Last modified: 2012-01-06 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: san salvador | el salvador |
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image by Fred Drews and Jaume Ollé, 18 August 1999
San Salvador, the capital of San Salvador Department, use the
same flag and the coat of arms as the department flag and coat of
Fred Drews, 18 November 2004
The municipal symbols of El Salvador are shown and described
on a dedicated
page of the municipal website.
The municipal flag of San Salvador is horizontally divided in seven stripes, blue-white-blue-white-blue-white-blue, with a square red canton (height: three stripes) charged with the municipal coat of arms. The flag was approved in 1943 by the Municipal Council presided by José María Melara.
The municipal coat of arms, approved after a contest launched in 1943, was designed by the painter José Mejía Vides. The shield is "Quarterly, 1. Argent a chain of emeralds, 2. and 3. Azure a bend sinister argent, 4. Argent a bell proper."
The chain of emeralds represents Cuscatlán [Cuscatlán, today the name of a department of El Salvador, was the name given to the natives of the western part of the country, lit. meaning "Land of the Precious Jewels". I.S.], while the bell belongs to the Church of Mercy, used by Priest José Matías Delgado [José Matías Delgado y León (1767-1832), priest and doctor, is nicknamed "The Father of the Salvadorian Fatherland". On 5 November 1811, he is said to have rung the bells of the Church of Mercy in El Salvador as a cry for freedom. Delgado was President of El Salvador from 1821 to 1823.I.S.] to give the signal of the insurrection for the independence of the country. The second and three quarters are an oblique projection of the colours of the antique Federal Flag.
The dates on the border of the shield are 1525 [The town of San Salvador was founded in April 1525 by the Spaniards, in a place located south of the today's town; destroyed by the natives in 1526, the town was refunded in 1528 near Suchitoto, north of San Salvador, and, for the third and last time, in 1525, on its today's site.I.S], the year of foundation of the town; 1811, the year of the first uprising for independence; and 1821 [On 15 September 1821, the provinces of Central America, including El Salvador, declared their independence from Spain.I.S], the year of the proclamation of independence.
The design of the flag recalls, probably not by a mere coincidence, the striped flag (but with nine stripes) with a red canton used by El Salvador in the late 19th century - early 20th century.
Ivan Sache, 25 February 2009
image from <www.guanaquin.com>
previous Coat of Arms
image contributed by Fred Drews, 28 August 2009
This is the old Coat of arms for the city of San
Salvador, the capital of El Salvador, which was used before
1943, when it was substituted by the current coat of arms. This
old Coat of arms was based on the original coat of arms given by
the King of Spain to San Salvador in the late 1500s, the main
difference are the dates that were added to the original
Fred Drews, 28 August 2009