Last modified: 2011-07-22 by juan manuel gabino villascán
Keywords: mexico | jalisco | autlá |
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by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, June 27, 2011.
From these photos: 01, 02, and 03.
Sources: CulturaAutlán, Las banderas del carnaval, Autlan, deGrana, Galería CulturAutlán, Autlán de Navarro official site.
Traditionally the town has been known as Autlán de la Grana [Autlan of the scarlet color], because of the growing of the cochineal, a certain kind of insect grows in the prickly pears, out of which such a color is obtained. During pre-Hispanic ages it was to be used to color clothes and during the Colonial era, the color was exported to Europe, being Autlan the main exporter (cf. Autlán de Navarro: historia y geografía).
The scarlet color of the flag of Autlan recalls the traditional "cochineal industry", while the emblem in the middle is just the Nahuatl pictograph representing the word 'Autlan', which in that language means "near of the irrigation ditch", from 'Aotli': "irrigation ditch" or "channel"; and 'tlan': "land" or "near of", represented by the teeth-shaped figure in the pictograph. The glyph is said to be reproduced after the Mendoza Codex (cf. Autlán de Navarro: historia y geografía and Heráldica oficial de los municipios de Jalisco: Autlán de Navarro).
The site Heráldica oficial de los municipios de Jalisco: Autlán de Navarro says that "the municipality has a flag for its own. It is a rectangle divided into three equal stripes, upper and middle ones are scarlet and the bottom one is white. The cochineal is represented by the scarlet color, while white stands for peace, friendship, fraternity and hospitality. In the middle appears the municipality's heraldic emblem."
Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán, 3 July 2011.
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