Last modified: 2011-06-10 by eugene ipavec
Keywords: gallardete | stripes: 3 (red-yellow) | square (yellow) | square: hoist (yellow) | coat of arms: oval | coat of arms: per pale (castle: yellow) | coat of arms: per pale (lion: red) |
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image by Santiago Dotor
The 1785 Royal Decree also established a new war pennant, with tapering stripes red-yellow-red in proportions 1:2:1 with a yellow square at the hoist bearing the oval lesser arms, tilted 90º. Sources: Calvo and Grávalos 1983 and Fernández Gaytán 1985.
Santiago Dotor, 08 Jul 1999
At the Military Museum of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (which I visited on 18 February 2010), images of the 1785 flag contest are given in two plates, the first showing the final flags chosen by Carlos III, the second one the twelve proposals.
According to a source which unfortunately is not given within the explanations, the flags are shown with ratio 4:9; the ratio of the war pennant is estimated at 1:18. The pennant is divided by convergent stripes red over yellow over red with ratio 1:2:1 and has a yellow square at the hoist, showing the the same coat of arms as the war ensign. The coat of arms has been rotated clockwise 270°, i.e. the crown points to the hoist. It is an oval shield, topped by a crown and showing the arms of Castile and Leon per pale.
The primary source is probably from 19th century or even earlier. The flags are depicted as flying colours. [cpe83b] obviously has another primary source, because it shows different ratios. Furthermore only the results are displayed there, without any proposal.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 16 Mar 2010