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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Crancelin - Cypher)
Last modified: 2012-08-31 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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- See ‘crown of rue’.
Royal Standard of the
Kingdom of Saxony 1815–1918 (fotw)
- 1)A decorative scarf, usually in national or livery colours and often richly decorated,
generally tied with a bow to the staff below the finial, normally (but by no means exclusively)
used with military flags and sometimes displayed with a cockade (see also
‘cockade 1)’, ‘cord(s)
‘national colours 2)’ and
- 2) Long black ribbons tied to the staff of a military colour below the finial
to signify mourning by the regiment or unit concerned for the loss of members
of that regiment, or when participating in a military or state funeral - but see
Presidential Standard, France 1940 – 1943 (fotw & CS); National Flag of Mexico (fotw)
Please note with regard to 1) that in French military usage, and possibly
in others, the cravat is employed (including use with car flags) to differentiate
between ranks and functions (see also ‘fanion 3)’,
‘jack of honour’, ‘lanyard 1)’ and ‘lanyard pennant’.
- In vexillology, a term that is sometimes used to describe the battlements of a tower,
castle or wall in place of its heraldic equivalents – see
Flag of Triemen, The Netherlands (fotw)
- See ‘embattled’.
Flag of Wegenstetten, Switzerland (fotw)
- 1) In vexillology, a charge in the shape of a crescent moon formed by two interlinked
circles of varying size, generally (but not invariably) shown with the open horns towards
the fly. The crescent is often (but by no means invariably) considered to be symbolic of Islam
- a quarter-moon (see also
‘waning or waxing moon’).
- 2) In heraldry a charge in the form of a crescent moon whose horns unless otherwise
specified point upwards – but see ‘moon 2)’ with following note,
and the note below.
From left: Arms (CS); The National Flag of Turkey (fotw); National Flag of The
Please note with regard to 2) that a crescent whose horns point
downward may be termed inverted or reversed – see ‘reversed 2)’.
- 1) The heraldic term for a symbol that is usually (but not invariably)
attached to the helm, is almost always set above a torse and generally
ensigned over the shield (see also ‘Appendix IV’,
‘coat of arms’,
- 2) See ‘ship’s crest’.
- 3) See ‘military crest’.
- 4) The term is sometimes used to describe a shield or set of armorial bearing – but see note below.
Please note that the term crest should only be used
as specifically defined defined in 1), 2) and 3) above, and should not be considered as a synonym for a coat of arms or set
of armorial bearings (see also
‘armorial bearings’ and
‘coat of arms’).
- CREW’S MEAL PENNANT
- See ‘meal pennant’.
Crew’s Meal Pennant, US (fotw)
- CROATIAN WATTLE
- See ‘wattle(d) 1)’
Flag of Ustasha Youth 1941 - 1945, Croatia (fotw)
- A ceremonial headpiece in the shape of a circlet often made of precious metal
and usually adorned with pearls and gemstones – see note below (also
‘coronet 1)’, ‘coronet 2)’ and
Royal Crowns, Denmark & Spain (fotw); Tudor Crown 1901 – 1953, St Edward’s Crown (Current Pattern) UK (Martin Grieve)
a) On flags a crown with a curved
bar or bars across the top and a cap within generally (but not invariably) signifies
a reigning monarch, however, the actual design will usually be specific
to a given country and considerable variations exist.
heraldry the term crown has a far wider use, and whilst a few of the many types
encountered are described in this dictionary, it is strongly suggested that a
specialist glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.
- See ‘ensigned’.
Lesser Arms of Luxembourg (fotw)
- CROWN OF RUE
- The heraldic term for a coronet placed in bend – or diagonally – across rather
than above a shield or quarter – a crancelin (see also ‘bend’ in
‘coronet’, ‘in bend’,
The Flag and Arms of Saxony, Germany (CS)
- CROWN TRIUMPHAL
- The heraldic term for a closed garland or chaplet, usually composed of laurel
leaves, and based on the ancient Roman triumphal ornament (see also
‘civic crown 2)’,
‘wreath of immortelles’).
- A term for the central point at which the two triangles formed by a swallow-tailed
cut in the fly meet (see also ‘orthogonal’ and
- CUSTOMS FLAG (ENSIGN, JACK or PENNANT)
- A flag or ensign, different from the national/state flag or government ensign (or a
variant thereof) or a pennant, which specifically identifies the installations or vessels
of a country’s customs service (see also ‘national flag’,
‘government ensign’ and ‘service ensign’ under ‘ensign’,
and ‘state flag’).
From left: Customs Flags/Jack, Israel; Customs Flag, Japan;
Customs Ensign, Iceland; Customs Pennant, Thailand (fotw)
- CYBERVEXILLOLOGY (or CYBERVEX)
- Vexillological research and/or the publication of vexillological information
using electronic means, particularly the Internet or other electronic delivery
- See ‘royal cypher 1)’ and
Cypher of the French Republic (CS)
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