Last modified: 2011-07-08 by andrew weeks
Keywords: zion | rishon lezion | rishon leziyyon |
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image by eljko Heimer, 10 December 2006
According to the Encyclopaedia Judaica (published in
Jerusalem, 1971), "The Zionist flag in its present form
two blue stripes on white background with a shield of David
in the center was first displayed in Rishon LeZiyyon in
1885". The raising of the flag in Rishon LeZiyyon thus
predates Morris Harris' flag by more than a decade. Rishon
LeZiyyon was the first Zionist settlement in what is now Israel.
It was established in 1882.
The Encyclopaedia Judaica also says that Wolfsohn was unaware of the earlier flags used in Rishon LeZiyyon and (presumably) by the "Love of Zion" groups when proposing a design identical to the flags used by these.
Jan Oskar Engene, 14 May 1998
[According to] the Jewish Encyclopaedia under the word
"Flag" (...) the blue and white colors were quoted
first time by the poet L.A. Frankl in his poem Zivei Erez Yehuda;
(...) the first Zionist flag, like the current national one, was
designed by David Wolfsohn and was first hoisted in Rishon le
Zion 1885 .
Jaume Ollé, 31 May 1998
one can find a description of this flag as appeared in a letter
sent by its maker (Israel
Belkind) of 21 August 1885.
The background is as follows: By the initiative of Belkind, and with the agreements of Y, Osovitzki, one of Baron Rotshild [patron of the settlment] officials, it was decided to held a celebration for the children of the Heder" [=lit. room - refers to school class for young pupils learning from the Rabbi].
And Belkind wrote: "I and Funny Meirovitz were busy meanwhile in making the flag....and this was the figure of the flag that we made: white piece of fabric, twin two stripes of azure [Tkhelet] on both sides like in our Talitt and Magen David of azure in the middle. Since the time was short, we couldn't add any words in the center".
This extract suggest that this flag had two stripes on each side.
Dov Gutterman, 14 February 2005
Interesting item is a letter
sent by Rishon LeZiyyon's Hebrew Police on 2 May 1920. Note the
double-stripes Zionist flag with the word Zion inside the MD.
This probably follow the design of 1885 flag.
Dov Gutterman, 5 May 2005
This allegedly first Zionist flags (and as far as I am aware
it is the oldest documented use of such or similar flags) was
similar to the current Israeli flag, but not quite the same:
white rectangular flag with blue stripes along the top and bootom
- each composed of two thicker stripes flanked with two thin
stripes and in the middle a Magen David composed of a thicker
object cotized on the outside and inside with a thin line,
containing in the middle the word Zion in Hebrew. The inspitation
of the flag from talith - Jewish prayer shawl, is even
more evident by the use of the typical pattern of the stripes
then in the modern flag.
eljko Heimer, 10 December 2006