Bestellen Sie Ihre Fahnen / Flaggen im Flaggen-Shop bei fahnenversand.de


Diese Website beschäftigt sich mit der Wissenschaft der Vexillologie (Flaggenkunde).
Alle auf dieser Website dargebotenen Abbildungen dienen ausschließlich der Informationsvermittlung im Sinne der Flaggenkunde.
Der Hoster dieser Seite distanziert sich ausdrücklich von jedweden hierauf u.U. dargestellten Symbolen verfassungsfeindlicher Organisationen.

This is a mirror of a page that is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website.
Anything above the previous line isnt part of the Flags of the World Website and was added by the hoster of this mirror.

Port Jackson Code of Signals (Australia)

Last modified: 2016-02-27 by ian macdonald
Keywords: port jackson code of signals | garden island weather signals |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors




See also:


Introduction

In 1832 John Nicholson, then harbourmaster of Port Jackson (now better known as Sydney Harbour), published the 'Code of Signals for the Colony of New South Wales". The Nicholson Flag Chart consists of Marryat's Signals, with 16 flags each for the Royal Navy and the Merchant Service, plus the Colonial Signals, with 18 Descriptive Flags, 12 'Colonial Numerals for Pilots Reports &c.', and 12 'Proposed Miscellaneous Flags for N.S.Wales and the South Seas' (mostly ensigns). Also included on the chart are five examples on how the signals would be displayed to convey messages: the Descriptive Flags would be flown either on their own, or with the Numeral Flags underneath which indicated the origins of individual ships according to a pre-determined code list.

The Colonial Signals were in use until circa 1940. By then the Descriptive Flags had four more flags added; the Colonial Numerals became the Garden Island Weather Signals to indicate wind speeds, with the Numeral Flags indicating a corresponding Beaufort Scale.

The old Colonial Signals have been partially revived since 2008, when a flagstaff was re-erected on Observatory Hill in Sydney, on which signals flags had been flown from circa 1810 until the late 1930s. Among the other flags flown on the flagstaff nowadays are some of the Descriptive Flags, as well as the Colonial Numerals flown to indicate the day's maximum temperature in Celsius.
(See also http://www.sydneyobservatory.com.au/whatson/flagstaff/)
Miles Li, 7 September 2015


The Signal Flags

The following nomenclature was dated circa 1940.

0 - Calm - less than 1 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 22 July 2015

 I'm not sure a flag signal to indicate there was no wind would be  very effective. But I understand the flags are just a numeric code, with the 0 being used for "10" as well.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 17 August 2015

1 - Light Air - 1-3 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 22 July 2015

2 - Light Breeze - 4-7 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 22 July 2015

3 - Gentle Breeze - 8-12 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 22 July 2015

4 - Moderate Breeze - 13-18 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 22 July 2015

5 - Fresh Breeze - 19-24 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 23 July 2015

6 - Strong Breeze - 25-31 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 23 July 2015

7 - Moderate Gale - 32-38 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 23 July 2015

8 - Fresh Gale - 39-46 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 23 July 2015

9 - Strong Gale - 47-54 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 23 July 2015

10 - Whole Gale - 55-63 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 24 July 2015

11 - Storm - 64-75 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 24 July 2015

12 - Hurricane - above 75 mph

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 24 July 2015

Numeral pennant

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Same as the Numeral Pennant on the original Marryat's Signals. The Nicholson Flag Chart showed this pennant as being narrower than the other Numeral Flags.
Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Substitute

[Garden Island signal flag]image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

As used in the Numeral 11 flag.
Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Temperature

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

This is a modern (since 2008) flag, with a darker shade of red than the original signal flags, to be flown above the Numeral Flags to indicate the day's maximum temperature in Celsius.
Miles Li, 7 September 2015


Description Flags

The Description Flags first appeared on the Nicholson Flag Chart of 1832.
Miles Li, 7 September 2015

British Ship of War

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

The British White Ensign. Redrawn here to match the proportions and colours of the other signal flags.
Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Foreign Ship of War

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Stranger Ship

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Government Colonial Ship

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Private Colonial Ship

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

Foreign Ship

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 7 September 2015

The following four flags did not appear on the Nicholson Flag Chart of 1832, but were added later.

Stranger Barge

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 10 September 2015

Government Colonial Barge

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 10 September 2015

Private Colonial Barge

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 10 September 2015

Foreign Barge

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 10 September 2015


Description flags from the Nicholson Flag Chart of 1832

Stranger Brig

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 11 September 2015

Government Colonial Brig

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 11 September 2015

Private Colonial Brig

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 11 September 2015

Foreign Brig

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 11 September 2015

Stranger Schooner

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 12 September 2015

Government Colonial Schooner

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 12 September 2015

Private Colonial Schooner

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 12 September 2015

Foreign Schooner

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 12 September 2015

Stranger Cutter or Sloop

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 13 September 2015

Government Colonial Cutter or Sloop

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 13 September 2015

Private Colonial Cutter or Sloop

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 13 September 2015

(Foreign) Steamer

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 13 September 2015


Proposed Miscellaneous Flags

The Nicholson Flag Chart of 1832 illustrated a dozen "Proposed Miscellaneous Flags" in four rows. Of particular interest is the third row, featuring the purported flags for three island groups in the Pacific, which are illustrated below.

First row:
    Blue Ensign
    Red Ensign
    Blue Peter
Second row:
    NSW Ensign
    NSW Merchant (similar to the NSW Ensign but with two additional horizontal blue stripes)
    Sydney
Third row:
    Polynesia
    New Zealand
    Sandwich Isles (i.e. Hawaii)
Last row:
    Custom House
    Pilots (White-over-red bicolour)
    Post Office Packet (similar to http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/206394.html but with a white field)

Polynesia

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 14 September 2015

New Zealand

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 14 September 2015

Sandwich Isles (i.e. Hawaii)

[Garden Island signal flag] image by Miles Li, 14 September 2015


 
Anything below the following line isnt part of the Flags of the World Website and was added by the hoster of this mirror.

Bei fahnenversand.de erhalten Sie eine Vielzahl an günstigen Flaggen, Pins und Aufnähern, zum Beispiel:
USA - Bundesstaat Florida
 (150 x 90 cm) Flagge Flaggen Fahne Fahnen kaufen bestellen Shop Fahne Niederbayern
 (150 x 90 cm) Flagge Flaggen Fahne Fahnen kaufen bestellen Shop 12er Tischflaggenständer Holz Flagge Flaggen Fahne Fahnen kaufen bestellen Shop Tisch-Flagge Spanien mit Wappen 15x10cm
 mit Kunststoffständer Flagge Flaggen Fahne Fahnen kaufen bestellen Shop Flagge der Fremdenlegion
 (90 x 60 cm) Premium Flagge Flaggen Fahne Fahnen kaufen bestellen Shop