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Queretaro (Mexico)

Estado de Querétaro

Last modified: 2020-03-07 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | queretaro | querétaro |
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[Flag of Queretaro] 4:7 | [One or more variants under the same basic design] | [Civil and State flag]
Flag and coat of arms adopted: by Ley del Escudo, la Bandera y el Himno del Estado de Querétaro promulgated on 2 September 2015, published on 21 september 2015, in effect on 22 september 2015.
Previous regulations 29 October 1655 (Royal order granting a coat of arms to the City of Santiago de Querétaro; Decree que establece las características del Escudo de Querétaro published on 27 December 1979.
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 17 October 2014.


See also:

Presentation of Queretaro

  • Official name (Spanish): Estado Libre y Soberano de Querétaro
  • Official name (English): Free and Sovereign State of Queretaro
  • Short-form names: State of Queretaro; Queretaro
  • Location: State located in Center-south of Mexico. Between the 21º40' and 20º01' Lat. North, and 99º03' and 100º36' Long. South. It limits the Mexican States of Guanajuato (W and NW), San Luis Potosi (N), Hidalgo (E), Mexico (state of) (SE),and Michoacan de Ocampo (SW).
  • Area: 11 699 km2
  • Municipalities: 18
  • Population: 2 043 851 inhabitants (2015)
  • Capital: Santiago de Querétaro (801 940 inhabitants [2010])
  • Statehood: October 3, 1824
  • Flag and coat of arms adopted: by Ley del Escudo, la Bandera y el Himno del Estado de Querétaro promulgated on 2 September 2015, published on 20 september 2015, in effect on 21 september 2015.

The flag

[Flag of the State of Queretaro
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 17 October 2014.


    Official construction sheet

[Construction sheet of the flag of the State of Queretaro
From the Ley del Escudo, la Bandera y el Himno del Estado de Querétaro Reported by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 17 October 2014.


The flag adopted by act passed by the state congress on 1 October 2014 describes the "Flag of Queretaro" as white rectangle with a ratio between the width and the length of four to seven, bearing in the center the Coat of Arms of the State of Queretaro, placed so that it occupies three-quarters of the flag's width. The same law remarks that public buildings and educational campuses must have a sample of the State flag, in order to give honors and use it in civic events. The act provides that this flag must be hoisted all or half mast, according to whether holiday or duel, respectively, at the headquarters of the State powers, civic squares and schools, in solemn State dates. It is also mentioned that is forbiden to alter any feature of the State Flag, to add or remove elements to its legal characteristics in its reproduction, except the official denomination of the public or educational institutions that use it, in its case. It is forbiden also to use the State Flag in such a way that implies a lack of respect.

From Aprueba Comisión de Educación, Cultura, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Ley del Escudo, Bandera e Himno de Querétaro
Reported and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 12 October 2014.


Coat of arms

[Coat of arms of the State of Queretaro
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 17 October 2014.

The coat of arms of Queretaro dates back to 29 October 1665, when, by order, it was granted to the Most Noble and Loyal City of Queretaro, as a result of a series of rules by which the city reached such a privilege. The rules explain the meaning of the coat of arms granted to the city: "... for the huge devotion to the Holy Cross, and the great deeds performed by it, grants by arms to the city a large shield divided in two fields, the first one in dark blue in memory of the eclipse occurred that day, a sun whose rays serve as a base to a red cross, and on each side a silver star. Bellow, the second field shall be divided in two parts, in one, shall be painted some golden ears of wheat and, because of the fertile soil, a grapevine covered by fruit, all on a light blue field, alluding to the sky of this city...". The missing field includes "... for the referred devotion, a depiction of Saint James armed and in his cloak, on the same color as the upper field..." and above the whole achievement, the king's arms. The coat of arms was approved and confirmed by Royal Act decreed by Philip V of Spain on 29 September 1712.

Subsequently, the coat of arms was removed several elements related to the Spanish royalty, leaving only the central part. Instead of the royal arms, the Mexican coat of arms (eagle devouring a snake above a prickly pear) was placed atop of the field. To the sides, two Mexican tricolor flags were placed, standing for the integration of Queretaro into the Mexican federation. In the lower part of the shield were added several symbols of war, guns, bullets and arrows recalling the important participation of Queretaro in the military history of Mexico, especially in the resistance against the second Mexican Empire, led by Maximilian of Habsburg.

From Querétaro and El Escudo de Querétaro
Reported and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 12 October 2014.

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