Last modified: 2010-02-27 by ian macdonald
Keywords: persia | gilan | azadistan | kaveh | mahabad |
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image by Jaume Ollé
In 1915, liberal and progressive people created in Persia the
movement named Djangali (from djangal, forest, since
the movement was born in the Gilan forest) under the leadership of
Mirza Kucik Khan, Ihsan Allah Khan and other liberal people (named
Azadikhahan) and constitutionalist people (Mudjahidin).
A Revolutionary Commitee was created, and German, Austrian and
Turkish officers trained the Djangali volunteers. The movement
spread to Gilan and a great part of Mazanderan. In March 1918, an
attack against Kazwin failed. A treaty with the British (12 August
1918) granted to Mirza Kucik Khan the domain of Gilan, and the
German, Austrian and Turkish instructors were sent back to their
countries. In 1919, Cossaks in the service of the Persian government
seized the territory of the Djangali.
The flags of the Djangali Revolutionary Comitee and the Republic of Gilan and Mazanderan are unknown.
In 1920 the Soviets helped the survivors of the Djangali movement. A Soviet vessel attacked Enzeli on18 May 1920 and Soviet troops entered Resht, the capital city of Gilan. A new Committee was formed and on 5 June 1920 Mirza Kucik Khan proclaimed the Socialist Soviet Republic of Persia, and the Soviet Republic of Gilan, with the flag shown abov.:
After the treaty between URSS and Iran (26 February 1921) the
Soviet troops withdrew from Gilan on 8 September 1921. In October the
country was seized by Rida Khan (later on Rida Shah). Mirza was
captured and executed.
Source: L. Philippe - Flaggenmitteilung [fml] #77
Jaume Ollé, 8 April 1997
The word Kaveh iis written
in the canton of the flag. Kaveh was a medieval blacksmith who was
leading a rebellion against the local ruler. The Gilani people were
therefore referring to an earlier revolutionary.
Harald Müller, 5 March 1997