Last modified: 2013-07-12 by ivan sache
Keywords: bordes | letters: adb (blue) | letters: adbf (blue) |
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House flag of Bordes, from left ro right, after Brown, Lloyds, Randier, and The Liverpool Chamber of Commerce - Images by Jarig Bakker & Ivan Sache, 17 October 2005
Borde is named for his founder, Antoine-Dominique Bordes (1815-1881). Aged
18, Bordes went to Valparaíso (Chile), where he managed a shipping agency for Captain Le Quellec, a shipowner from Bordeaux. In 1847, he signed an agreement with Le Quellec for transporting saltpeter, copper and guano from Chile to France and coal from France to Chile. The two associates owned the iron sailing ship Blanche et Louise and six
wooden sailing ships. Two years later, they inaugurated the
Valparaíso-Bordeaux line; duration of the journey was 170 days.
After Le Quellec's death in 1869, Bordes went back to Bordeaux and purchased Le Quellec's shares from his son. He settled in Paris, rue du Conservatoire, where he stayed until his death. Bordes ordered from the Clyde shipyard, in Scotland, 14 iron three-masters and ten smaller three-masters, then operating 24 ships. In 1870, Bordes opened lines to Liverpool (England) and Glasgow (Scotland). In 1870, he organized the importation of saltpeter to France, with agencies in Dunkirk, Nantes, La Rochelle and Bordeaux. Until 1880, he ordered 27 new ships and its first four-master, La Union. Several of his ships had Chilean names.
In 1880, Bordes purchased 11 sailing ships
from his competitors hit by the crisis of the shipping market. When Antoine-Dominique Bordes died in 1881, the company owned 41 ships. He was succeeded by his sons Adolphe, Alexandre
and Antonin. In 1890, they purchased the five-master France (110 m, 6,200 tons), then the biggest sailing ship in the world.
In 1905, Bordes was the first sailing shipowner in the world, with 33 ships. In 1910, the Valentine, the most rapid ship ever owned by Bordes, travelled from Iquique (Chile) to the Isle of Wight in 56 days. At that time, the main competitor of Bordes was the German shipowner Ferdinand Laeisz, who operated the famous "P" line and launched the Potosi (1895) and the Preussen (1902), which was even bigger than the France.
In 1914, Bordes operated 46 ships and employed 60 captains, 170 officers and 1400 seamen. Half of the saltpeter imported to Europe was transported by Bordes, which made 75% of the freight of the port of Dunkirk.
During the First World War, saltpeter transportation, required by the
war effort since saltpeter was a component of gun powder, was not
stopped. The Bordes company was renamed Compagnie
d'Armement et d'Importation des Nitrates de Soude by the French state . In 122
transatlantic journeys, the 46 ships operated by Bordes resupplied the
French ports. Bordes lost 18 sailing ships. The Valentine was
captured on 4 November 1914 by the German corsair ship Prinz Ertel
Friedrich and burnt down on 19 November near Easter Island; the crewwas rescued by the American steamer Sacramento. The steel four-master
Jacqueline was sunk on 25 September 1917 by a German submarine. In
1917, the British cruiser Mantua mistook the Quillota, owned by
Bordes, for the German corsair ship Seeadler and sunk it.
Bordes ceased its activity in 1925. From 1848 to 1925, the company operated 127 sailing ships. The Bordes brother died in the 1940s. They bequeathed the scale models of their ships to the Musée de la Marine (Maritime Museum) in Paris in 1935.
Ivan Sache, 4 September 2005
The house flag of Bordes is with a red border and the blue letters "ADB". Randier shows dots after the letter, Brown and Lloyds do not.
The Liverpool Chamber of Commerce sheet of 1885 gives a slightly different flag version with the letters being "A.D.B.&F."
Jarig Bakker, Dominique Cureau, Neale Rosanoski & Ivan Sache, 17 October 2005