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Batavian Republic (1795-1806) (the Netherlands)
Bataafsche Republiek / Bataafsch Gemeenebest
Last modified: 2017-11-11 by andrew weeks
Keywords: batavian republic | virgin | lion | naval ensign | jack |
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by Mark Sensen, 19 January 1999
For a certain time the Batavian Republic was officially called Bataafsch
Gemeenebest (Batavian Commonwealth), but I don't know when exactly.
Mark Sensen, 19 January 1999
I have seen an illustration of the flag of the Batavian Republic (the former
United Provinces of the Netherlands) which was the Dutch tricolour with
a small white canton (to the depth of the red stripe only) bearing a charge
of Liberty (represented by an identical classically-draped female figure)
being defended by a lion.
Roy Stilling, 26 January 1996
Technically it was not a national flag, but a flag of the navy. When
Louis Bonaparte (Napoleons youngest brother) was king of the Kingdom of
the Netherlands (1806-1810) he tried to add the arms (quartered; I and
IV Dutch lion, II and III French eagle) in the plain Dutch flag, but withdrew
his proposal when it was clear to him that it wouldn't be accepted by the
Mark Sensen, 27 January 1996
In [wiL86] Wilson 1986, p. 60:
... the Netherlands passed under French domination after the
French Revolution, and the so-called 'Batavian Republic' was formed. On
14 February 1796 it was ordered that the naval (but not the merchant) flags
be altered by the insertion of a panel containing 'a representation of
a female figure in a graceful attitude seated in a patch of greenery, and
holding a spear on which is the Cap of Liberty ... At her feet a lion in
a sitting or rather reclining position with its head turned sideways and
with a fierce and grim expression on its face...' A full range of naval
flags and pennants featuring this device were used by the navy of the Republic
in the years that followed... The Batavian device was abandoned after the
Republic gave way to a monarchy in 1806.
He cites H.A. Treu "De Koninklijke Hollandse Vlag van 1806-1810", Marineblad
1 (1970), pp. 483-496.
Jarig Bakker, 21 May 1999
by Mark Sensen, 8 Sep 2001
...an image of a Virgin in an elegant pose
Jarig Bakker, 19 January 1999
sitting on some lover or green
holding a spear
on which the Hat of Freedom is carried, while at her feet a Lion
sitting or perhaps a bit lying down is drawn with the Head turns
with a norse and grim face...
by Mark Sensen, 20 May 1999
Command flag Vice Admiral De Winter
by Mark Sensen, 20 May 1999
Flag used by Vice Admiral De Winter at the Battle of Camperdown/Kamperduin,
1797: a (very) dark blue flag with the jack in the
Mark Sensen, 20 May 1999 and Jarig Bakker, 21 May 1999
Flag plate from 1796 and other sources
A scan of a plate with the ensign, jack, standard and pennant can be found
Because this plate shows the reverse sides of the flags, some drawings
show the canton of the ensign mirrored. These are erroneous; the virgin
and lion should be looking to the fly, not the hoist.
The plate itself (which is kept in the Maritime Museum "Prins Hendrik"
in Rotterdam, Inv.nr. Cdj667, size 345x460 mm) was made by H. Roosing in
The plate can be found in [smi75b] Smith
1975, page 162 in the chapter about the Dutch flag, and in [vis90]
Visser 1990) p. 20.
More about the flags of the Batavian Republic can be found in:
Mark Sensen, 19 January 1999 and 20 May 1999, and Jarig Bakker,
20 May 1999
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