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Crozon (Municipality, Finistère, France)

Kraozon

Last modified: 2023-11-11 by olivier touzeau
Keywords: crozon | morgat | sant-hernot |
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[Flag]

Flag of Crozon - Image by Olivier Touzeau , 5 December 2021


See also:


Presentation of Crozon

The municipality of Crozon (7,415 inhabitants in 2016; 8,037 ha; municipal website) is located on a cross-shaped paeninsula in western Brittany.

The village of Crozon is located in the center of the peaninsula while the municipal territory encompasses a big proportion of the paeninsula (including the southern arm of the cross), making of Crozon France's 4th largest municipality by its area. The municipality is composed of 155 villages and hamlets, 60 kms of coasts and 12 kms of beaches, the most famous of them being the cove of Morgat, located 3 km south of the village of Crozon.

Crozon (in Breton, Craon, Kraon or Kraozon) was known in 1162 as Crahaudon. This name comes from the Celtic roots *cravo, "a stony place", and *dunon, "a fortified place" (see also Verdun, Châteaudun, Dun, Lyon [Lugdunum], Dinan, Dinard...) Therefore, the name of Crozon has nothing to do with a cross (Breton, kroazh), as it could have been expected from the shape of the paeninsula.
The parish church of Crozon keeps an altarpiece from the 17th century, composed of 24 sculpted and painted wooden panels, relating the crucifixion of 10,000 soldiers converted to Christianism on Mount Ararat under Roman Emperor Hadrian.
The great actor and theater director Louis Jouvet (1887-1951) was born in Crozon.

Ivan Sache, 1 November 2004


Flag of Crozon

The municipal flag since at least 2013 is white with logo (photo, 2013; photo).

Olivier Touzeau , 5 December 2021


Former flag of Crozon

[Flag]

Flag of Crozon - Image by Arnaud Leroy, 3 November 2004, after a photo taken by Hervé Prat

The flag of Crozon is white with the municipal coat of arms in the center, "Or a lion sable a bordure gules three mascles lozenges or".
The arms are based on the seal of the County of Crozon, dated 1525. The coat of arms shown on the municipal flag is erroneous: the lion should be morné, that is without claws and teeth.

The Municipal Council of Crozon decided to adopt arms on 17 December 1977; the final design was produced in 1979 by sculptor Yann Nicolas and signed "Yan et Mona Nicolas".
The design was inspired by the arms of the former county of Crozon and dependencies (barony of Poulmic and domain of Rosmadec), found on a seal used in 1525): "Or a lion morné sable (Léon) a bordure gules three mascles or (Rohan)".

The county of Crozon belonged to the Léon family until the marriage of Jeanne de Léon with Jean I de Rohan in 1363. Beforehand, the county was the appanage of the Cornouailles junior branch, transferred to the Léon junior branch in 1180.
The last lords of Crozon were Anne Marie Renée de la Port (1661-?), wife of François Louis Rousselet, Marquis de Châteaurenault (1637-1716), Emmanuel Rousselet de Châteaurenault ?-1749), husband of Marie Émilie de Noailles, and, subsequently, of Anne Julie de Montmorency; Marie Sophie Rousselet de Chateaurenault (1726-1792), wife of Charles Henri, Count of Estaing (1729-1794). In the modern arms, the shield is surmounted by a helmet with lambrequins, a count's coronet and a swan spreading wings, inspired from the tombstone of the Trébéron family, found in the parish church. The shield is supported by "Romanesque foliage"; beneath the shield, a scroll azure is inscribed in letters or with the town's motto, "Etre daou Vor", Berton for "Between two Seas", and charged with a Breton ermine spot at each end (source: municipal website). The motto recalls the geographical location of Crozon, the two seas being the Roadstead of Brest in the north and the Bay of Douarnenez in the south.

Ivan Sache, 1 November 2004, completed 29 January 2022


Yacht clubs

Association des Plaisanciers de Morgat

[Burgee]         [Burgee]

Burgee of APM, current and former versions - Images by Ivan Sache, 28 December 2020

The resort of Morgat was launched in the beginning of the 20th century by Armand Peugeot, who built there hotels for the holidays of his company's executives. Morgat is known for its beach and its marine caves, namely the Devil's Room and the Altar's Cave.
A scenic coastal path (formerly a customers' path) going on the cliffs links Morgat to Goat's Cape, the end of the southern arm of the "cross" of Crozon, and goes further on the western side of the arm of the "cross" to the Dinan Point via the beach of la Palud. Dinan castle is a huge rock linked to the mainland by a narrow natural arch.

APM was established in 1979 as Association des Usagers du Port de Plaisance de Crozon-Morgat, to be renamed to Association des Plaisanciers de Morgat in 1992
The burgee of APM is white with a blue border and the club's emblem, which was adopted in 1996.
The previous burgee, adopted in 1992 with the club's new name, was white with the club's previous emblem.
The club's very first burgee was blue with the club's very first emblem.
[APM website]

Ivan Sache, 28 December 2020


Sant-Hernot Yacht Club

[Burgee]

Burgee of SHYC - Image by Ivan Sache, 27 February 2012

The Sant-Hernot Yacht-Club (SNYC; website), founded on 18 September 2006 in Crozon, is named for the village of Saint-Hernot (Breton, Sant-Hernot), located south of Morgat.
The burgee of SNYC is light blue with a yellow border and a dark blue cross throughout. A yellow disk is placed on the lower arm of the cross. The disk would, more or less, represent the geographical location of Saint-Hernot.

Ivan Sache, 27 February 2012


Proposal of flag for the paeninsula of Crozon

[Flag]

Flag proposed for the paeninsula of Crozon - Image by Ivan Sache, 3 November 2004

A proposal of flag for the paeninsula of Crozon made by Bernard Le Brun is shown by Philippe Rault in his book on the Breton flags [rau98].
The flag is blue with a green off-centered cross bordered yellow. In canton, a yellow symbol is made of an ermine spot and a voided lozenge.
The off-centered cross recalls the geography of the paeninsula. The green colour stands for Parc Naturel Régional d'Armorique, to which belongs the paeninsula. PNR d'Armorique includes the islands of Ushant, Molène, Sein and the other uninhabited neighboring islands, the paeninsula of Crozon and the Monts d'Arrée. The blue color stands for the sea and the yellow color for the beaches. The symbol represents Brittany (ermine spot) and the Rohan family (lozenges / mascles), once the local rulers.

Ivan Sache, 3 November 2004


 
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