Last modified: 2015-10-18 by ivan sache
Keywords: santa fe |
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Flag of Santa Fe - Image from the Símbolos de Granada website, 21 May 2014
The municipality of Santa Fe (15,168 inhabitants in 2014; 3,820 ha; municipal website) is located 10 km west of Granada.
Santa Fe was established in 1491, as the military camp where the Catholic Kings prepared the assault against Granada. The town, inaugurated on 2 October 1491, was designed on the model of the town of Briviesca (Province of Burgos, Castila y León), on a quadrangular, regular lattice centered on a main square at the crossing of the two main streets; the town was foritifed and defended by four gates set up at the four windrose directions. On 25 November 1491, Boabdil the Child, the last Moorish king of Granada, signed the capitulations for the surrender of the town to the Catholic Monarchs.
On 17 April 1492, the Catholic Monarchs signed in Sante Fe with Christopher Columbus the Capitulations of Santa Fe (Capitulaciones del Almirante don Cristóbal Colón), which organized and funded his expedition to the New World. The capitulations granted Columbus with the title of Admiral, Vice Roy and Governnor General of all the territories he would conquer all along his life; he was awarded one tenth of all the profits and booty made during the expedition, to be transferred to his heirs.
The Capitulations of Santa Fe were inscribed in July 2009 on UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, with the following notice:
The register of the series Diversorum Sigilli Secreti 9. [Cathalonie et Insularum], which contains The Santa Fe Capitulations (folios 135v-136v), is a document from the Royal Chancery of the King of Aragón, comprising documents stamped with the secret seal and issued by the secretary Juan de Coloma. It begins in November 1490 and ends in December 1493 (with two documents from 1498 and 1503 added at the end). It is a unique document that represents all the Chancery Registers in the Archive of the Crown of Aragón regarding the culture, society, institutions and proceedings of 15th-century Europe. This register corresponds to the current catalogue number of the Archive of the Crown of Aragón: Royal Chancery, Registers, No. 3,569.
The Santa Fe Capitulations is a Royal Chancery document containing the Capitulations Christopher Columbus signed with the monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragón and Isabella I of Castile in Santa Fe de la Vega on 17 April 1492, a few months after the capture of Granada. The Capitulations lay down the conditions under which Columbus was to set off on his first voyage, which involved the discovery of America.
Ivan Sache, 21 May 2014
The flag of Santa Fe (photo) is horizontally divided red-white-green (1:2:1) with the municipal coat of arms in the center.
The coat of arms is "Quarterly, 1. and 4. Per pale, 1. Gules a castle or masoned sable port and windows azure, 2. Argent a lion purpure, 2. and 3. Per pale, 1. Or four pallets gules, 2. Quartered per saltire, 1. and 4. Or four pallets gules, 2. and 3. Argent an eagle sable. Grafted in base argent the letters "F" and "Y" sable. Inescutcheon argent a pomegranate sable faceted gules. A bordure argent inscribed with "SANTA FE" in chief and flanks and charged with a bundle of five arrows in base all sable. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown open."
The arms are similar to those of the Catholic Monarchs, excepted the bordure and the letters in base, which are substituted to the pomegranate, itself placed on the escutcheon.
Neither the flag not the arms appear to have been officially registered.
[Símbolos de Granada website]
Ivan Sache & Klaus-Michael Schneider, 21 May 2014