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Jalisco (Mexico)

Estado Libre y Soberano de Jalisco

Last modified: 2023-05-06 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | jalisco | lion | nueva galicia | tree | nueva españa | guadalajara |
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Flag of Jalisco with smaller coat of arms in use sinc 2020 4:7 [Civil and State flag]
by Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco and Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 22 May 2011
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |
Adopted By decree 23121/LIX/10 published on 7 August 2010, in effect from 8 August 2010.
In use since 2020, officially hoisted on 10 January 2023.


In this page See: Municipalities of Jalisco See also:


Flag

The flag consists of a rectangular field divided vertically it two equal stripes, the hoist is blue and the fly is yellow, with the coat of arms in the middle of the flag. The Law of 2010 describes the flag and coat of arms clearly, nevertheless serveral versions are used, specially regarding the size and form of the coat of arms.
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 23 July 2022


From the Ley de los símbolos Oficiales del Estado de Jalisco

Capítulo I - Disposiciones Generales

(...)

Artículo 2. Símbolos oficiales.

1. Los símbolos oficiales del Estado de Jalisco son: el escudo, la bandera y el himno del estado.

(...)

Capítulo III - Bandera del Estado

Artículo 10. Características de la Bandera del Estado.

1. La Bandera del Estado tiene las siguientes características:

I. Consiste en un rectángulo dividido en dos franjas verticales de medidas idénticas, con los colores en el siguiente orden a partir del asta: azul y oro;
II. Entre las franjas, azul y oro, y al centro, tiene el escudo oficial, con un diámetro de tres cuartas partes del ancho de una franja;
III. La proporción entre anchura y longitud de la bandera, es de cuatro a siete; y
IV. Podrá llevar un lazo o corbata de los mismos colores, al pie de la moharra.

Artículo 11. Uso de la Bandera del Estado.

1. Los edificios públicos y los planteles educativos deben contar con la Bandera del Estado, con el objeto de rendirle honores y utilizarse en actos cívicos.

2. El saludo civil a la Bandera del Estado es de pie en posición de firmes, con la mano derecha extendida sobre el pecho y la palma hacia abajo a la altura del corazón, y con la cabeza descubierta.

3. La Bandera del Estado no saluda a persona o símbolo alguno, salvo mediante ligera inclinación y sin tocar el suelo a:

I. Otra bandera estatal, nacional o extranjera;
II. Los restos o símbolos de los héroes de la Patria o del Estado; o
III. El Presidente de la República, el Gobernador del Estado o un Jefe de Estado extranjero en caso de reciprocidad internacional, para corresponder su saludo.

Which translated reads (summary)

    - The official symbols of the State of Jalisco are the coat of arms, the flag and the state's anthem.
    - The flag of the state is a rectangle divided into two equal vertical stripes in blue and gold from the hoist.
    - Centered between the two stripes bears the official coat of arms with a diameter of three quarters of the width of one the stripes.
    - The ratio of the flag is 4:7.
    - The flag could carry a rope or a cravat of the same colors bellow the truck.
    - Public buildings and schools shall have a state flag to honor it and to be used in civic ocassions.
    - The salute to the flag is in standing position with the right hand extended on one's chest at the heart's height with the palm downwards and uncovered head.
    - The flag salutes no person nor symbols but:
      + To another flag, either state, national, foreingner.
      + To Remains or symbols of the heroes, both national or state.
      + To the president of Mexico, the state governor or foreign head of state in case of reciprocity.

Decree 23121/LIX/10 "Ley de los símbolos Oficiales del Estado de Jalisco"
Reported and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 7 July, 2011


Flag variant

Variant of Jalisco state flag
by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 22 February 2023
1 | 2 | 3 |


Coat of arms

  • 2010 - present
  • 1989 - 2023

    Coat of arms of the State of Jalisco
    by Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, 7 July, 2011


    From the Ley de los símbolos Oficiales del Estado de Jalisco:

    Capítulo I - Disposiciones Generales

    (...)

    Artículo 2. Símbolos oficiales.

    1. Los símbolos oficiales del Estado de Jalisco son: el escudo, la bandera y el himno del estado.

    (...)

    Capítulo II - Escudo del Estado

    Artículo 7. Características del Escudo del Estado.

    1. El Escudo del Estado es el escudo de armas de la ciudad de Guadalajara y tiene las siguientes características:

    I. Presenta la parte inferior redondeada y con abundantes trasoles que rodean el emblema en ambos flancos, abarcando desde la parte superior hasta casi llegar a la base del escudo;
    II. Dentro del escudo se encuentran dos leones de su color puestos en salto, arrimadas las manos a un pino de oro realzado de verde, en campo azul, orla de siete aspas coloradas y el campo de oro; y
    III. Por timbre y yelmo cerrado y por divisa una bandera colorada con una cruz de Jerusalén de oro, puesta en una vara de lanza, con trasoles, dependencias y follajes de azul y oro.

    Which translated reads (summary)

      - The official symbols of the State of Jalisco are the coat of arms, the flag and the state's anthem.
      - The State coat of arms is that of the city of Guadalajara.
      - It is rounded in the point with an abundant mantling surrounding the emblem from the top to the point.
      - Two lions lying in their colors on a pine three on a blue field. Seven red crooses on a gold filed border the shield.
      - A helmet in the top, and a red flag charged with a golden Jerusalem cross on a lance. Mantling is blue and gold.

    Decree 23121/LIX/10: "Ley de los símbolos Oficiales del Estado de Jalisco"
    Reported and translated by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 7 July, 2011


    Coat of arms of the State of Jalisco
    by Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, 22 May, 2011

    Artículo 4. El Escudo de Armas de la Ciudad de Guadalajara, capital del Estado de Jalisco, que representa la historia, costumbres, idiosincrasia y valores del pueblo de Jalisco; además de los colores azul y oro, se consideran representativos y oficiales del Estado de Jalisco.
    (...)
    Artículo 6. El Escudo de Armas se compone por las siguientes características particulares:
    I. Presenta la parte inferior redondeada y con abundantes trasoles que rodean el emblema en ambos flancos, abarcando desde la parte superior hasta casi llegar a la base del escudo
    II. Dentro del escudo se encuentran dos leones de su color puestos en salto, arrimadas las manos a un pino de oro realzado de verde, en campo azul, orla de siete aspas coloradas y el campo de oro; y
    III. Por timbre y yelmo cerrado y por divisa una bandera colorada con una cruz de Jerusalén de oro, puesta en una vara de lanza, con trasoles, dependencias y follajes de azul y oro.

    Congreso del Estado de Jalisco
    Located by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán,
    December, 2008.


    This coat of arms was given to the City of Guadalajara by Royal decree of H.M. King Carlos V in 1542, the year the city was founded. Truly unprecedented, as it was not in the policy of the Crown to give Coats of Arms to cities in the New World, it was done probobly because rather than being a conquered city, it was one that was founded anew by and for Spaniards. We can see in the centre, a tree with two lions climing it.

    Does this look familiar? Yes, it resembles the coat of arms of Madrid. Yet, rather than a single bear climbing up a tree, we see two lions. This is no surprise, as the New World was colonised out of Andalucía. And just like the Andalusian dialect was the one taken to the New World, so it was shown in the influence of this Coat of Arms, as Andalucía's has two lions, those were put in place of the bear. Thus, we can see the influence of both Castilla and Andalucía in Guadalajara.

    Jesús Aceves, 14 Nov., 1998.


    Regarding the coat of arms, it was adopted by decree No. 13661 probably dated on October 1989. Nevertheless there are publications previous to this date that already assign this coat-of-arms to the state of Jalisco. The text of the decree says:

    It is declared as representative and official of the State of Jalisco, the coat of arms of the city of Guadalajara and the blue and gold colours.

    Article 1. It is declared as representative and official of the state of Jalisco, the coat-of-arms of the city of Guadalajara, capital of the state, described as follows: A shield, and inside it two lions proper in posture of jumping [i.e., rampant], their hands reaching a pine of gold highlighted in green, in blue field, border of seven red saltires and gold field; for crest a closed helmet crowned by a red flag with a cross of Jerusalem in gold, attached to a spear, with trasoles, dependencies and leaves [sic] of blue and gold.

    Article 2. Blue and gold are official colours of the state of Jalisco.

    Article 3. The coat-of-arms of the State of Jalisco will be used with due respect by the dependencies of government and by the social groups that represent the entity, inside and outside the national territory, as well as by the citizens of Jalisco in general.

    TRANSITORY:

    This decree will come into effect on 8 November of the current year, date of the 450 anniversary of the Royal Decree of 1539 that granted coat of arms to the city of Guadalajara, and must published in the Official Journal of the State of Jalisco as well as in one of the State's main newspapers'.The description of the coat-of-arms reproduces literally the decree of Emperor Charles V of Germany and Queen Joan of Castille of 8 November 1539, preserved in file 230 AGI Guadalajara, Archive of Indias, Seville, Spain.

    Jaume Ollé, Flag Report 13, May 9, 2001
    Reported by: Juan Manuel Gabino Villacán, July 17, 2001


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