NUTS III Pinhal Interior Norte.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 6 Mar 2007


Castanheira de Pera e Coentral United Commune

Coentral was established as an independent commune in 1691, it belonged - together with Castanheira de Pera - since 1895, definitely since 1899 to Pedrógão Grande municipality. Due to the foundation of a wool fabric in Castanheira de Pera both communes formed a separate municipality in 1914. Both communes merged in 2013 due to the reorganisation of administration and formed the Castanheira de Pera and Coentral United Commune (Portuguese: União das Freguesias de Castanheira de Pera e Coentral).
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 31 July 2014

Castanheira de Pera Commune (until 2013)

About the Flag

[Castanheira de Pera commune (2002 - 2013)] 2:3 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 26 June 2018

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a plain green field.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 26 June 2018

Coat of arms

Shield Argent with base wavy of Azure and Argent, a chestnut tree eradicated Vert fruited Gules capsuled Argent, in central chief an 8-point-star Gules. Mural crown Argent with three visible towers (village rank) and white scroll with inscription in black initials "FREGUESIA DE CASTANHEIRA DE PERA".
Meaning:
The chestnut tree (Port.: castanheira) is a canting element.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 4 Aug 2015

Flag and arms published in Diário da República: III Série on 4 April 2002
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 26 June 2018

Presentation of Castanheira de Pera

Castanheira de Pera Commune was one of the two communes of the Castanheira de Pera municipality. It had 3091 in 2011 and covered 50.4 km².
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 26 June 2018

Coentral Commune (until 2013)

About the Flag

[Castanheira de Pera-Coentral (2002 - 2013)] 2:3 image by Sérgio Horta, 5 Jan 2008

It is a typical Portuguese communal flag, with the coat of arms centred on a plain green field.
António Martins-Tuválkin,

Coat of arms

[Castanheira de Pera-Coentral (2002 - 2013)  CoA] image by Sérgio Horta, 5 Jan 2008

The arms are Argent a snow well Sable masoned Argent between two chestnut branches Vert fruited Or, in base a nanny goat passant Gules emphasized Or. Mural crown Argent with three visible towers (village rank) and white scroll reading in black upper case letters "COENTRAL"
Meaning:
" Coentral" means something like " coriander grove" (" coentro" = " coriander/cilantro" ), but this meaning is not apparent in the arms (though every thing else is.)
António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 Jan 2008

Flag and arms published in Diário da República: III Série on 12 July 2002
António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 Jan 2008

Presentation of Coentral

Coentral Commune was one of the two communes of the Castanheira de Pera municipality. It had 154 inhabitants in 2001 and just 100 in 2011 and covered 16.8 km².
António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 Jan 2008


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