Last modified: 2024-01-13 by martin karner
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The 'Provisional Government' of Israel which was the governing
body until the first elections included members who came mostly
from socialist parties. The leading party was Israel Land
Workers Party (MAPAI) which after some unifications and
distributions is today's Israel Labour
Party which was in power in 1948–1977 and 1992–1996. The
Freedom Movement (Kherut) which also after some
unifications is today's Likud Party
was a rival fraction in 1948 and therefore had no part in the
Dov Gutterman, 19 February 1999
The flags used during the 1999 political campaign lacked any
vexillological value, in my humble opinion. All parties used
flags which were usually the name of the party or a slogan on a
bed sheet. There were so many variants to each party, you cannot
even speak about semi-official flags. Major parties used
combinations of blue-azure-white. Some parties used green on
white or red and white.
The only party that showed something that can be considered as a semi-official flag was Meretz. In the flag of Ale-Yarok (Green Leaf) party, the famous green leaf replaced the Magen David on the Israeli flag.
Dov Gutterman, 19 May 1999
Both the Likud party, the
Labour party and the Moledet flags all show their
logo [instead of the Magen David] on the national flag which is a common practice in
Israel since many municipalities follow
this pattern too.
Dov Gutterman, 13 December 2000
The Arab Parties in the Knesset are:
Dov Gutterman, 29 December 2000
Voting in Israel is done by choosing a note with letter or
combination of letters printed on it which represent the party
desire. Those letters usually don't reflect the real name of the party.
For instance, the labour party use the combination alef-mem-taf (which by no coincidence means Emet = Truth) which is combination of the previous letters of three parties, one of each no longer part of the labour party – Alef of MAPAI – Taf from the taf-vav of Akhdut Ha'Avoda and mem of MAPAM, letter to give the mem to MERETZ). The Likud party use mem-het-lamed which is also combination of previous letters of three parties – mem from the ayin-mem of La'Am, het of
Herut and lamed of the Liberals).
When "Shas" was established the asked and got the letters shin-sameh, and as become with other parties (such as MERETZ), the party is more known by its letters then by its official name.
Dov Gutterman, 12 January 2003
Each party got its own "letter" or combination of
letters which sometimes became a second "nickname" for
the party or sometimes its publicly known name. Those letters
are not alaways connected with the party name.
Therefore the Labour Party is sometimes regarded also as Reshimat Emet (Emet List). Same goes with the leading Likud Party, sometimes also regarded as MAHAL list becouse of its letters: Mem-Het-Lamed.
From the other hand, Shinui Party in not known as YESH (Yud-Shin) list but as "Shinui" and same goes about the MAFDAL which is not BET list.
The extreme case is SHAS which is publicly known only by its letters (Shin-Sameh) and almost never regarded by its official name.
Dov Gutterman, 10 June 2003
After series of wrong doings by parties, especially in with
raising and using of funds, the Knesset enacted an act in 1992
that specify rules about what is right and what is wrong.
Since 1992, when registration become obligatory, 74 parties were registered. 2 already notify their disseverment so, today 72 parties are registered.
However, many of those parties exist only on paper or stopped any activity, and just didn't bother to dissolve officially. Only 37 parties in 31 lists take part in 2006 elections.
Dov Gutterman, 28 March 2006