- FNFL JACK
- See ‘jack of honour’.
Jack of the FNFL (Forces Navales Françaises Libres), France (fotw)
- FOLK FLAG
- A homemade national flag of simplified design (see also
- FOLKLORE ORNAMENT
- A decorative band usually placed along the hoist of a flag, and intended to represent an element of cultural identity – but see ‘national ornament’.
Flag of the Mulgi people, Estonia (Zoltan Horvath)
Please note that this not an established term, but has been introduced by the Editors since no established alternative could be found.
- FOOTBALL FLAG
- See ‘sports flag’.
Flag of the Royal Belgian Football Association (fotw)
- See ‘appendix V’.
Flag of Lačnov, Czech Republic (fotw)
- FORE, AT THE
- (adv) When a flag is flown at the truck on the foremast of a ship it is described
as being ‘at the fore’, and a command flag of a vice-admiral was formerly flown
in this position (see also ‘flag of command’,
- FOREMAST (or FORE)
- The forward vertical mast in a three or four masted sailing ship or the forward
mast of a motor vessel regardless of the number of masts (see also
- FORK(ED)-TAIL (or FORK-TAILED)
- See ‘swallow-tail(ed)’.
Flag of Galanta, Slovakia (fotw)
- FORKED ENSIGN
- See ‘swallowtail(ed)’.
State Ensign of Lower Saxony, Germany (fotw)
- FORMÉE (FORMÉ or FORMY) CROSS
- See ‘Cross Pattée’ in ‘Appendix VIII:’.
Flag of Vilamacolum, Spain (fotw)
- FORTRESS FLAG
- The term for a flag, now obsolete, that was flown over military defences (either inland or coastal).
In British and Russian usage this was the naval jack, whilst in others the war flag/naval ensign or the
state/national flag (or a variant thereof) might be employed.
- 1) some
countries use/used ensigns of special design to denote ships belonging to
naval fortresses (notably Soviet Union)
2) some countries have/had sets
of rank flags to denote presence of officers of particular rank/position
in coastal artillery and fortresses.
1801 Pattern of Union Jack, UK (Graham Bartram);
Jack/Fortress Flag, Soviet Union 1924 – 1932 (fotw); War Flag/Naval Ensign, Germany 1903 - 1919 (fotw);
Flag of Coastal Fortresses and Naval Buildings, Spain 1793 (fotw)
- FOULED (or FOUL) ANCHOR
- In United Kingdom usage and some others, the term for an anchor entangled with its cable - but see
‘cabled’ (also ‘admiralty flag’ and ‘anchor flag’).
Flag of the Admiralty Board, UK (fotw)
Please note that in UK usage the fouled (or foul) anchor is considered a symbol of
the Royal Navy, and that officers of the British merchant marine show an anchor (of a
slightly differing pattern) without its cable on their cap badges and buttons.
- FOUNTAIN FILL
- See ‘gradient fill’.
Flag of the Christlich-Soziale Union, Bavaria, Germany (fotw)
- See ‘lanyard 1)’ (also ‘lanyard pennant’).
- FOUR COLOUR PRINTING SYSTEM
- See ‘CMYK’.
- FOUR FREEDOMS FLAG
- See ‘honour flag 1)’.
A Four Freedoms/Honor Flag
- FOURTH CANTON (or QUARTER)
- A term for that quarter of a flag which occupies the lower fly - the fourth quarter,
lower fly or lower fly canton – see ‘canton 3)’
(also ‘hoist 1)’).
- A heraldic term used when an ordinary, such as a bar, fess or chevron, is broken in one or more places
(see also ‘ordinary’).
Flag of Braunwald, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of Leuggelbach, Switzerland (fotw);
Flag of Markvartice, Czech Republic (fotw)
- 1) The wood or metal bar by which the top edge of a flag is held – but see
‘framed flag 1)’ below (also
- 2) In largely (but increasingly obsolete) maritime usage, this term may also describe the rod (attached to a
ship’s mast or yard by lines) that is inserted into the heading of a streamer or pennant in order to stiffen it
at the hoist – but see ‘headstick’ (also
‘command pennant’ with following notes,
‘streamer 2)’ and
- FRAMED FLAG
- 1) A flag that is designed to be attached both along its hoist to the staff, and along
its top to a side-mounted cross-bar sometimes called a gonfalon (see also
‘cross bar’), ‘frame’ above
and ‘staff 2)’.
- 2) See ‘outrigger flag’.
Flag of Hirnyk, Ukraine; Flag of Guta, Ukraine (Dov Gutterman)
- FRANKLIN FLAG
- An early (unofficial but used and with a variation in the order of the stripe’s colours - quite widely reproduced) pattern of the stars and
stripes; it was first detailed by Benjamin Franklin whilst ambassador to Paris, flown in
European waters by John Paul Jones and aboard the captured HMS Serapis, and was one of
the first versions to gain international recognition – the Serapis flag (see also
‘Betsy Ross flag’,
‘great star flags’,
‘star-spangled banner’ and
‘stars and stripes’).
The Franklin Pattern of Stars and Stripes, 1778 (fotw)
- FRENCH SHIELD
- The term, and a literal translation of Französischer Schild, sometimes used in German language vexillology
to describe a rectangular shield – see ‘rectangular shield’.
Please note that several of the terms giving shields a national identity, as well as those describing a
specific type, are still in the process of standardization, and that no consistent approach has thus far been identified.
- See ‘interlaced’.
Flag and Arms of Sveta Nedelja, Croatia (Željko Heimer)
- FRETTY (FRETE or FRETTÉ)
- The heraldic term for a pattern of interlaced bars forming a (usually) diagonal trellis either overlapped or
joined together (see also ‘interlaced’).
Flag of Kojetín, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag and Arms of Prostějov, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Oulens-sous-Echallens, Switzerland (fotw)
- A decoration of twisted thread and/or metal often (but not invariably) attached to edges of
a military colour, or of a flag intended
for ceremonial and/or indoor use (see also ‘colour 2)’,
and ‘parade flag’).
Indoor/Parade Flag of Shiga Prefecture Police, Japan (Nozomi Kariyasu);
Indoor/Parade Flag of the Navy, US (fotw)
- FRUCTED (or FRUITED)
- The heraldic term for when a tree or branch is bearing fruit, generally shown in another
tincture (see also ‘leaved’ and ‘tincture’)
Flag of Bormla, Malta (fotw); Flag of
Wileroltigen, Switzerland (fotw); Arms of Runovinci,
Croatia (fotw); Flag of Höngg, Switzerland (fotw)
- FULL ACHIEVEMENT OF ARMS
- See 'achievement of arms' and
The Achievement of Arms/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)
- FULL DRESSING
- 1) See ‘dress ship, to 1)’
and ‘dress ship, to 4)’.
- 2) See ‘dressing overall 2)’
and ‘dressing overall 3)’.
- FULL MAST (or FULL STAFF) A FLAG
- (v & adj) To fly a flag in its normal position right up to the truck, a term
generally used after a flag has spent a mourning period at half mast (see also
‘flag pole’, ‘half mast’
- FULL MOON
- See ‘disk’, ‘moon 2)’ with following note and ‘per complement 2)’.
Flag of Shan, Myanmar (fotw)
- FUNERAL ACHIEVEMENT
- See ‘achievement of arms 2)’.
Funeral Achievement/Armorial Bearings of the Late Sir Winston Churchill, UK (Churchill Society)
- FUNERAL FLAGS (or PENNANTS)
- 1) Flags or pennants flown from the cars in a funeral cortege or procession, in order to
facilitate keeping that cortege together and to help other drivers avoid breaking
into it, not to be confused with a pall flag or with mourning flags (see also
‘mourning flag’ and
‘pall flag’, together with
- 2) The term may also be used to describe those flags – often draped with a mourning ribbon – that are carried
in a funeral cortege (see also ‘draping’,
‘cravat 2)’ and
- 1) (v) To wind (roll up) a colour or parade flag around its staff before
it is cased – usually done with ceremony (see also
‘colour (2)’ and
‘parade flag’ 2)).
- 2) (adj) A flag is considered furled when hoisted in a rolled and/or folded
condition prior to being broken out at the truck – see
‘break a flag’ (also
- See ‘ermine’,
From left: Ermine, Potent and Vair.
- FUSELAGE MARKING
- 1) The term sometimes used to describe a non-circular emblem of nationality
employed by some nations in the same way and for the same purpose as a roundel – but
see the note below, ‘roundel 1)’ and
‘wing marking(s) 1)’
‘iron cross’ and
2) See ‘roundel 1)’.
Fuselage/Wing Marking of The Philippines (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of
Botswana (fotw); Fuselage/Wing Marking of
a) The term “fuselage” only refers to the body of an aircraft and to
those markings that appear thereon, so when these same emblems appear on the wings of
an aircraft they are properly called “wing markings”.
types of aircraft the description “ fuselage” can (technically speaking) include their
tail plane/fin, but that the term given above should never be used to describe any
markings shown thereon – see ‘fin flash’.
- The heraldic term for an elongated lozenge - see ‘lozenge 2)’
(also ‘square lozenge’).
- See ‘lozengy’.
Flag of Balenyà, Spain (fotw)
- FUSILLY BENDY (or BENDY SINISTER)
- See ‘lozengy bendy’.
- See ‘swastika’.
Flag of the Canadian Nazi Party 1933 – 1938 (fotw)