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Police district (Poland)
Police county, Zachodnio-Pomorskie voivodship
Last modified: 2017-11-11 by andrew weeks
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image by Gunnar Staack, 22 Oct 2001
Image based on Flaga 12. German name: Pölitz.
Remains of the oldest settlements on Police's land date from late Paleoliticum
- about 8000 years BC. In a region of Swidwie lake lived a tribe of Prapoliczna.
On the high lands of Msciecin first colonists settled during the age of
late Noelithicum, representing the culture of ceramics. Between IX and
XI Century an early Middle Aged stronghold existed. Afterwards Slavs established
a settlement in the region of nowadays Police's market square. First written
record about it was made in 1254. In 1260 Pomeranian Prince Barnim I granted
Magdeburg city laws to Police. In 1311 Prince Otto III attached Police
to Szczecin, being afraid of the stronghold at Lapia river. The city lost
autonomy for five next centuries.
After reclaiming autonomy in 1808 the city flourished again. A lot of
public utilities were made: town hall, schools, new church, river harbor
on Lapia river. Ferry conveyance was launched across Odra - Domiaza connecting
Police with Swieta.
Police's development period was terminated by the Second World War.
Rulers of III Reich decided to build s big synthetic gas factory. High
class gas was produced or the German army. The gas was made of coal and
used for instance to propel submarines. During that time in a region of
Police there also existed 8 work camps and a branch of concentration camp
of Stutthof. In that camps lived 30 thousand prisoners of different nationalities.
13 thousand prisoners including 9 thousand Poles did not make it till the
end of the war.
The city of Police became Polish in October 1946. Before that, Russians
made so-called Enclave of Police - transfer point of war prizes taken out
The real turning point in terms of city development came in the middle
60's, when a decision to build a chemical plant near Police was made. From
that point the number of settlers (now 35 thousand people) has increasing
rapidly. Nowadays Police is modern, taken care of, developmental city.
From 1999 there is a Starosty District of Authorities in Police.
Source Police homepage.
Gunnar Staack, 22 Oct 2001
Police ceremonial flag
image by Jens Pattke, 3 Mar 2003
Image after "Wappen und Flaggen der Kreise und Kreisstädte in Pommern",
by Erwin Günther.
Jens Pattke, 3 Mar 2003
Police Coat of Arms
image from this
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