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Military Flags 1931-1939 (Spain)

Last modified: 2015-07-29 by ivan sache
Keywords: air force region | academy: artillery and engineers | academia de artillería e ingenieros | coat of arms: quartered (castle: yellow) | coat of arms: quartered (lion: purple) | crown: mural (yellow) |
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See also:


Other sites:

  • Vexilología Militar. Antecedentes y Evolución de las Banderas en España 1700-1978 (Military Vexillology. Origins and Evolution of Flags in Spain 1700-1978, Spanish text only) 1700-1808 and 1808-1978 by Luis Sorando [smz], at the Nec Pluribus Impar website
  • Banderas Militares (Military Flags, Spanish text only) image by Sergio Camero:


Introduction

From pictures I have seen, the exact pattern used for Republican brigades varied from one flag to the other but had the same basic elements: republican tricolore defaced with the unit's brigade designation over the COA and other items (logo, nickname, battalion, etc...) below.

Some variations of Republican colours can be seen here.

Marc Pasquin, 24 Nov 2004


First Air Force Region 1931-1939

Primera Región Aérea

[1st Air Force Region 1931-1939 (Spanish Civil War)]
image by Roberto Pla

Roberto Pla, webmaster of the unofficial (but very good) Ejército del Aire website (Spanish Air Force) sent me this image of the flag of the 1st Air (Force) Region during the Second Spanish Republic (1931-1939). His source is a photograph he took of the actual flag in the Spanish Air Museum.

Santiago Dotor, 01 Mar 2001


Artillery and Engineers' Academy 1931-1939

Academia de Artillería e Ingenieros

[Artillery and Engineers' Academy 1931-1939 (Spain)]
image by Sergio Camero, coat-of-arms image by Luis Miguel Arias

This flag follows the new design approved by the Government of the Second Republic in the Ordinance of 27th April 1931:

(...) Flags of [Military] Units shall be of the same shape and dimensions as the Regulation ones used up to now (...) Flagpoles shall be of the same shape and dimensions as the current ones (...)
A later Order of 6th May 1931 specified that the flags should have a 1 m side. Another change is of course the purple colour of the lower stripe, and the size of the stripes which became of equal width, each 1/3 of the flag's height. The Burgundy Cross also disappears except in Legión pennants (guiones and banderines). The arms was modified and the royal crown replaced with a mural one. Source: Manzano 1997 [mzn97].

Sergio Camero, 25 Jan 2002


44th Division, 145th Mixed Brigade

[44th Division, 145th Mixed Brigade 1931-1939 (Spain)]
image by Sergio Camero, coat-of-arms image by Luis Miguel Arias

Flag of the Republican army belonging to the 145 Mixed Brigade. It was auctioned in Paris in 2002. Source: Luis Sorando Muzás.

Sergio Camero, 25 Jan 2002


283 Batallion, 71 Mixed Brigade

71 Brigada Mixta 283 Batallón

[283 Batallion, 71 Mixed Brigade 1931-1939 (Spain)]
image by Eugene Ipavec, xx Apr 2010

Flag of the Republican 71 Brigada Mixta 283 Batallón (original or replica).

Santiago Dotor, 24 Nov 2004

The number of the battalion would make sense for one belonging to the 71st brigade. I couldn't find an order of battle for the 71st but at four battalion per brigade with the the highest of the 69th being 276 and the lowest for the 77th being 305, this would fit in.

Marc Pasquin, 24 Nov 2004


The Legion

La Legión

[The Legion (Spain)]
image by Sergio Camero, 11 Dec 2005

The flag of The Legion ("La Legión") was used between the years 1931-1936. It can be seen in the Museo de la Legión de Ceuta.

Sergio Camero, 11 Dec 2005


 
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