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Santa Cruz (Galapagos, Ecuador)

Cantón Santa Cruz, Puerto ayora

Last modified: 2014-05-17 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: galapagos | santa cruz | puerto ayora |
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image by Jens Pattke, 23 September 2008



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Overview

The flag of canton of San Cruz (capital: Puerto Ayora) is horizontally divided white-yellow-green-blue and at the center of cloth is the cantonal Coat of Arms.
Source: <www.santacruz.gov.ec>.
Jens Pattke, 23 September 2008

The flag
Translation of the Decree:
"The Illustrious Cantonal Council of Santa Cruz According to the remit imparted by the Law on Municipal Regime.
Issues:
The following Decree on the prescription of the flag of the Canton of Santa Cruz:
Article 1.
A flag is prescribed for the Canton of Santa Cruz, of rectangular shape, with proportions similar to those of the national flag, divided in four horizontal stripes of equal height and arranged, from top to bottom, with the colours white, yellow, green and blue.  
Arrticle 2.
In the middle is placed the coat of arms of the Canton of Santa Cruz.
Article 3.
The flag shall be used in the important civic acts and shall be trated with the same dignity as prescriebd for the national flag.
Article 4.
Care shall be taken of the symbolism and, i nthe same time, the Homeland Altar shall be established for the two flags.
Article 5.
White is the perfect symbol of peace, from which this canton breathes and lives, which attracts tourists and takes roots in the locals, in the same time, gives the perfedt human relations that shall maintain the men to avoid the wrath of war.
Article 6.
Yellow means the resources of our soil and the work of its sons.
Article 7.
Green symbolizes hope of the villagers for progress and salvation, and also the greenness of its productive natural environment e enjoyed by man and the animals, which catergorize the efforts of man for his constant development and the advances of civilization.
Article 8.
Blue means the limpid waters that waters our coasts, unique in the world.
Article 9.
The colours shall remain always limpid and bright through the special care by the members of the Community.
Article 10.
Effect. The present Decree shall come into effect after its publication in the Official Register.
Made and signed in the Meeting Room of the Illustrious Cantonal Council of Santa Cruz, on the first day of the month of July 1986.
Pr. Roberto Uribe A. Vice President of the Council Guadalupe
Andrade T. Secretary of the Council.
Certifies that the present Decree was discussed and approved in two distinct sessions held by the Illustrious Municipal Council of Santa Cruz on 17 June and 1 July 1986, having been definitively approved during the last of these two sessions."

Coat of Arms
While the description of the flag is quite straightforward in the Decree, the description of the coat of arms is lengthy and arranged in a very unlogical order, with several general definitions and statements, some of them disputable, that do not make the reading easy. I propose the following, simplified description:
Upper left quarter, a cow grazing in a mountain landscape, on a blue field;
Upper right quarter, a cactus growing in a mountain landscape, on a blue field;
Lower field, a bird and a tortoise in a landscape, a fisher in a boat, two green islands on a blue field;
The shield surmonted by a blue disk charged with a bird spreading wings an standing on a black mount.
The border of the shield  is wrapping branches of Scalesia pedunculata and Miconia robinsoniana.

The cactus is the Galápagos giant cactus (Opuntia echios J.T. Howell var. gigantea), endemic to the Galápagos.
The bird is a Galápagos petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia Salvin), locally known as "pata pegada", endemic to the Galápagos and breeding only on the five islands of Floreana, Isabel, Santa Cruz, San Cristóbal and Santiago.
The tortoise is the Galápagos giant tortoise (Geochelone nigra Quoy & Gaimard), endemic to the Galápagos. Among the 12-15 recognized subspecies, 11 remain, the island of Santa Cruz harbouring six of them.
Scalesia pedunculata Hook., Family Asteraceae, is the daisy tree, endemic to the Galápagos, like all other Scalesia species. From an evolutionary point of view, these species are the plant equivalent of the famous Darwin's finches.
Miconia robinsoniana Cogn., Family Melastomataceae, is the cacaotillo a shrub, found only on the Santa Cruz and San Cristóbal islands.

Translation of the Decree (I have corrected the spelling mistakes in the Latin binomials of plants and animals when required):  
"The Illustrious Cantonal Council of Santa Cruz According to the remit imparted by the Law on Municipal Regime, especially Article 165, a, b and others.
Issues:
The following Decree to prescribe the coat of arms of the Canton of Santa Cruz:
Article 1.
The coat of arms of the "Municipality of the Canton of Santa Cruz" is accepted, which, after its approbation, shall be used in all the official acts and the documents pertaining to the municipality, such as seals, letterheads and other graphics to be sent by the Illustrious Council.
Article 2.
The coat of arms of the Canton of Santa Cruz shall have the following heraldic composition:
The coat of arms of the Canton of Santa Cruz contains in its blason the most salient symbols [...]
Blason:
The shield is decoratively divided in fields and quarters, the conformation of the shield is named blason.
Quarters: Their origin and style date back to the era of renascent romantism.
It is divided in four quarters, the main space called field containing the prominent figures of the blason and being the sacred field, in which are represented the noble actions.
In the secondary spaces are life complements with an heraldic meaning.
Field: It is made of all spaces where the main figures of theplace are shown.
Main space: The "galápago", an endemic species, abundant in this canton thanks to the conservation effort provided by the Service of the National Park of Galápagos and the Charles Darwin Station. The "pata pegada" (Pterodroma phaeopygia), as a bird nesting on the heights of Santa Cruz and feeding from the sea, is presented as an integrating element.
The boat, representing the main means of transportation between the island and the rest of the province and of the country, and the family- oriented fishing, practiced by a part of the population.
Quarters [Chief] - Secondary spaces
In the first space [dexter], a land landscape on the background made of the skyline of the upper zone of the island in green, with a grazing cow as the representationof cattle-breeding and agriculture practiced by the inhabitants.
In the second space [sinister], a cactus (Opuntia echios), representing the unique flora of the island.
Poetry, joint with the eternal peace of the beautiful and inimitable landscape, where the still sky merged with the sea in the productive kiss of the immense divinity.
Azure - Blue tincture
The colour of the sky over the landscapes
The fifth colour of the sun spectrum and the noblest of the five colours used in the blason.
Represents planet Jupiter or Venus and symbolizes piety, loyalty, sweetness, majesty, fidelity, justice, beauty, sky and creation.
Mountains
Including the greatness of the natural environment and the munificence of the lands full of  colour, life and natural resources.
Green - Vert
Emerald, colour of frech grass and plants.
Represents planet Venus; the natural environmentbwith its greening elements, from the jewels like emerald to sweet fruit like apple.
It is the symbol of spring in its plenitude.
It is rigor, courtesy, joy and friendship.
Circle - Third decorative element
In the upper part of the balson is a circle with azure background, symbolizing the world, inscribing a Galápagos hawk (Buteo galapaguensis), the main natural predator representing domination in the ecosystem.
Argent - White metal
The most precious after gold and platinum.
One of the most used in the balson, representing the moon, venerated by the primitive people, the stainless star, large and of marvelous whiteness.
Gules - Red tincture
The most precious colour of the blason, its geometrical oultine dividing it into three quarters.
Its colour represents planet Mars.
The colour which has most life, the first in the solar spectrum venerated as the king star.
For its ressemblance with fire, it is the colour symbolizing war, value, fiercy and active love, the plenitude of divine love and the fire kept by the volcanos.
Ornament
Illustrious piece made of drawings surrounding the shield. This pieces are made of various and capricious drawings, however always in relation with the represented epoch.
The ornaments surrounding the blason show stylized molluscs and seastars, representing the extraordinary beauty of the undersea life surrounding the island.
Crest
Draped ornementals that complete the blason figure, made of fabrics and parchments with capricious wrappings, wrapping branches of _Scalesia pedunculata_ and Miconia robinsoniana, two endemic plants of the island.
According to heraldry, the coat of arms represents the facts, causes, opinions, feelings and interpretations of the traditions, legends and historical echoes of the Illustrious Municipality of Santa Cruz and its inhabitants.
The coat of arms of the Canton of Santa Cruz was elaborated after the strict rules of universal heraldry and science, yielding valuable symbols very representative of the island and its virtues.

Article 3. For no reason shall the symbolism and colours be changed once approved by the Illustrious Municipal Council in the two prescribed sessions.
Article 4. Effect. The present Decree shall come into effect after its publication in the Official Register.
Made and signed in the Meeting Room of the Illustrious Cantonal Council of Santa Cruz, on the first day of the month of July 1986.
Pr. Roberto Uribe A. Vice President of the Council
Guadalupe Andrade T. Secretary of the Council
Certifies that the present Decree was discussed and approved in two distinct sessions held by the Illustrious Municipal Council of Santa Cruz on 17 June and 1 July 1986, having been definitively approved during the last of these two sessions.
Guadalupe Andrade T. Secretary of the Council."
Ivan Sache, 28 September 2008



 
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